Like other animals, humans need food to survive. Our body is a complex machinery that requires several types of nutrients, such as proteins, fats, fibers and minerals, carbohydrates … and vitamins.
The importance of the latter is known to all, because they are involved in a large number of fundamental processes: we need them for our body to function properly.
Most people get all the vitamins and nutrients they need from different actions, including food or sun exposure. However, sometimes there are circumstances and problems in which pharmacological help may be needed to combat their deficiency, for example by using different types of vitamin supplements.
One of them is Neurobion, Which we will talk about throughout this article.
What is Neurobion?
Neurobion or Nervobion is a drug or medication in the form of a multivitamin complex. which is known to help fight inflammation and pain caused by lack of certain vitamins. Specifically, it is made up of a combination of three vitamins: B1, B6, and B12 (also known as thiamine, pyrodoxine, and cyanocobalamin).
These vitamins are important for metabolism and the transformation of food into energy, the production of blood cells and the proper functioning of the immune system, so their absence or deficiency in these vitamins can have serious repercussions and only cause symptoms such as as fatigue, tingling, pain, anemia, inflammation and even paralysis and loss of feeling.
This medicine is mainly found in two types of presentations: as tablets for oral consumption (usually taken with food) or as an injection for intramuscular administration. In the latter they can find pre-filled double-chamber syringes or blisters in which he just injects.
It is metabolized in the liver (in the case of vitamin B12, it is also stored in this organ) and is mainly eliminated by the kidneys in the case of vitamins B1 and B6, while by the bile in the case of B12 .
Main uses and indications
There are many conditions that can alleviate or benefit from the administration of Neurobion.
As a multivitamin complex, one of the most common indications is the states of deprivation, deficiency or lack of the lasa vitamins that compose it, which in turn can be associated with different conditions.
Among these conditions we can find, even if there is a deficiency of vitamins B1, B6 and B12, the following: anemia (as long as it is of a type in which there is a deficiency of these vitamins, otherwise it would be contraindicated), restrictive diets (for example in case of anorexia), suffering from infections and weakened immune system, chronic alcoholism or the elderly (although in this case with caution). People with diabetes may also have indicated it if they are deficient in this group of vitamins.
Furthermore, another of its main indications is in the treatment of different types of neuropathies or alterations of the nervous system, either by inflammation or by compression. In this sense highlights its role in the treatment of neuralgia and neuritis, which often cause pain, paresthesia and tingling due to the involvement of different nerve fibers.
For example, different diabetic neuropathies, sciatica or intercostal neuralgia are included. It is also indicated for pain and muscle cramps, gout or low back pain.
Despite being a multivitamin complex, Neurobion is still a medicine, the use of which may involve certain risks and cause unwanted effects.. This is especially relevant when used in excess or if consumed without a deficiency of these vitamins, as an excess of vitamins can have adverse effects.
In this sense and although rarely, some of the side effects may be allergic reactions, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, eczema (in some cases necrosis at the injection site) or changes urination (red urine, a condition called chromatism).
In prone individuals, it can contribute to the onset of gout and can sometimes lead to neurological symptoms. In exceptional cases (although existing), they can lead to colitis, bleeding, insomnia, liver and / or kidney problems or seizures, as well as reactions of anemia and low platelets and white blood cells.
Neurobion, while useful in helping to prevent or combat certain conditions and discomforts, may have harmful effects as above and is contraindicated for certain sections of the population.
Specifically, it is contraindicated in pregnant women (Too much can affect neural development and even lead to dependence) and infants, in addition to those with kidney or liver failure. People who are allergic and hypersensitive to these vitamins should also not take them, nor should people with amblyopia (lazy eye), smoking, Leber’s disease or being treated with levodopa (a drug frequently used by example for the treatment of symptoms of Parkinson’s disease).
It is also contraindicated in children under the age of fourteen, and is particularly prohibited in children under the age of three (because in them it can be toxic and sometimes cause serious respiratory problems and potentially fatal). It can interact with different drugs, often reducing their effects.
Among them are altretamine, the aforementioned levodopa, contraceptives, immunosuppressants, anti-tuberculosis drugs or antihypertensives. For this reason, you should consult your doctor about the adequacy of your intake.
Spanish Agency for Medicines and Health Products. (2018). Technical sheet: Nervobión 5000 solution for injection. Ministry of Health, Social Policy and Equality. Spain.
Center for State Control of Medicines, Medical Equipment and Devices (2013). Summary of product characteristics: Neurobión® DC 25,000. CECMED. Cuban Ministry of Public Health. Cuba.