The 24 types of offenses (explained and classified)

In each country the consideration of what a crime is can vary and greatly, however in most cases it is agreed that crimes such as rape, sexual abuse, murder or fraud are behaviors. harmful to the social fabric.

Then we go a review of the main types of crime, defining them and explaining some of their nuances in relation to other forms of crime.

    The main types of offenses

    All over the world, there are many crimes and anti-social behavior classified as crimes. While it is understood that a crime is any crime that causes injury or damage to other people, through theft, disrespect of their sexual freedom and denial of their rights at work to the worst of all: to tear his life away.

    Below we will see a long list of various actions that can be considered different types of crime. It is worth mentioning that in some we will mention what his name is in English, because in this language and the criminal codes of the United States and United Kingdom use very specific terms for certain types of crimes, nuances that we consider interesting to know . . .

    1. Assault with injuries

    Aggression refers to manifest intent to cause harm to another person. An assault is a situation in which one person scares another of being hurt.

    Assault and assault with bodily harm are generally considered to be two different types of crime, although it depends on state and country. In some cases, the two are grouped together under the label of assault and battery (in the Anglo-Saxon case: assault and battery).

    In the “injury” part, it refers to the unauthorized application of force against the body of another person.. It involves different types of behavior, including offensive touching or physical injury.

      2. Illegal detention

      Illegal detention or forcible confinement involves forcibly holding another person, against his will and under duress, threatening to be injured or killed.

      Anyone who restricts the freedom of movement of any other person without their consent and without real legal motivation can be considered the perpetrator of a case of illegal detention.

      3. Removal

      Abduction is defined as to capture or confine a person by force, without their consent. In the vast majority of countries, this act is considered a serious crime, although the specific situations considered as such may vary.

      Domestic detention of a parent or partner may not qualify as abduction, depending on the case. In addition, arbitrarily arresting someone or making them believe they are being held by an actual agent is considered kidnapping.

      4. Homicides

      Homicide includes any crime in which one person has killed another, intentionally or accidentally, directly or indirectly …

      Typically, the word homicide is used more to refer to the fact that someone has killed another person but without prior intention, simply killed them as a result of various events that occurred at the time of the commission of the crime.

        5. Murder

        Generally considered a synonym for homicide, although depending on the laws of each country and the context may or may not be differentiated. In English, this is called “murder” or “manslaughter”, differentiating it from “homicide” since in murder he is conscious, willful, and there is premeditation.

        6. Rape and sexual abuse

        Rape and sexual abuse are crimes against sexual freedom. In case of rape, in this crime the victim is forced to have sex with the abuser, under pain of injury, kidnapping, death or harm to a loved one.

        Legal consideration of rape varies from country to country, with those being clear that this is any situation in which the victim is forced to engage in sexual behavior with her abuser (eg. In some cases, only vaginal and anal penetration is considered as such.

        Sexual abuse is a form of crime against sexual freedom in which the victim is harassed by receiving some kind of sexual behavior which, even if there is no penetration of any kind, makes the victim feel humiliated. and intimidated, a feeling more than as if you were in a hostile environment.

          7. Robot

          Theft is the theft of any object from a person, whether in the street while walking, driving with his car or stealing it from his home. In English, the modality of theft without violence and generally stolen of a little value is called “theft”.

          The word “theft” refers to theft with violence and can be considered a crime against the health and integrity of the victim in the event of psychological assault and psychological damage.

          8. Flattening the house

          Known in English as “burglary”, is the situation in which a person enters someone’s house without permission, with the intention of committing a crime, mainly theft, but also includes murder and damage to private property.

          9. Fire caused

          Arson (in English “arson”) is arson of another person’s property, public property or simply the burning of objects. This type of crime is closely related to a mental disorder, pyromania, although it can also be committed with the intention of obtaining certain economic benefits, such as money from a fire insurance policy.

          10. Embezzlement

          White glove crimes are crimes that are generally committed without resorting to violence. One example is embezzlement, in which public officials such as mayors, regional or state presidents obtain public money and spend it for personal and arbitrary gain, without benefiting the taxpayer.

          11. Counterfeiting

          Counterfeiting is also considered a white glove offense. In that case any document is created, modified, imitated or elaborated with the intention of making it real, with the intention of deceiving the victims. The making of counterfeit money is also included in counterfeiting.

          12. Receipt of stolen goods

          Receiving stolen goods involves receiving or purchasing goods that are known or suspected to have been stolen or that belong to another person who has not consented to their marketing.

          13. Incitement to crime

          We consider that requesting, lobbying, hiring, ordering and guiding a person to commit a crime, even if he ultimately does not commit it, is a crime in itself under the laws of several countries.

