Psychology professionals are involved in a wide variety of fields that go beyond psychotherapy. Forensic psychology is an example, because the tasks performed there, although indirectly related to those of mental health care, have their own entity in the world of work and justice.
In this article we will see what they are the stages of forensic psychological expertise, A key process in forensic psychology.
The main stages of medico-psychological expertise
The fundamental tool available to forensic psychologists is the psychological expert report, an essential document in the forensic field. It is a document that includes relevant information for justice and also by some public and private entities; for example, whether or not a person suffers from psychological disorders or suffered from them at a key time in the past.
Thus, the psychological expert report is a legal, scientific, personal and non-transferable document that functions as an essential tool to solve psychological problems in the legal field, and also to provide the necessary information in inquiries based on questions about the rights and obligations of the parties concerned.
But to properly prepare and use such a report, forensic expertise has to go through several stages. They are as follows.
1. First interview
The first phase of forensic psychological expertise consists of a general analysis of the situation through an initial interview, during which psychologists carried out an assessment of the case in its entirety, as well as of the current situation and the feasibility. . psychological expertise.
In addition to this, in this first phase it is carried out an initial assessment of the documentation provided by the customer and the confidentiality and data protection agreement is signed.
2. Assessment and analysis of the documentation provided
In the second phase of the report, one or more in-depth expert interviews are conducted, unlike the previous phase, where the facts and causes that prompted the report request were analyzed, as well as the history of the person assessed.
In addition to this, at this point the forensic psychologist performs an exhaustive analysis of the documentation provided by the client (calculation of its validity taking into account the objective) and relevant psychometric tests are carried out in order to standardize the information and draw scientifically valid conclusions.
In the second phase of the psychological expert report, the collaboration of other professionals may also be requested, including other forensic pathologists and specialized criminologists.
3. Preparation of the report
We then move on to the report preparation phase, during which expert psychologists collect and translate into words all the data obtained in phase 2, with the aim of reaching the relevant conclusions.
The report includes the following phases.
3.1. Findings of the psychological forensic examination
The first part of the report consists of a summary of the conclusions, which includes the most relevant, so that the reader can identify the most important information at first sight.
3.2. Introduction, context and objectives of the psychological evaluative report
The objectives and scope of the psychological report are then presented, along with a summary of the curriculum of the Cabinet that prepared the document and of the team that was involved in this task, if applicable.
This report writing phase it also serves to place readers in essential information and to present the necessary context to understand the situation.
3.3. Sources of information, results obtained and signature
The final phase in preparing the report consists of a description of the documentation and other sources of information provided by the client, as well as the bibliography consulted.
On top of that, in this final section a discussion of the results obtained and the medico-legal conclusions is proposed, And signatures of interested parties are included.
The last phase is that of ratification by forensic psychologists, and it consists of going to court to answer the various questions who wish to formulate, during the trial, the various interested and involved parties.
As with the previous phases, this final phase may not be necessary during the process of preparing the psychological expert report.
Are you looking for forensic psychology services?
If you would like to benefit from forensic psychological expertise services, please contact us. Fr Azor and associates We have been working in this area as well as in psychotherapy for many years, and we work both in person and online. You can find more information on our website.