Criminology: the science that studies crimes and misdemeanors

With the growing popularity of drama series involving solving crimes, chasing criminals, or trying to get into their minds to take them a step further, we think we are familiar with the term criminology, believing it to be a science. whose sole purpose is to solve the crime committed.

And if the criminal investigation is one of its functions, It should be noted that criminology is not limited to this field but has a wide range of possibilities to be used and applied for the benefit of society..

What is criminology?

It was Rafaelle Garofalo, an Italian lawyer, who coined the term for the first time. criminology, The etymological meaning derives from the Latin criminis (crime / crime) and the Greek logos (treatise or study) so its purest definition is “study of crime”. But to attribute this definition to the criminological task would be too vague.

Criminology is an inter and multidisciplinary science the aim is the study, analysis, intervention, prevention and prophylaxis of crime, crime and criminality. Therefore, the object of the study of criminology would be anti-social conduct, those conducts which deviate from what is normally accepted by society and which even attack against the integrity of this one, starting from the premise that man is a biopsychosocial being and therefore criminality as human behavior must be explained as a phenomenon which encompasses biological, psychological and sociological aspects.

Applications and functions of criminology

While it is true that criminology can be applied to investigative and criminal assistance processes in the justice system, such as the preparation of assessments, the lifting, packaging and study of evidence, the issuance of opinion, criminal justice profiling, social reintegration, prison treatment, among others. other, it is important to specify that these tasks correspond only to the task of the criminologist in the public sphere.

On the other hand, crime is also a social, global and complex phenomenon. the private sector demands its work. Companies such as banks and insurers ask criminology experts to investigate suspicious banking transactions to determine whether certain suspicious transactions are obtained or used for illicit purposes such as terrorist financing or money laundering; they also ask the criminologist to analyze the irrigation to which a property to be insured is exposed, to investigate an insured loss, to check and analyze documents and signatures and even when recruiting staff.

Application and area of ​​work of the criminologist

In this present in which, unfortunately, it seems crime is increasing, demand for criminologists is increasing, Especially in countries where organized crime has gained ground like Mexico, Colombia, Chile, etc.

Private companies also use criminology experts to prevent crimes or claims that endanger their assets and customers. The work that the twenty-first century criminologist can do is vast and, as it has become clear, not only to engage in forensic research.

Lawyers and justice services, research agencies, social reintegration centers, public prosecutors, banks, insurers, law firms, securities transfer companies, or private advice, etc. are examples where the job opportunity presents itself to the criminologist.

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