How to treat mouth sores and canker sores (in 8 steps)

Most of the population will have had a sore mouth at some point in their life.

These types of injuries are often painful and annoying in multiple activities that are very common in everyday life, How to eat and communicate orally. This is why we proceed in this article to the visualization of eight steps or indications in order to accelerate the healing of wounds or canker sores. However, we first take a look at what canker sores are and look at some possible reasons why they can occur.

Canker sores: what are they?

We call sores or canker sores a ulcer-like lesions that appear inside the oral cavity, Frequently in the inner area of ​​the lips and cheeks. These lesions tend to cause tingling, burning, and pain, and episodes of fever can also occur.

Although they are a nuisance to those who suffer from them, they are usually not a serious problem, they are not contagious and in fact they tend to go away on their own.

Possible causes

The causes that can cause these ulcers are very diverse, highlighting the following:

1. Friction or physical injury

The cause of mouth sores can be very varied. In this sense, they often appear due to physical injuries, such as bites. It is also common for sores, canker sores and other ulcers to appear in people who wear orthodontics, due to the continuous friction with the oral walls.

2. Infection

Another possible etiology of canker sores can be found in the bacterial infection, Which may have been caused by many different causes.

3. Nutritional deficiencies

Lack of iron, vitamins, minerals and other essentials in our diet can also cause canker sores., By producing weakness in the body and immune system and not having enough nutrients to function. In fact, it tends to be one of the most common causes of sores, and a visit to the doctor is recommended so that they can give us more effective dietary guidelines.

4. Stress

Continuous stressful situations can lead to a weakened immune system. This makes the body weaker in the face of bacterial attacks and problems such as anemia and nutritional deficiencies appear more regularly, which is why the appearance of canker sores in high stress situations is more common. In addition, stress can lead to stopping or ceasing behaviors that increase the risk of sores.

5. Other causes

Hormonal changes, changes in the pH of the digestive tract, or even food allergies have also been linked to the formation of sores in the oral cavity. The etiology is, as we can see, very varied.

Eight steps or remedies to heal wounds and canker sores

After contemplating what they are and how they can happen, it is legitimate to wonder what we can do about this awkward phenomenon.

1. Use of salt

It is a traditional remedy, economical and effective. Just dissolve a tablespoon of salt in a glass of lukewarm water and wash with it. It is recommended to do this process two to three times a day. The reason for its effectiveness is that sodium chloride is a very effective natural antiseptic.

2. Using baking soda

Also a very effective antisepticYou can make a small poultice with water and baking soda, so you can apply it to the painful area, then rinse your mouth. Washes can also be done with this, as in the previous case. As with salt, it acts as an antiseptic which reduces the alkalinity of the mouth.

3. Application of hydrogen peroxide

It is also used to prevent infections. On this occasion, it suffices to apply the product on an ear stick or a cotton ball and then apply it to the wound, several times a day. It is a quick method of healing, and the sore in question may go away in two or three days. It is important to be careful not to swallow hydrogen peroxide, as it can be dangerous.

4. Pain treatment: ice

The use of ice is an effective way to soothe the pain caused by canker sores, In addition to reducing inflammation. However, it tends to be a slightly slower healing process.

5. Mouthwash

Like salt and baking soda, it acts as an effective antiseptic, Reduce the risk of infection. You can use the commercial rinse or just use a mixture of vinegar and water. It is recommended to do the rinsing twice a day.

6.Lower oral pH: consumption / application of yogurt

Ingestion of this product changes the bacterial composition of the mouth and change its degree of acidity by acting on the pH. It applies directly to the injury, although the mere consumption of the product already has a positive effect

7. Milk of magnesia

It is used to change the pH of the mouth, so that the bacteria responsible for ulceration are fought off. The way to use it is to apply it to the sores several times a day, preventing the bacterial infection which can cause the sore by lowering the acidity of the mouth.

8. Diet changes

Wound formation can often be caused by a lack of nutrients essential in our body. Therefore, it is essential to maintain a varied diet including iron, vitamins and minerals. Eating fruits, vegetables, and grains are helpful, simple, and preventative tips. It is also recommended to avoid acidic or spicy foods.

Other similar injuries

Canker sores are very common injuries that 80% of the population has had or will have at some point in their lifeOften on a recurring basis. However, there are other modifications which have a similar presentation to those which can be confused. Two of them are:

1. Oral herpes

The differentiation between canker sores and cold sores is complex because the physical appearance of the ulcerative lesion is similar.. However, herpes and canker sores differ in their causes: herpes is caused by a virus, is contagious, and can also appear in other areas of the face other than the mouth. In the case of canker sores, the lesion is confined to the oral area and since they are not caused by viruses, they do not cause infection.

2. Syphilitic chancre

It is a painless and solitary ulceration, red and usually rounded, Which appears to be the first manifestation of syphilis. Although it tends to appear on the sexual organs, it can also appear on the lips during unprotected oral sex. Like sores, over time it goes away, but in the case of syphilis to continue to affect the virus throughout the body.


Although the presence of oral ulcers is common in the population, the presence of these very frequently or continuously may indicate the presence of a medical problem.

Therefore, if the case arises, it would be advisable to seek medical help, as it is possible that you have anemia, illness or poor diet or a poor hygiene habit that facilitates ulceration.

Leave a Comment