Murder is one of the most serious crimes a human being can commit, and yet one of the oldest. From prehistoric times to the present day, cases have been found of people who decided to end the lives of other people in a premeditated way. In fact, remains of massacres from over 9,000 years ago have been found.
What are the characteristics of an assassin? While there are many causes or aspects that can go into making one person decide to end the life of another, and they are unlikely to establish a clear and universal profile for all killers ( there are a variety of profiles and possible typologies of murderers). ), in this article we try to describe a generic psychological profile that deals with the subject.
Murder and homicide
We call murder the act by which one person takes the life of another intentionally, existing in the act of treason, ferocity, or compensation for doing the act. In the event that none of the above three circumstances occurs we would talk about a homicide. Murder involves premeditation and the existence of some kind of motivation on the part of the causative agent to cause death. This agent causing death by means of murder receives the name of assassin.
Murder is a blood crime punishable by law and may result in penalties ranging from imprisonment to death, depending on the law of the territory in which the accused is tried.
The reasons that lead one person to kill another they can be very varied, from revenge to obtaining resources. There are many types of killers and murderers depending on the motive of the crime, how it is committed, the number of people murdered or even the type of relationship that is established between the victim and the executioner. All of this means that a specific profile must be established for each case, and different characteristics can be found in each type of crime.
Psychological profile of the killer: common characteristics
It is extremely difficult to establish a general psychological profile of the killer figure, especially given the wide variety of possible causes of the killer’s behavior.
However, some are listed below traits and characteristics that tend to be encountered in a large proportion of cases.
1. Vision of the other as a cause of harm, threat or obstacle
Although the specific causes can be many, as a rule, the person who commits the murder he sees his victim as someone who has hurt him, Endangers their integrity or their status or that of a loved one or represents an obstacle to the achievement of a particular goal.
It could also be an act of premeditated violence against someone who looks like someone who wronged the killer, or even to satisfy a need that the subject normally has nothing to do with me.
2. High score in psychopathy
There are cases of murders that are committed against people who have no relation to the killer, as in many cases of serial killers or in cases where the killer in a contract assassin to end life of somebody.
However, the vast majority of the murders observed take place between people who know each other or the environment is linked, even if their contact has been circumstantial. This means that the killer has the ability to emotionally distance himself from the victim, which fits a psychological profile with another degree of psychopathy.
Apparently, the personalities of most murderers generally do not have major characteristics that set them apart from the rest of the population. The act of murder is not limited to a psychic structure that allows the person to stand out for the type of social skills that he possesses.
4. In many cases, low level of assurance
Although they generally behave normally, in many cases murder occurs as a result of the birth of an assault on a particular person due to varying circumstances. The killer is not able to handle the situation other than with the murder, or despite the conception of the gives priority to the death of the future victim.
5. There is not necessarily a mental disorder
There is socially the idea of identifying murder with the presence of psychopathology. However, in general, this is not the case. Usually, most murders are caused by people considered mentally in good health, As one of the most frequent hate crimes, crimes of passion or linked to economic or resource aspects.
An exception can be found in serial killers, who tend to suffer from extreme psychopathy, sociopathy, or various disorders that alter the perception of reality.
6. Gender and age
Usually the killers they are usually young or middle-aged menWhile they can also find many cases of murderers and even murderous boys and girls. Traditionally, men tend to use more aggressive methods such as knives or pistols, while women tend to use less visible methods such as poisoning, although these tendencies seem less pronounced over time.
Serial killers: profile and characteristics in common
There are many types of killers and murders, but one of the most striking traditionally for its harshness and the high number of victims it leaves behind is that of the serial killer or the serial killer.
Anyone considered a serial killer he kills at least three people intentionally and usually by premeditation within a determined period of time, these murders being separated from each other.
This type of killer can also present a great heterogeneity in terms of characteristics, but they often share some common elements. These include the following, which are mostly shared with people with psychopathy.
1. Lack of empathy
The serial killer generally uses murder as an instrument in order to make a profit, for ideological reasons, or with the intention of discharging a specific frustration or fantasy. Generally he does not tend to know how to put himself in his victim’s shoes, Above all, having no empathy. A large part of them are classifiable as psychopaths and among their motivations is a vision of a strange reality, apart from hegemonic ideologies.
2. They usually give the appearance of normalcy
With a few exceptions, in general, the serial killer does not manifest any strange elements in their behavior that lead one to think of the possibility that they are.
3. Choice of vulnerable victims
Typically, the serial killer chooses victims who may be vulnerable to their actions to be seen as weaker. that can be manipulated sort of leave them in a submissive situation. This is done to notice that you are in control at all times.
4. They can be manipulative and even seductive.
Many serial killers have a great capacity for manipulation and seduction, using these skills to achieve approach their victims easily and without undue resistance. They often establish relationships with some ease, although in general these relationships are superficial.
5. Environment of aversive origin
Lots of serial killers they come from families or unstructured environments, With a high level of violence. Many of them have experienced various types of abuse throughout their lives, making it difficult to develop empathy and concern for the environment.