Alcoholism is one of the main addictive disorders present in our country and is currently a real public health problem both because of the impact it has on the person who suffers from it and on their family and social environment.
This type of disorder is associated with a number of very characteristic symptoms and classic signs which can be used as guidelines for whether or not a person suffers from alcoholism.
Although many of these symptoms are often easily recognized and identifiable by anyone, it is important to clarify that the diagnosis of alcohol use disorder can only be made by healthcare professionals.
What does it take to know if a person has developed alcoholism?
If you want to know the main criteria for detecting alcoholism in a person, keep reading. Here you will find the signs and symptoms that professional psychologists identify as the main indicators of a case of alcoholism.
1. Dangerous use and consumption
The most visible characteristic of an alcohol addiction is excessive use of this substance for a prolonged period and at levels which can endanger your health both physically and mentally.
A sudden change in the way alcohol is consumed, as well as in the person’s relationship with alcohol both outside and inside the home, can be a very useful indicator in identifying that there is an alcohol addiction problem. .
On the other hand, alcohol consumption should not make the person into a state of intoxication to be considered addicted (for example, there are profiles of people who need to drink a little permanently: alcoholics type delta).
2. Affection in social relationships
Continued alcohol consumption affects all areas of a person’s life, and in particular how they relate to their immediate environment, i.e. to their friends, family and loved ones.
This assignment usually results in greater conflict with the person’s friends, partner or family, which usually ends in progressive social isolation and loss of relationship in the short or long term.
When they start to notice specific effects on relationship skills or have problems with interpersonal relationships that did not exist before, we can speak of a case of alcoholism.
3. Withdrawal syndrome
The abstinence syndrome is another of the essential characteristics of people with alcoholic disorders and it is based on a number of highly recognizable physical and psychological symptoms.
The main physical symptoms that occur in a person with withdrawal syndrome are: chills, excessive sweating, tremors, nausea, headache, tachycardia, or dehydration.
On the other hand, the main psychological symptoms are usually anxiety, irritability, hallucinations, agitation or delirium tremens.
The phenomenon of tolerance occurs in addiction to any kind of addictive toxic substances and occurs when the person needs to increase the levels of ingested alcohol to achieve the same intoxicating effects in the body, once the consumption is already being pursued.
This is another of the unequivocal warning signs and signals that indicate a case of alcoholism and is very dangerous because promotes increased alcohol consumption in the affected person.
5. Changing habits
Continued alcohol consumption can also markedly alter a person’s lifestyle habits, to the point of neglecting normal activities and focusing exclusively on drinking alcohol.
This usually results in the person having an alcohol addiction he begins to remarkably modify the practice of daily activities that previously satisfied him, or that you stop doing them directly.
Likewise, an alcoholic often begins to engage in activities related solely to alcohol consumption, such as always being at a bar or drinking alcohol wherever they are.
6. Breach of obligations
This change in habits also results in a total disregard of any responsibility that the person in question may have before developing an addiction to alcohol.
People with alcoholism they generally put aside their professional, family, personal or emotional obligations with their immediate environment, as alcohol becomes the center of his new life.
7. Failed attempts to stop
Many people who are addicted to alcohol often go through different attempts to quit the addiction without achieving positive results. this causes them to enter a spiral of frustration and discomfort which usually causes a greater need to continue drinking.
This usually happens when the person decides to leave them alone or tries to moderate their use, which is not possible when you have such an addiction.
This is why it is so necessary to call on the services of a specialist, because only a professional specializing in addictive behavior can help us overcome this problem.
8. Health problems
Continued alcohol dependence is associated with a variety of physical and psychological problems which endanger the state of health of the person on a daily basis.
Some of the main physical or psychological disorders associated with alcohol use and addiction are heart disease, stroke, depression, digestive problems, cirrhosis, and various types of cancer.
9. New social relationships in the drug addiction environment
As we have noted, people addicted to alcohol often change old habits and activities that they used to do as normal and adopt new ways of relating to the environment.
Due to the repeated consumption of alcohol, there are usually changes in the level of activities and also in the people with whom these activities are carried out, such as it is common for friendships to change and start dating people who might have the same problem.
10. Exposing yourself to dangerous situations
Finally, another characteristic that generally indicates a case of alcoholism is the habitual exposure to dangerous or criminal situations. without the person knowing that they are putting their own life and that of others in danger.
Examples of this phenomenon may include driving under the influence of alcohol, participating in criminal activity, or having unprotected sex with strangers.