Tinnitus: a problem that affects our daily life

Tinnitus or tinnitus is a problem for both the doctor and the patient, classically defined as the perception of one or more sounds without any source of external emission.

If your perception is only a few seconds, you can consider it normal, however if it lasts several hours or several days, it is necessary to consult an otolaryngologist. It is estimated that in Spain more than 800,000 people suffer from it.

    Treatments for tinnitus

    The causes, as well as the treatments, are however multiple the most important thing is to make a correct diagnosis and to exclude organic causes.

    It is essential to assess the psycho-emotional component of tinnitus. The therapist’s vision must be multidisciplinary, based on the intervention of the otolaryngologist, the psychologist or psychiatrist and the audiologist or hearing-aid acoustician.

    In the therapies we find: pharmacology, vagal stimulation, acoustic stimulation therapy, transcranial magnetic therapy, training therapy and psychological habituation, and laser phototherapy, which acts biologically with its own physical changes. -chemicals. Anyway, it will be the specialist doctor who will assess the appropriate treatment for each patient.

    Vagal stimulation and its effectiveness in the treatment of tinnitus

    Vagal stimulation seeks to regulate the vagal nuclei of the brainstem by stimulation of the endings that this system has in the atrium.

    The function of maintaining internal functional balance (homeostasis) depends on the autonomic nervous system, which participates in the so-called “physiological expression of stress”. With the help of vagal stimulation, it is possible to compensate for the situation of physical and mental stress resulting from multiple situations.

    Vagal stimulation it is particularly indicated for treating alterations linked to anxiety and / or stress such as tinnitus, the treatment of compulsive behaviors and addictions, sleep disorders, mood disorders, as well as for the treatment of painful processes.

    It is a gentle and painless treatment that is very effective and has a large body of literature that reflects its benefits and effectiveness.

    Many of the events that happen to us in our lives can be described as stressful.. A stressful phenomenon, according to the WHO, is “anything that generates reactions in the body to prepare it for action or, what would be the same, prepare it to adapt to a new situation”. What is new about all of this is that we currently know what kinds of reactions or changes are happening and where they are doing it.

    We are subjected to many stressful situations (emotional impacts, experiences generating excessive stress, prolonged worries, aggressive treatments, even a way of living too quickly and with many difficulties) and therefore doomed to our body generating reactions and functional imbalances. internal.

    The function of maintaining internal functional balance (homeostasis) depends on the autonomic nervous system, Which consists of two subsystems: the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). This essential regulatory system is complex and consists of both nuclei located in the central nervous system and nerves that help regulate various target organs.

    The perception of assaults and suspected threats to our biological system results in decreased vagal tone and increased sympathetic tone, and this imbalance is what can be used to develop definitions of stress.

    This imbalance of our own autonomous system can lead to the appearance of various pathologies, Among others, tinnitus, which, if it responds to an anxious pathological basis, is suitable to receive vagal stimulation therapy with satisfactory results.

    If many of the circumstances already mentioned in this article and which have been qualified as stressful generate a change in our internal physiological balance (due to a decrease in vagal parasympathetic tone, which generates symptoms of a very varied nature), but also situations that they can chronic and, therefore, with the ability to produce sequels, it is logical to think that if we supported the vagal tone, by means of its stimulus through the atrium, Both the severity of the symptoms resulting from the imbalance and the appearance of some of these manifestations and possibly the chronicity of these alterations can be avoided. which will generate the consequences.

    Combination treatment at the Lasery clinic

    At the Lasery Clinic, Dr. Hack, specialist in otolaryngology and head and neck pathology, and Eva Mª Beteta Marc, psychologist, collaborate in the treatment of tinnitus patients from both disciplines from an integrated perspective of the same. That is to say to apply on the one hand the medical treatment, consisting in the administration of an orthomolecular nutrition for the auricular and laser sessions in the auditory pavilion and, on the other hand, the psychological treatment, which, in in turn, combines vagal stimulation therapy with psychological guidelines that help reduce stress and anxiety that may promote maintenance of symptoms.

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