In 1888, the inhabitants of the district of Whitechapel (London), they lived terrified in the face of a wave of crimes that ravaged this working-class neighborhood of the end of the art. XIX.
Five prostitutes killed between August, September and November, and a flood of clues led to the search for a tireless and slippery killer who mocked the police and investigators of the time, who, even today, hui, remains unidentified positively and definitively.
Jack the Ripper victims
While it is true that over time the names of five “official” Jack the Ripper victims have become known, it is worth mentioning that up to thirteen have been attributed to him in total. All were prostitutes who sold their bodies to sailors arriving in the East End (as it was called in the area where Whitechapel was located), in exchange for a few pennies which could provide them with a roof to sleep on. death, and being able to be, a piece of rancid bread to eat, avoid coming back to spend the nights sleeping in the apartment or wandering the streets, as much had happened to them before.
Let’s see it names and dates deaths of those known as “canonical victims”:
- Mary ann nichols (Better known as “Polly” Nichols): Murdered on August 31, approximately 2 to 3:40 p.m.
- Annie chapman: September 8, around 4:20 p.m.
- Elizabeth stride: September 30, between 12:45 a.m. and 1:07 a.m.
- Catherine eddowes: Also on September 30, between 1:30 and 1:45 a.m.
- Mary jane kelly: November 9, between 2 and 3 a.m.
Four of the bodies appeared lying in the middle of the street, except for Mary Jane Kelly (the last of the five, who was in a small rental room facing the street). They had been beheaded from left to right by a violent cut which in some cases reached the spine and was made with some sort of very sharp scalpel or machete.
They had made incisions in the abdominal cavity in all but Elizabeth Stride (the fourth murdered, who was scathingly referred to as “Lucky Liz”), reaching to disperse her intestines, liver and even the uterus.
Possible identities of the killer
Mary Jane Kelly underwent amputations all over her body: in addition to removing his nose, ears and breasts, Jack left behind a strip of flesh made of shreds that looked nothing like what we said to be the beautiful and candid young woman.
Due to the shelter provided by the place where his body was found from any burrowers passing through the area, Experts suggest Jack may have given more weight to his impulses sadistic and cruel within these four walls, for the state in which the body was left had not been seen in any of the other prostitutes.
Some suspected of being Jack the Ripper
Some of the suspects who opted for the title of “Jack the Ripper” are:
In favour: Several discoveries made in September 2014 attribute to this Polish Jew the authorship of the facts. He was known to be a sexual maniac hovering around the area. According to researcher Russell Edwards, a bloody shawl belonging to Catherine Edowes contained Kosminski’s mitochondrial DNA.
against: The reasons why it could be ruled out as a suspect is that it is a shawl that does not appear typical of an almost impoverished prostitute life, in addition to the evidence that this type of DNA can provide only designates not a single culprit.
Prince Alberto Victor Eduardo
The Duke of Clarence or Eddy, grandson of Queen Victoria and future heir to the crown.
In favour: In 1970, a certain Dr Stowell told a writer of the time whom he had contacted forty years ago Caroline Acland, daughter of the personal physician of the Royal Household, Sir William Gull (who is also considered one most suspect plausible). According to the declarations of the same, his father had found a series of parchments and manuscripts in which it was related that the prince had died in 1892 from a venereal disease, specifically from syphilis, and not from an epidemic of influenza as formalized. We said that his lust and sexual depravity led him to want to explore the lands of the macabre.
against: Unfortunately for those who thought they had unmasked the killer, we know that the day after one of the crimes, the heir went to Scotland.
Sir William Gull and Freemasonry
He is the personal physician of the British Royal Family.
In favour: The Royal Conspiracy Theory maintains that Prince Edward was having an affair with a young prostitute named Annie Crook.
It was Walter Sickert (another suspect) who introduced them, without revealing Eddy’s identity to him. They would both end up getting married and having a daughter in secret. In an attempt to cover up this scandal which would overthrow the Crown and leave her heir in doubt, Queen Victoria ordered Annie to be locked up in a mental hospital so that she could undergo a lobotomy and not be able to disclose everything. that had happened. It was Gull himself who made it happen. The girl was in the care of Mary Jane Kelly, the mother’s personal friend, who attempted a full-scale blackmail operation against the Crown alongside her four friends. For this reason, Queen Victoria tasked Mr. Gull (who was an active member of Freemasonry) to suppress them. Years ago, he suffered from an embolism which left him after-effects in the form of hallucinations.
