The 7 types of feces (and what diseases or problems they indicate)

Food is a process by which living things incorporate a number of nutrients into their bodies from products other than the subject himself. But the feeding process also generates waste and food scraps that cannot be digested and must be expelled from the body.

This waste takes the form of excrement, which is eliminated by defecation. But the feces that we expel are not always the same, and sometimes we can be concerned that there may be problems with possible abnormalities in our stool.

The presence of different types of excrement they can offer a wealth of information about our digestion or our state of health. In fact, there are even classifications of feces that seek to analyze signs of disease or possible problems. One example is the Bristol Stool Scale, which classifies our stools into a total of seven types of stools. These are the seven types that we will talk about in this article.

    Stool: basic definition

    While this is a term we all understand as defecation is something we all practice, it may be helpful to look at the seven types of feces to revisit the concept of feces.

    We call feces or feces, among many more familiar names, in the set of fecal-type residual materials which is expelled through the anus in solid or liquid form. These are the leftovers from the food we eat, especially the parts that cannot be absorbed by the digestive system as well as the remnants of cells in the intestinal walls that have flaked off during the digestion process.

    But as we have already said, feces are not always the same but can have different consistencies and shapes. It’s not just formal, but provides information on how the digestive process was, And could even be an indication of the presence of some sort of weathering or disorder. This is why scales were generated to be able to compare and analyze the type of excreta produced.

      Types of stools according to the Bristol stool scale

      One of the main scales used to assess feces is the Bristol Stool Scale, which divides the different types of feces into seven. This scale is very useful for doctors because it allows patients to identify the type of stool they usually excrete and facilitate the identification of potential problems. The seven main types of feces are as follows.

      Type 1: goat droppings

      These are feces in the form of small hard fragments in the form of nuts, difficult to excrete, resembling goat feces. These small fragments barely contain water. This type of stool usually appears in people with severe constipation, having long been food for the digestive system. The subject generally lacks fiber in their diet.

      They can also appear before obstructions in the digestive tract or megacolon.

      Type 2: earthy sausage, composed of ball-shaped structures

      This type of hez is generally healthier than the previous one, although it is also generally typical of restricted people (Although less serious than the previous one). The stool is in the form of a single elongated sausage, but in which it can perceive large balls as in the previous case. They have a hard consistency, which also indicates a lack of fiber in the diet. Although it is indicative of some constipation, it usually doesn’t have a serious implication.

      Type 3: crushed sausage

      Although it looks like type 2, in this case we find a type of deposit in which we observe a single structure, Although it is possible to observe that they go through different cracks and small bumps. In this case, we are dealing with a feces of soft consistency, and it is one of those considered to be feces indicative of a normative digestive process.

      Type 4: soft sausage

      The considered with type 3 as the ideal, this type of excrement it is characterized by a unique and smooth shape. It would be shaped like a sausage or sausage with no cracks or bumps, and a soft consistency. This would indicate normal digestion.

      Type 5: pieces of pasty dough with defined edges

      These types of feces would tell us that a possible fiber deficit and relatively fast and trouble-free traffic. They are pieces of fecal mass with well-defined edges, pasty in consistency.

      Type 6: pasty fragments with irregular edges

      This type of excrement is characterized by being almost liquid, appearing only fragments, the edges of which are difficult to recognize. It is usually produced during times of mild diarrhea, Usually appearing in the face of indigestion or viral processes and can cause dehydration.

      Type 7: completely liquid feces

      This last type of hez corresponds to situations in which food has passed through the digestive system very quickly, appearing in situations of acute diarrhea of ​​great importance. The feces are completely liquid, in the form of a puree, no solid element appearing. This type of feces occurs at times when there is a risk of dehydration.

      Color is also important

      The above types are especially important in identifying what our droppings are like, but there are other factors such as color that they can indicate different problems. In this sense, it is necessary to consider what the following colors imply.

      1. Brown feces

      Brown is the usual color of feces, indicating normality. coloring it can be lighter or darker depending on the diet.

      2. Green droppings

      Although it may seem striking, the green color of the stool it comes from a diet rich in vegetables with chlorophyll or from taking certain medications. They are common in the first week of life. It can also indicate food intolerances, gallbladder blockages, or rapid bowel movements.

      3. Yellow feces

      A yellow color in the stool can be a sign of more serious problems. This occurs as an effect of excess fat in the stool. You may report liver problems (including hepatitis), gastric reflux problems, gallstones, certain bacterial infections, or celiac disease.

      4. Red faeces

      The red color of the stool can come from foods such as beets or tomatoes. However, especially when they appear in feces or in toilet water, this may be due to the presence of blood in the stool. It can come from injuries to the lower digestive system.

      5. Black or dark feces

      The presence of black stools can be an indication of danger. This is usually due to the presence of bleeding or bleeding at the top of the digestive tract (Which can occur even after cancer or ulcer), such as upset stomach or excess iron. Consuming large amounts of certain foods can also generate them. Requires a doctor’s appointment.

      6. White feces

      This is not common, but it can also happen that the feces are white or whitish. It’s abnormal and this may indicate obstructions, lack of bile, or liver or pancreatic problems. Lymph node problems or certain tumors can also cause them. The consumption of certain drugs can also generate this coloration. In the event that our feces are white, we urgently need to go to the doctor.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Martínez, AP and d’Azevedo, GR (2012). Translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the “Bristol Stool Form Scale”. Tower. Latin-Am. Nursing, 20 (3).
      • Ricard, F (2008). Treatise on visceral osteopathy and internal medicine. Volume II. Digestive system written by François. Buenos Aires; Madrid: Editorial Mèdica Panamericana.

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