Engaging in a legal process to have custody of a child is a complex but necessary process to ensure the well-being of children in the family setting.
This type of experiment usually requires psychological reports from expert psychologists in the field of forensic medicine and expertise, since this type of professionals are trained to collect relevant information on this subject and make what is called a parental aptitude report, a document that discusses proof that the parent is eligible for parental custody.
Below we will see in a nutshell what they are the main parenting skills and abilities assessed by the psychologist, facts that are included in the report and that help judges decide who should keep custody or whether it should be shared between the two parents.
What are the psychological aspects that are evaluated in a parental report?
These types of psychological expertise aim to establish a context of education and coexistence in which the well-being of the minor is a priority, based on what is known of the parenting skills of the adult. On this basis, this process of evaluating parenting skills should make it possible to show that the adult is capable of playing a parental role based on the following parenting skills.
1. Emotional skills
To obtain custody of the child, the parent must demonstrate that they have the essential social skills both as a functional human being and those necessary to act as a role model for the child or a child who is raised and cared for. by providing not only the material resources necessary for their survival, but also emotional and emotional support.
These emotional skills are generally good emotional management, that is, the ability to develop self-care skills regarding disorders such as excessive stress, mood problems or difficulties of all kinds on an emotional level.
In addition to this, another of the most valued skills is emotional self-control, that is, those that allow the person to regulate their emotions when necessary and develop good impulse control, without whether the boy or girl “pays” for the discomfort the adult suffers.
2. Teaching skills
The next skill measured in a parental report relates to the parent’s ability to direct, supervise and control. children’s learning course with success.
These teaching and learning skills also consist of knowing how to establish discipline instructions and learning to respect and understand the rules, instructions and rules of all kinds which allow life in society and which prepare the child for life. of adult.
3. Healthy habits
It is about knowing how to teach healthy lifestyle habits related to hygiene, good nutrition, safety and health in general. This is another of the most important elements of this type of expertise, because it has an obvious impact on the health of the child.
In this section it is necessary to have the essential knowledge about each of these healthy habits and also to know how to teach them in a didactic and understandable way for the son or daughter, at all times, with the aim of integrating them into their lives. daily. routines. .
4. Knowing how to heal and protect
It is clear that one of the essential conditions for obtaining custody of a child of a girl is to be aware of her well-being around the clock, in short, to know how to take care and protect the child from everything problem or contingency which may arise at any time.
This basic skill is essential to maintain the child’s well-being and avoid danger as much as possible.
5. Communication skills
The ability to communicate effectively with the child consists in being able to transmit all that important knowledge related to his normal growth, their learning of the world and their social relationship to the environment.
This section assesses activities such as assertiveness, that is, conveying one’s own information or points of view with respect for others; and correct use of humor and empathy, ie being able to put yourself in the son’s or daughter’s shoes at all times.
6. Supervision of evolutionary development
Any parent capable of having custody of their child must demonstrate adequate ability to adjust expectations for the child’s cognitive development and different stages of development.
This means, in short, that the father or the mother is capable of detect any problem, deficit or disorder throughout the cognitive and personal development of the childand put it in the hands of a qualified medical professional, and demand no more of your cognitive development than you should for your level of brain maturation.
A parent’s emotional bond with their children is the degree of affect between the two at any given time, and it is another of the most valued elements in parenting reports.
This bond can be understood as the emotional ties between parents and children, the love between the two, the ability to communicate effectively, the empathy and benevolence that are professed in public and in private.
8. Parent involvement
The degree of interest that parents can show towards their children this is another element that is favorably valued in parental aptitude assessments.
Being involved with children means always having a good disposition to spend time with them, do fun activities together, give them affection or recurring affection and offer them support in whatever they need.
Do you want to have psychological expertise services?
If you are looking for experts in psychology and forensic services, please contact us.
In Azor & Associates We have been working in this field for many years, as well as in the field of psychotherapeutic support. You will find us in Tres Cantos.
- Goldwaser, AM; Goldwaser, EL (2018). The forensic examination: a manual for the mental health professional. New York: Springer International Publishing
- Weiner, IB; Otto, RK, ed. (2013). The handbook of forensic psychology (fourth ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.