As proponents of this conjecture explain, Gull was traveling in a carriage driven by a coachman who had entangled the hapless victims to ride. Once inside the cart, Gull did the rest. The driver’s second task was the immediate theft of the site. Two Masons (Inspectors Warren and Macnaghten) were tasked with concealing the doctor’s identity so that he could complete his assignment and remove any evidence he might leave.
against: Despite the temptation of the evidence (some see signs of Masonic rituals in the killings, such as the beheadings to be performed from left to right), it seems Sir William should be ruled out as the man behind “Jack the Ripper “, because there was a lot of manipulation of evidence and dates, not to mention the inclusion and exclusion of the characters in the facts.
Famous Polish painter of the Jewish era.
In favour: From Patricia Cornwell’s book “Portrait of a Murderer: Jack the Ripper. Case Closed“ we come to the conclusion that this man is the one and undisputed assassin of Whitechapel. A tough childhood due to the almost complete amputation of her male member due to a deformity that made sex impossible, DNA samples found in provocative letters received by Scotland Yard newspapers and police station , as well as clues to crime scenes found in his paintings and known only to investigators, are some of the arguments of those in favor of his guilt.
against: Those who question it allude to the lack of specificity of mitochondrial DNA as compelling evidence, as well as the doubt of the criterion of those who see evidence of homicides in Sickert’s paintings.
Towards a sketch of the psychology of Jack the Ripper
The famous ex-agent and criminologist of the FBI Robert K. Ressler, Speaks in his book “Serial Assassins” (2005) of disorganized type assassins:
“A disorganized crime scene reflects the confusion that reigns in the killer’s mind and presents traits of spontaneity and some symbolic elements that reflect his delusions. If the body is found (…) it will likely have injuries (…) The crime scene is also the death scene, as the offender does not have enough mental clarity to move or hide the body. “(P.127-128)
This corresponds almost entirely to the Profile of JackWhoever it is, because none of the scenarios he left behind suggests an organizational model (beyond the victimology or the instrument used).
In his other book, “From Here to the Monster: One Tries to Understand Serial Killers” (2010), mentions that the fear caused by this killer in his day is due to the fact that he was one of the first to choose unknown victims, with whom he apparently had no emotional or family connection. time, “(…) the emotional components of domestic violence were understandable, and he suggested that investigations into this case led to erroneous conclusions due to this inability to understand violence against the unknown. After an in-person visit to the scene, he ruled that the police were wrong to search for “upper class individuals”. it was someone from the same social class as the prostitutes, Because of the places they frequent and the circumstances surrounding the crimes. If he had been someone of high rank, his presence in the region would not have gone unnoticed by neighbors.
He was a “disorganized killer”
As in his previous post, he maintains that “Jack the Ripper” was a disorganized assassin, due to the crescendo of violence with which he committed his death. If he had reached the zenith of his mental disorder, he would surely have been unable to continue committing these acts, so that “he would have ended up committing suicide or locking himself in a mental hospital”. Either way, he would have disappeared from society.
Finally, he adds the sexual component in the murders, despite the absence of pre- or post-mortem sex. As he wrote, “(…) the connection with the knife to the body has replaced the appearance of the penis”. The same author coined the term “regressive necrophilia” to designate this “practice of resorting to these penis replacements”.
And he continues, “In most serial killings, the preferred weapon has been the knife, followed by the strangulation method and, third, suffocation. Serial killers usually do not use pistols, because they kill from a distance and seek personal satisfaction from killing with their own hands. “(p. 79).
Another evidence in favor of a sexual component is removal of the uterus which was found in some of the corpses. Mary Jane Kelly also had both of her breasts removed, one of which she placed her ears and nose, as a grotesque decoration.
Jack the Ripper in popular culture
After 127 years, the case of “Jack the Ripper” continues to elicit the press. This infamous assassin has become an icon of popular culture and his crimes have led to multiple novels and films in which various hypotheses are studied.
For better or worse, this character continues to make headlines at this time, and we are confident that in the future new evidence will emerge that will either reinforce the hypotheses described here or that will make known other possible culprits. of these murders.
- Amat, K. (2014) Jack, the inexhaustible ripper. Retrieved 05/11/2014 from http: //www.lavanguardia.com/cultura/20141105/54418 …
- Cronwell, P. (2002) Portrait of a Murderer: Jack the Ripper, case closed. Madrid: Brosmac.
- Ressler, Robert K. and Shachtman, T., (2005) Serial killers. Barcelona: Alba Editorial Ariel.
- Ressler, Robert K. and Shachtman, T., (2010) Inside the Monster: 1 I’m trying to understand serial killers. Barcelona: Editorial by Alba.