In recent years, there have been a number of terrorist attacks linked to the terrorist group Islamic State or Daesh, as the acronym is known in Arabic for them or ISIS for its acronym in English (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria). These attacks, carried out mostly in Muslim countries themselves, have a particular impact on Europe.
And it is that Daesh has militants at the transnational level, in particular Westerners converted to Islam., Or second or third generation European citizens of Muslim origin. Remember that Arabic is not synonymous with Muslim. Thus, any type of ethnicity can belong to Daesh.
What is Daesh?
Daesh or Islamic State is a terrorist group formed in 2014 following the Syrian crisis and the endless war in Iraq, where the supreme leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi declared the establishment of the “Islamic Caliphate” in Mosul, Iraq.
For other academics, the concept of terrorist group is misused, because it is an organization with a social, religious, administrative and territorial identity. Although these extremists are now wiped out, they have gone so far as to create a corridor between Syria and Iraq to spread around the world, controlling important areas of both countries.
To come back to the formation of Daesh, its members share the same profile: the inhabitants of Western and Eastern Europe are radicalized by a false interpretation of Islam and taking up the precepts of “holy war” »Used during the Crusades. So, Can the process of radicalization be interrupted? Are individuals who have been terrorists reformable? In this article, we analyze it.
How to detect such cases?
Given the complexity of the issue, the main problem is how to detect the aforementioned radicalization process, as the authorities and security forces have called it.
The Muslim community is integrated into Western societies, and outside their homes, the most apparent cultural assimilation. The complexity lies in the moments of “interior doors”. In other words, in their most intimate environments and far from any type of surveillance.
The recent terrorist attacks signed by Daesh link this integration to radicalization, based in some cases on disguise and false appearance. For that, According to expert sociologists, it is much easier to solve the problem through education and prevention.
Is it possible to re-educate a Daesh member?
A difficult problem to solve. How do you know if a Daesh individual can be re-educated? Fortunately, there are possibilities for a broad experiment, but with effective results. We are talking about cultural associations and many other integration organizations, the mission is to get people back on the right track.
Currently there are several Muslim associations specially dedicated to the reintegration of these individuals into society. To cite a few examples, the Banr Islamic Foundation and the Ibn Battuta Foundation, where the first was made up of two brothers who wanted to be part of Daesh to fight in Syria.
The second is of a cultural nature, being part of the process of socialization of young people and Muslim families, although the objective is to serve any community outside the European Community and thus ensure their adaptation to avoid discriminatory acts. , racist or harassment.
The Ibn Battuta Foundation works in close collaboration with local security forces, administrations and, at the national level, enjoys great recognition, thus working hand in hand with justice and social services.
Can a Daesh terrorist be re-educated? The tools have recently been put into practice by countries like Australia or England, where they have arrested several fundamentalists who fought alongside Daesh, but who, for legal purposes, are still considered nationals with civil rights.
The latest high profile case was that of a 16-year-old German teenager who was arrested in Iraq by special anti-terrorism units during a raid on Daesh. He had recently converted to Islam and his name has been withheld for security reasons. The German authorities do not want to take the victim for granted and the psychological processes have already started to return to normal life.