The plant kingdom is vast and we can find there countless species of plants that make up the rich array of living things that inhabit the earth.
And many of these herbs have been found to have interesting properties in many different areas, so some of them are edible for us and even beneficial for our health. Benefits that can include nourishing us, helping us fight disease or improving our health, or even improving our appearance.
Sage is an example, being known and used since ancient Greece. There are many properties of sageAnd that’s why throughout this article we’ll be focusing on reviewing some of the most popular.
What is this plant?
We call wise one a well-known aromatic plant, which is part of the lamiaceae family (Like oregano or basil) and has been widely available and widespread in Mediterranean countries since ancient times.
It is a type of plant of great versatility in its use. For example, it is used decoratively in beads or in gardening, it is used as a condiment in different stews and dishes, and is part of different incenses, perfumes and cosmetics for its pleasant aroma as well as health effects.
The applications given to this vegetable are therefore very diverse, ranging from from the cosmetics industry to food or even as a medicinal plant. Regarding the latter, this is actually where its name comes from, derived from the terms salus and salvare (health and saving respectively), always emphasizing its positive effects on the body.
Properties of sage
As one can guess from its constant use throughout history in a large number of areas, sage has many properties. Below we will explain some of the main ones, especially regarding its effect on our health.
However, keep in mind that some of its properties may not be so positive: its consumption is not indicated in people with kidney problems, allergies, epilepsy or during pregnancy or breastfeeding (It has abortive properties). Its oil should not be ingested, as it can be toxic due to components such as terpene ketones, thujona, or camphor. It can also help induce seizures and in high doses it can be neurotoxic.
Among the positive properties, the following stand out.
1. It has antibiotic effects
One of the healthy properties of sage is that it strengthens the immune system, helping to kill bacteria and serving as an antiseptic for wounds and infections (This is why it is used as a component in some mouthwashes or creams).
The fact that a significant proportion of tannins are found in sage contributes to soothe gastrointestinal problems, Among other things, can help calm intestinal motility and reduce the emission of feces (eg in case of diarrhea) given its astringent effects.
3. Rich in antioxidants
The use of sage as a condiment has the advantage of having an interesting quantity of antioxidants that prevent oxidative damage to tissues, Contributes to wound healing, skin health (also in its cosmetic use) and even the maintenance of brain health and function.
4. Reduce blood sugar
Another of the properties of sage is that it is hypoglycemic, which leads to a decrease in blood sugar. This makes its use useful for diabetics to lower their blood sugar. Of course, provided that it is only used as an aid (never as a substitute for medicine).
5. Invigorates and stimulates appetite
Sage has been found to be useful for treat muscle weakness, lack of energy and asthenia. It also stimulates appetite and activity. However, people with psychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder should avoid its use in this regard, as it can promote the onset of symptoms.
6. Relieves gastrointestinal discomfort
Sage tea has been shown to have some utility in reducing the discomfort and discomfort of minor ailments of the digestive tract, reducing pain and gastrointestinal motility.
7. Relaxing effect
Although apparently contrary to the above effect, another of the properties of sage is that in infusion it allows muscle relaxation. It has been observed that helps fight insomnia, often using chamomile, And seems to help reduce anxiety levels while in turn being invigorating.
8. It is anti-inflammatory
Sage is a plant with anti-inflammatory properties, for example reducing the discomfort of gastric or digestive problems and contributing to the relaxation of tight muscles.
9. Helps improve gynecological problems
One of its most traditional uses is related to gynecological disorders and alterations, especially with regard to fires and climate-specific alterations. It also promotes the menstrual cycle, helping in the generation of estrogen. Likewise, the aforementioned anti-inflammatory effects also help reduce cycle discomfort.
10. Strengthens hair and skin
Sage is a component often found in cosmetics such as creams and oils, promoting healthy hair and be useful in certain types of dermatitis and when disinfecting the skin (while promoting healing).
11. Promotes cognitive activity
Sage also appears to increase cognitive functionality and studies are even underway that suggest that patients with Alzheimer’s disease show a slight improvement in mental activity and functionality, for example in the case of memory.
- Drew, BT, González-Gallegos, JG, Xiang, CL, Kriebel, R., Drummond, CP, Walker, JB, and Sytsma, KJ, (2017). “Wise united: the best for the greatest number.” Taxon, 66 (1), pp. 133-145.
- Sutton, John (2004). The Gardener’s Guide to Growing Salvias. New York: Workman Publishing Company