            14. Conspiracy

            The term “conspiracy” is very broad, but in this it includes the participation of several people in the ideation of a future crime, most often with a strong social impact such as a terrorist attack, the murder of a very important person or the secession of part of the territory.

            15. Cybercrime

            Anyone who uses the Internet carelessly or without caution can be a victim of cybercrime. This word is quite broad and generally refers to any actual crime committed in the digital world, although it also includes crimes that can only be committed in cyberspace, such as posting very sensitive content such as child pornography.

            16. Illegal possession of weapons

            The illegal possession of firearms is a serious problem, as its possessor could use them without the state knowing that such a person has a lethal element among their property. For that, when it is known that a person is in possession of weapons illegally, the weapon is confiscated, in addition to taking the appropriate precautionary measures. and, if necessary, to put him in prison.

            Illegal possession of weapons also includes potentially dangerous devices which, while they shouldn’t kill anyone, can cause serious injury. Unregulated pepper sprays, tasers, and brass knuckles are an example.

            17. Cultivation of cannabis

            This crime varies greatly depending on the legality of each country. In the Spanish case, they can grow a maximum of 6 marijuana plants for personal and medicinal purposes, while in other countries like the Netherlands the cultivation of this plant is totally prohibited.

            However, the real problem is when the harvest is done productivelythat is, having an entire greenhouse full of hundreds of plants, with irrigation system, sunlight and acclimatization to get the best product. In this case, we would be talking about a clear case of illegal and unauthorized cultivation.

              18. Frau

              Fraud involves getting someone to give us a large sum of money by promising that they will get it back with interest, or that they invest it in a good cause such as an NGO or the building of a large one. project. The crime is that this money will only be invested in the recipient, which can send you to tax haven banks to prevent your home or home country from tracking accounts and uncovering the scam.

              19. Tax evasion

              In most countries of the world, there are taxes that citizens have to pay.

              Tax evasion consists of avoid paying the money the state asks us to maintain social and public structures, such as hospitals, schools, police or firefighters. Failure to properly report what is earned or pay taxes can result in fines and penalties varying from country to country, as well as becoming a social plague by not thinking about the rest of society.

              20. Illegal and undeclared workers

              In developed countries, especially the United States and the European Union, hiring irregular people can be much cheaper than hiring citizens with their papers in order.

              Illegal migrants are desperate for jobs and can survive, so they hang on to any job offer they can get. In addition, migrants in an irregular situation do not know their rights at work, so they can easily be victims of labor abuse, earning little by working hard.

              Failure to declare which workers are employed and to hire those who may be in an irregular situation may constitute an offense.. Depending on the degree of exploitation that is applied to illegal workers, we can speak of modern slavery.

              21. Domestic violence

              Domestic violence, also known as gender violence especially if it falls on a woman, is any violence that takes place in the home. It also includes child abuse, both verbal, physical and sexual, and primarily committed by a single parent.

              In domestic violence we find practically all the behaviors that make the house a dangerous place., where none of its members feel comfortable and where the victims feel in constant tension. This can include physical and verbal assault, control over money, preventing the victim from leaving the house when she wishes, and other repressive behavior, mainly towards women and children.

              22. Terrorism

              Terrorist attacks are usually sudden and unpredictable, although they are usually prepared in advance with the clear intention of causing maximum impact and human damage. The goal is to achieve as long as possible a situation of fear, terror, harming the economy and public security..

              There may be a political or religious justification behind this, but however noble the idea that those who commit the act claim to be, it is without a doubt one of the worst crimes against humanity.

              23. Genocide

              The genocide is the more or less planned execution of a large group of people for different motivations, notably religious, ethnic and national.

              It involves killing thousands, if not millions, of people in multiple ways, on the assumption that by eliminating them, the country will be a better place. It is usually a crime committed by the ruling classes, perpetrated by a military dictator or other unscrupulous head of state.

              24. Drug trafficking

              Drug trafficking is considered a crime which, although seemingly harmless to some, it can seriously harm public health. The reason is that many drugs sold in dark alleys and working-class neighborhoods are not of high quality let alone pure, being mixed with feces, hair, sand, or even cleaning products.

              These drugs are highly addictive and at the same time potentially fatal for those who consume them. In addition, they induce antisocial behavior, because depending on the drug, their users can have psychotic outbreaks, get angry to the point of hurting other people, or even killing.

              Drug addiction kills thousands of people every year, along with the loss of a lot of public money invested in detoxifying consumers and also restoring the potential damage they have done to their neighborhood and to their lives.

              Bibliographical references

              • Government of Queensland (sf) Types of Crimes. government of Queensland.
              • Victim support (sf) Type of crime. Support for victims.
              • Government of the Netherlands (sf). Forms of delinquency. Government of the Netherlands.

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