Appendicitis is one of the most common reasons for surgery in young people. It is inflammation which, if not treated in time, can lead to death, so it requires emergency medical intervention.
Below we will see the symptoms, causes and treatment of appendicitis, As well as its general characteristics and the approach with which psychological support is carried out.
What is appendicitis?
Appendicitis is a type of infection that appears in the appendix, an area of the large intestine located in what is called a “blind”, What is the end at which it communicates with the small intestine. It is a small elongated room with a single entrance in the shape of an inflated balloon.
It is a part of the digestive system which, while not important for maintaining a good level of health, can become infected with relative ease.
Causes of this infection
Appendicitis infection usually occurs when a set of stool becomes clogged with the appendix and blocks it for a long time. However, it’s also possible that the problem could be from a tumor in the area, worms that parasitize the intestines, or even trauma that affects that part of the digestive tract.
The infection begins when intestinal mucosa, an accumulation of secretions begins to appear, Which increases the pressure inside this cavity. This puts pressure on the surrounding veins and arteries, which causes ischemia in the tissues of the appendix and starts a bacterial battle which leads to infection.
In contrast, the accumulation of pus in this part of the large intestine this can cause the appendix to rupture, Thus generating peritonitis (the peritoneum is a membrane that covers and protects part of the viscera.
Symptoms of appendicitis begin as moderate pain in the part of the spleen, which may be accompanied by occasional cramping. After a few hours, this pain moves down and to the right side of the lower abdomen, several inches above the groin (in this half of the body).
too much a high or moderate fever usually appears and typical symptoms of gastroenteritis.
Diagnosis is made by obtaining data through several routes. These are mainly:
- abdominal palpation
- Analysis of blood, urine and feces
- Abdominal ultrasound and CT scan
- Information revealed by patients, referring to the pain experienced (in normal situations and during palpation).
It should be noted that no diagnostic method is infallible in itselfAnd that is why it is important to keep in mind that these data are always combined and at the same time the possibility of another disease, such as gastroenteritis, is assessed.
Once appendicitis has appeared and identified as such, all possible medical interventions go through surgery. The procedure basically involves removing the inflamed appendix as a liquid concentrated around it. If peritonitis has also been generated, it is usually necessary to leave the wound open for general washing of the area and to close it later by stitching.
It is important to perform the surgery as soon as possible prevent him from piercing the appendix, Which could lead to a chain reaction of infections, multiple organ failures and death.
Psychological support for the patient
Considering the frequency of appendicitis in young people, it is very possible for the patient to feel scared and intimidated by both the pain and fever and the prospect of having surgery in any area of the patient. vital organs.
That is why it is of great importance, first of all, report on the nature of appendicitis, A disease which, if treated in time, will not go away, but which must be treated urgently-
It should also be noted that the removal of the appendix, although it affects an area as large as the large intestine, does not significantly affect the quality of life, and after the operation normal life will continue.
On the other hand, it should also be noted that the surgery it will leave a scar several centimeters apart (Usually 3 or 4) in the lower abdomen, to the right, diagonally. This is an area that can be exposed with some common clothing as well as swimwear.
It can damage your self-image if you have very high expectations that the surgery will leave everything as it is, which is why it is necessary to approach the intervention in another way: as a measure which, despite a High percentage of success guarantee, it is urgent and done to avoid very serious problems that could lead to death.