The 9 types of abuse and their characteristics

Suffering from abuse is one of the worst experiences a human can haveBecause the victims of these acts can not only suffer physical consequences, but the psychological consequences for them can be devastating and last a long time, even a lifetime.

Unfortunately, abuse can occur in different situations, with the partner, at work, at school, etc. In this article we will dig deeper into the different types of abuse and review their characteristics.

Profile of the abuser

The abused person can be marked for life. But, What does an abuser look like? What characteristics define it? In many cases these types of people suffer from psychological issues, some have grown up in unstructured families and in environments conducive to the development of this personality type.

Abusers are often intolerant, bossy, psychologically inflexible, aggressive, cruel and callous. But what stands out most about these types of people is that they tend to be nice at first, blackmailers, and easily take offense.

If you want to know more about individual violence, check out our article: “Profile of psychological abuser: 21 common traits”.

What types of abuse are there and what are their characteristics

There are, however, different types of abuse. What are they?

Below you can find a list with the definition and characteristics of the different classes of abuse.

1. Physical violence

Physical violence is a type of abuse in which there is more than just words, that is, there is physical violence.. Therefore, this abuse usually results in physical injury, the product of a single or repeated punishment, which can vary in extent or intensity.

The most common forms of physical violence are:

  • Scratching, hitting, biting, strangling or kicking
  • Throw an object at a person: a phone, a book, a shoe or a plate.
  • Pull your hair out
  • Push, take off
  • Take clothes
  • Grab to prevent the victim from leaving

2. Verbal, emotional or psychological violence

In emotional abuse, there is no physical contact, however, the sequelae can be more lasting than those produced by pushing, hitting or pulling the hair. It can appear with physical violence, and it is characterized by being a type of emotional violence in which these behaviors are used, among others:

  • Insults, shouting, emotional blackmail and manipulation
  • Control victim’s phone numbers, times and social media friendships
  • Constant reviews
  • Acts to embarrass in public
  • Prevent the victim from talking to relatives
  • Tell him what to do and use
  • Damage to property belonging to the mistreated person. For example, throw your phone against the wall
  • Threatening to harm the victim, their child, their family or their pet without doing so
  • Threatening to take a child

3. Child abuse

Child abuse can be of different types, for example, physical or psychological. Its main characteristic is that the victim of this type of abuse is a child, someone at a vital stage where he is particularly vulnerable.

At these ages, sequelae can last a lifetime, Although its severity varies considerably. One of the most auspicious psychological phenomena is the problem of low self-esteem and avoidant affection.

4. Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse is one of the worst forms of abuse because the aftereffects of these intimate acts can never go away.. These abuses can be in two ways: either by exerting this type of violence directly on the victim, or by sexual exploitation.

This type of abuse can manifest itself not only in very violent contact, but kissing, hugging, hugging, and even words with intimate content are classified as behaviors of this type of abuse. The psychological impact that it can generate varies depending on the nature of the aggression and certain attributes of the personality of the person attacked.

5. Intimidation

Bullying is a very popular Anglo-Saxon term today. It refers to both physical and psychological violence that occurs in the school setting. The vulnerability of people who suffer from bullying and the pain you feel is so great that they can even kill themselves in the most extreme cases, because the child also has an obligation to constantly go to school , exposing themselves to abuse.

  • You can learn more about the different classes of this phenomenon in this article: “The 5 Types of Bullying”

6. Intimidation

Bullying is virtually identical to bullying, except that occurs in the workplace. This causes serious problems for the victim, who is forced to go to work and suffer all kinds of abuse and contempt that can affect their self-esteem.

Often, bullying is aimed at forcing resignation, as firing the abused person would cause problems with the law. In other cases, it may be motivated by competitiveness and envy issues associated with an environment based on individualism.

If you would like to explore this topic further, you can read our article: “The 6 types of bullying or harassment at work”

7. Digital abuse or cyberbullying

Cyberbullying is a modern form of abuse. This type of abuse is more common in adolescence and is characterized by it takes place in the digital world and on social networks. Cyberbullying can manifest itself as follows:

  • The abuser sends negative, insulting or even threatening emails to the victim. It also sends this type of messages through Facebook, Twitter and other social networks
  • Use the abused person’s account without authorization. For example, update your Facebook status
  • He puts the victim in his status updates, trying to discredit her
  • It sends you unwanted images by digital means
  • It threatens to post and distribute material that may compromise your privacy in the 2.0 world.

8. Institutional abuse

Not only can people abuse others, but institutions, both public and private, can, through laws, rules, procedures or actions, Causing abuse, neglect and discomfort to individuals or groups of individuals.

9. Economic abuse

Abuse or abuse is a pattern of behavior used to gain and maintain power and controll, and can occur in several ways. One of them is economic violence, which can occur with any individual, but especially with the partner or the elderly. For example, within a couple, when one of the two members spends the other member’s money or prevents them from using their own purchasing power.

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