Review of beliefs: what it is, types and how it works

Review of beliefs: what it is, types and how it works

Suppose we have a database or computer program that contains, among other information, the following logically encoded data: All North American coyotes are gray. Rescued animal is a coyote The coyote found is from Washington. Washington is a North American state If our program is able to make logical inferences, the result of the operation …

Hick’s Law: What It Is and What It Tells Us About Decision Making

Hick's Law: What It Is and What It Tells Us About Decision Making

There are different laws to explain some basic principles of how our everyday world works. These laws include patterns that frequently repeat (or appear to repeat) in many different areas. Most of these laws focus on describing simple aspects of life, but they accurately represent what happens to us every day. Intuition and observation can …

What are the benefits of thinking slowly?

What are the benefits of thinking slowly?

People often tend to use mental shortcuts in their day-to-day life in order to make decisions as quickly as possible. This resource had a very important survival utility in the past and is also very useful in many cases today; however, it’s not always best to think quickly. Among the advantages of thinking slowly, we …

The generation effect: what is it and how to use it to learn better?

The generation effect: what is it and how to use it to learn better?

For decades several psychologists have devoted themselves to the study of a psychological phenomenon as complex as it is interesting, that is the memory of the human being and the different types into which it can be subdivided (eg short-term memory, long-term memory). long-term, declarative, procedural, etc.), as well as the processes that are put …

Understand the types of intelligence that exist

Understand the types of intelligence that exist

There are types of intelligence we should all know about by exploring who we are; Knowing this helps us grow as people. The keys to understanding the types of human intelligence This is a summary of ideas to consider in understanding the types of intelligence that exist. 1. Deep intelligence People with deep intelligence They …

Holistic thinking: what it is, characteristics and examples

Holistic thinking: what it is, characteristics and examples

There are different types of thinking, each performing various functions, some of which are: inductive, deductive, creative, analytical, critical or holistic thinking, which we will discuss in more detail in this article. Holistic thinking is an approach to the perception and analysis of reality in an integral or global way, being considered a natural way …

The Paradox Mindset: What It Is, How It Helps Us, and How to Improve It

The Paradox Mindset: What It Is, How It Helps Us, and How to Improve It

Is it difficult for you to find the solution to the various problems? The only way to innovate and find new possible solutions is to consider all alternatives, even those that may seem contradictory. When faced with different demands, we tend to consider one solution, without considering other possibilities that may be just as valid. …

How do executive functions work?

How do executive functions work?

The executive works with complex activities that allow us to achieve the different goals we set for ourselves and adapt to the environment. These are essential skills in our daily lives. Despite the complexity of these functions, they are used in many activities that we carry out during the day, such as choosing the best …

How to Learn to Learn: Everything You Need to Know to Enjoy Your Study

How to Learn to Learn: Everything You Need to Know to Enjoy Your Study

Some research shows that the way most students usually study is not the most effective. So the strategies most used by students are also the most ineffectivesuch as proofreading (reading the syllabus over and over again, making revisions), highlighting (underlining, marking the most important parts of the text) and summarizing (summarizing the original text, reducing …

Second-order thinking: what it is, examples and how to apply it to life

Second-order thinking: what it is, examples and how to apply it to life

We humans use different ways of thinking to deal with problems and adverse situations. We have several tools such as lateral thinking for creativity, logic for reasoning, probabilistic thinking for uncertainty and many more. One of the most useful is second-order thinking, which we will explore further below by explaining what it consists of, giving …

The Idiocracy Hypothesis: Are We Getting Less and Less Intelligent?

The Idiocracy Hypothesis: Are We Getting Less and Less Intelligent?

Are human beings becoming stupid? There are those who think so, although their explanations are very varied. We have those who say it’s because less intelligent people reproduce more, and we have those who say it’s been happening for a long time, because we live in increasingly advanced societies. Then let’s talk about the controversial …

Mental flexibility: what it is, why it works and how to train it

Mental flexibility: what it is, why it works and how to train it

Some of the skills that allow human beings to adapt to the changing environment in which they live are cognitive processes, learning, socialization with other people, among others. In this sense, there is an aptitude of the human brain that should be underlined, to influence multiple processes of great importance for the adaptation of the …

Intelligence assessment: operation and tests used

Intelligence assessment: operation and tests used

The term “intelligence” has multiple definitions, as it can lead to different conceptions depending on the vision that each scholar has had, so it is not easy to measure it. Among the ways to define intelligence, we can highlight the following: ability of logic, reasoning, processing understanding, learning, creativity, emotional, problem solving, among others. Many …

How to use flash cards for studying?

