When it comes to gender-based violenceWe come to the idea that this type of violence exists, but that it affects only one sector of the population.
What exactly is gender-based violence?
The existing myths in this regard lead us to imagine that this type of violence occurs sporadically, isolated events over time, and in many cases motivated because the woman is showing provocative behavior that the man must master, or in in other cases, the myth further victimizes the woman. by asserting that “women who suffer so long from being beaten, it is because they want it”.
But, above all, one of the most established myths is that of think that gender-based violence only exists in socially disadvantaged sectors and in families with limited financial resources.
You might be interested in: “The Cycle of Violence in Relationships”
Gender-based violence among adolescents
What if we discovered that this is not the reality when we talk about gender-based violence?
Current studies show that the sector of the population most affected by gender-based violence is adolescents. According to the Spanish macro-survey on violence against women in 2015, 21% of women under 25 who have had a partner have been victims of gender-based violence. In addition, a study conducted by González and Santana in 2001 reported that 7.5 of boys and 7.1 of girls admitted to having hooked or pushed their partner on one or more occasions (Samaniego and Freixas, 2010). These figures are alarming and lead us to wonder to what is due this violence and to what factors can be considered as risky when it comes to suffering it.
The reality is that in our society, traditional gender ideals still persist. Boys are endowed with a certain superiority and it is taken for granted that they are born strong and without weaknesses, while girls should preferably be docile, submissive and easily manipulated. These gender stereotypes are at the root of this type of violence, according to studies, even if we take for granted that they are already a thing of the past.
The risk factors associated with the aggressor in the phenomenon of “dating violence”, the name given to this phenomenon, refer to the modeling processes adopted in childhood, as is the case with minors exposed to violence on the premises. field. more likely to reproduce these behaviors in their relationships, or minors who are immersed in a context where violence is the main tool for resolving interpersonal conflicts.
Prince and Arias also point to two contrasting personality profiles, on the one hand, the teenager with high self-esteem and low sense of control over his life, who uses violence to feel he is increasing his control and, well sure, on the other hand. on the other hand, this adolescent with low self-esteem and in control who is violent in expressing his frustration (González & Santana, 2010).
Risk factors for victims
For its part, the risk factors considered by the perpetrators in relation to the suffering of this violence are a feeling of hopelessness and low self-esteem, An early start in sex, maintaining risky sex, the need for control and the idea of romantic love.
The ballast that generates a certain conception of love
The idea of romantic love, “the love that can do everything”, sets in almost from birth in girls, with the idea that they need a partner to really feel fulfilled. A study by Barrón and Martínez-Iñigo in 1999 has already highlighted differences in socialization between boys and girlss. They are taught to tolerate adversities that affect their relationships, to minimize problems, To support them and believe that they are capable of changing partners, which is not the case with boys, who learn to be independent.
The main problem with violence in adolescent couples is that the assaults take place at a very young age. In many cases, this violence is triggered from the first relationship, This means that the victim does not have the experience and information necessary to properly assess the situation in which she is living and therefore cannot realize what is happening and its consequences (González and Santana, 2010 ).
Also, as with gender-based violence, violence can range from verbal and emotional abuse to sexual assault and even murderWe are therefore faced with a phenomenon which considerably affects the physical and mental health of which any person can be a victim, regardless of their age, sexual orientation or socio-economic status.
Learn more: “The 30 Signs of Psychological Abuse in a Relationship”
- Baquero, JM (2015). Sexist Adolescents: The Raw Legacy of Patriarchy. Eldiario.es. http://www.eldiario.es/andalucia/Adolescentes-machistas-cruda-herencia-patriarcado_0_449355873.html
- Carballar, O. (2016). Teenage Gender Violence: “If I say I don’t want it, it hits me.” Lamarea.comhttp: //www.lamarea.com/2016/02/12/violencia-machista-adolescentes/
- González Méndez, R., Santana Hernández, JD (2001). Violence among young couples. Psychotema, vol. 13, n. 1, p. 127-131.
- Samaniego García, I., Freixas Farré, A. (2010). Study on the identification and experience of violence among adolescent couples. Psychology Notes Vol. 28, n. 3, p. 349-366.