Sex is an important part of our life, being more than just intercourse and being one of the greatest physical and sensory pleasures you can enjoy. Although throughout history this has been taboo and censored, luckily over time we have been able to see how sensuality and sexuality have become more and more naturalized in recent decades, with the enjoyment of this element something sought after and desired in the usual way today. .
However, unprotected sex can have consequences: the possibility of becoming infected with a sexually transmitted disease upon the onset of an unwanted pregnancy. This is why prophylaxis is very important, using products like condoms to eliminate or minimize the risks.
Regarding the possibility of pregnancy, there is also another type of product very common in women (both for this purpose and for others): oral contraceptives. These are drugs which, by their action in the body, seek to prevent pregnancy. One of them is Yasmin, Which we will talk about throughout this article.
What is Yasmin and how does it work?
It is named after Yasmin brand of a type of reversible contraceptive developed by Bayer, which works from the administration of hormones in the body of those who consume them. More precisely, we are dealing with a combined hormonal contraceptive, which is characterized by the fact that it is composed of more than one active ingredient that has an effect on the body.
It is a relatively common drug which is sold in the form of film-coated tablets, each package containing in its most common presentation a total of 21 tablets which must always be taken daily at the same time. Once completed, a week’s rest should be allowed (when your period should be), after which, even if your period is not over, the next pack should start.
Its mechanism of action is based on the introduction of hormones into the bodySpecifically, two of them: drospirenone (3 mg per tablet) and ethinylestradiol (0.03 mg per tablet).
The first is a type of progestin, synthetic substances similar to progesterone, which helps to regulate the menstrual cycle (and during pregnancy, to protect and maintain pregnancy) and has an antiandrogenic and antimineralocorticoid effect.
Ethinyl estradiol is a type of estrogen which alone is useful in helping to control the symptoms of menopause or the development of sexual characteristics, but which, in combination with the above, serves as a contraceptive by not allowing ovulation while altering the endometrium and increasing the density of vaginal fluid.
Yasmin is marketed in a large number of countries, With a price which can vary enormously depending on the location. For example, in Spain, its average price in the aforementioned presentation varies between € 14.85 and € 16.95, while in Colombia it can reach 60,500 pesos (although soon its price will be reduced) and in Mexico, it can be found between 230 and 244.50 pesos.
However, because despite its effectiveness, it has also been observed that its consumption can cause significant side effects and has even been associated with deaths from thrombosis, in countries where initially, if it was currently distributed, it remained to be prescribed , like the Netherlands or the United Kingdom.
Yasmin is like we said a contraceptive, being as such its most common indication to prevent pregnancy. In this sense, it is a drug of high efficiency, although it should be borne in mind that it has no action or avoids the possibility of sexually transmitted infections.
However, although it is not indicated in the leaflet, it is common for some doctors to prescribe it to treat menstrual disorders such as irregularities or excessive bleeding, as well as in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome.
finally It has also been used in the treatment of acne or sometimes in premenstrual dysphoric disorder, although these effects are usually secondary to contraceptive use.
Side effects and risks
As we mentioned earlier, Yasmin can be an effective contraceptive, but the truth is that its use also comes with the possibility of side effects.
As more common side effects, we can observe that taking this drug is associated with headache, gastrointestinal discomfort, weight gain, blood pressure disorders, Changes in menstruation (breakthrough bleeding) or pain in areas such as the breasts or abdomen, depressed mood or vaginal fungal infection. It can also increase the level of potassium in the blood.
Libido disturbances, rash, fluid retention, weight changes, itching, asthma, galactorrhea, or hearing disturbances can also occur.
But one of the most serious risks and possible side effects is definitely the fact that using Yasmin increases the risk of thrombosis and thromboembolism, In which blood clots form that can clog arteries and veins (which, as we reflected above, has sparked debate about its level of danger and legal action against the manufacturer due to the existence of serious cases and even all deaths). This risk is higher during the first year of treatment or when you return to it after quitting.
Yasmin is a strong medicine which can cause serious side effects and may be particularly dangerous for certain sections of the population who will find it contraindicated.
To begin with and given the fact that it increases the risk of suffering from thrombi, it is totally contraindicated in patients with people who have or have had some type of thrombus or embolism before or that they are at greater risk than usual of suffering from it.
It should also not be taken by people who have had a heart attack, angina or stroke, or who have a blood clotting disorder. diabetic people, Especially if there are lesions in the blood vessels, they also contraindicated it. Likewise, people who have or have had cancer of the liver, breasts or genitals, vaginal bleeding of unknown cause, or kidney or liver failure should avoid it.
In addition to all this, people who are allergic to any of its ingredients should also not take Yasmine. It should not be taken during pregnancy and is not recommended while breastfeeding. Finally, its consumption of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs is contraindicated, and if you are taking other drugs, you should consult your doctor carefully.
- Vidal Vademecum Spain. (2014). YASMIN Comp. recub. with 3 / 0.03 mg film. [Online]. Available at: https://www.vademecum.es/medicamento-yasmin_prospecto_63576.