Here are the 8 dangers of self-medication

Self-medication is a practice that has spread among the general population over the past few decades and often leads to a series of health problems and dangers.

We can define self-medication as the tendency to self-administer all types of medications without the supervision, prescription, or intervention of a physician or medical professional.

It is common to self-medicate to treat minor problems such as headaches or fever; however, to treat more serious problems such as certain diseases, we must avoid self-medication, as it can put our health at risk in many ways. So let’s see what are the risks associated with the practice of self-medication.

    The main risks and dangers of self-medication

    To avoid the multiplication of this type of practice, we will see below what are the main dangers of frequent self-medication.

    1. Confusing medications

    One of the main dangers to which people who practice self-medication can be exposed is the error of confusing one drug with another.

    This sometimes happens by assuming that the box of pills in the house is the type of medicine we need for our particular disease, although it has a lower commercial number.

    Taking a specific drug believing it’s what we need and using another one can have really negative consequences. for their own health, as well as exposing us to possible side effects that the drug may cause.

    To prevent this from happening, we must take into account the indications of a qualified doctor, who will always prescribe the best option for our case, clarifying their number, if there are several.

      2. Getting the recommended dose wrong

      All medications must be administered in a certain way so that its active ingredient has the specified effect on a specified persontaking into account their particular characteristics (for example, their sex or their age).

      People who self-medicate usually ignore this basic rule and usually make a mistake with the administered dose they ingest of a particular medication.

      This results in an increased risk of poisoning when a higher than recommended dose is consumed or a decrease in the effect of the active ingredient if the dose is too low, with which the disease is not treated.

        3. Increased risk of allergic reactions

        Badly administered drugs can cause allergies that are very dangerous for our health if they are not prescribed by a doctor, which is why it is so important to always have the corresponding prescription for each drug that we are going to consume.

        sometimes it may happen that we do not remember past allergic reactions and we use a drug that causes us this particular allergy, something that can put our health at risk. Therefore, medical professionals consider our past allergic reactions.

        4. Increased risk of side effects

        Taking medication incorrectly, that is, without the supervision of a healthcare professional, can increase the risk of suffering side effects. It should be borne in mind that practically all drugs can generate these undesirable effects to a greater or lesser extent, so the medical indications are adapted to the best ways to minimize risk and stop treatment if these problems arise.

        A side effect can be, for example, taking pills that can cause stomach ulcers without having eaten anything before, drowsiness or the risk of developing hepatitis.

        5. They increase the chances of becoming addicted

        Another of the most common dangers of taking a drug on your own is the increased risk of becoming addicted to that drug, as many of them can have this long-term effect on the body. This happens especially with psychotropics and other products that they have the ability to change how our brain works.

        The supervision of a specialized doctor will ensure that we take the appropriate and corresponding dose, necessary to avoid any type of addiction to said drug.

          6. Drug resistance

          Frequent or incorrect use of certain drugs makes it easier for the pathogens they have to fight to develop drug resistance.

          It means that the drugs no longer have an effect against the disease they are supposed to treat, or the effect is very minimalsomething that can happen very easily if we take any medication indiscriminately and unsupervised.

          7. Interactions with other drugs

          Some medications can lose their effect when they interact with other medications the person may be taking or when they come in contact with certain foods or drinks.

          It is something that must be taken into consideration every time we take a medicine and that we can hardly take into account without having a professional prescription from a doctor who knows our case perfectly.

          8. Masking of other diseases

          Administering medications not recommended by anyone can also mask other serious illnesses that may go undetected by medical professionals.

          This makes it difficult to detect all types of diseases and therefore their subsequent diagnosis. and treatment

          Bibliographic references

          • Azanza, JR (2006), A Practical Guide to Central Nervous System Pharmacology. Madrid: ed. Creation and design.
          • Lopez Pinero, JM (2000). Brief history of medicine. Madrid, Alliance.

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