How to use flash cards for studying?

Have you heard of flash cards? Also known as business cards or flashcards, these cards have become popular in recent years as a study method that, without being overly complex, has proven to be one of the best systems for studying. They can be done in many ways and with them we can study just …

The 15 smartest people in history

The 15 smartest people in history

Who are considered the smartest people in human history? How is intellectual ability or capacity assessed? Libb Thims put together a list in which he ranked the forty most intelligent historical figures, taking into account their IQ score (CI) or an approximation of it and an evaluation of their works or achievements. However, the value …

Expert intuition: what it is, its characteristics and how it works

Expert intuition: what it is, its characteristics and how it works

Expert intuition is a type of intuition based on experience and on the basis of the repeated practice of certain actions related to the profession or to the modality in which the subject is considered an expert. And thanks to this intuition, the expert can successfully solve a task in a short time thanks to …

Do insects have cognition?

Do insects have cognition?

Many animal species have been shown to possess cognitive functions and other characteristics that were traditionally considered unique to humans. Other mammals, birds, reptiles, and mollusks such as the octopus are capable of solving relatively complicated tasks, but few seem to consider the possibility that smaller animals could. Do insects have cognition? It’s an issue …

Learning by insight: what it is, types and characteristics

Learning by insight: what it is, types and characteristics

Eureka, epiphany, turning on the light bulb … so many expressions that refer to the same phenomenon: learn by insight. This term refers to that situation where suddenly and unexpectedly we see the relationships between two things that apparently didn’t have them. Knowledge has played a decisive role in the development of science and of …

The 4 differences between fluid and crystallized intelligence

The 4 differences between fluid and crystallized intelligence

One of the most important models that has influenced the understanding of what intelligence is is the Cattell-Horn theory, a theory in which intelligence is presented as the combination and the joint work of two components: l fluid and crystallized intelligence. While these two intelligences are very important to our ability to solve problems, both …

Basic frequency error: characteristics of this reasoning error

Basic frequency error: characteristics of this reasoning error

There are many mistakes we can fall into when it comes to making our arguments, whether consciously or not. This time we will focus on the one known as the base frequency error. We will find out what this bias is, what consequences it has when we use it and we will try to support …

Vernon’s hierarchical model: the keys to this theory of intelligence

Vernon's hierarchical model: the keys to this theory of intelligence

There are many models that have been created from psychology to try to explain the phenomenon of intelligence better and better. One is the hierarchical model known as Vernon. This is what we will focus on this article in order to deepen this theory and know all the peculiarities that differentiate it from others. We …

The 7 types of artificial intelligence

The 7 types of artificial intelligence

The famous John Mccarthy, a prominent American computer scientist who received the Turing Prize in 1971 for his contributions to the field of computing, coined the term “Artificial Intelligence” (AI) for the first time in 1956, during the conference of Dartmouth. This word refers to the use of computers and other technologies for the purpose …

Memory Palace: What does this memorization technique consist of?

Memory Palace: What does this memorization technique consist of?

Not everyone has the same ability to retain knowledge. However, there are ways to improve memory. One of the best known techniques for achieving this goal is what is called the memory palace.. We will devote this article to the analysis of this method, knowing the characteristics that make it different from others and where …

The WISC-V intelligence test: changes and news

The WISC-V intelligence test: changes and news

About a decade passed from the previous version of the Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV), adapted for Spain in 2005, until the release of the new version, the WISC-V. Between the two tests, several modifications of the scales can be observed that make up each of the tests. These scales currently offer a higher …

What is emotional intelligence?

What is emotional intelligence?

Emotional intelligence is one of the key concepts to understand the direction psychology has taken in recent decades. From a model mainly concerned with mental disorders on the one hand and reasoning skills on the other, it has moved on to another in which emotions are considered intrinsic to our behavior and our non-pathological mental …

Here’s how education and training influence your intelligence

Here's how education and training influence your intelligence

There are still those who say that intelligence is a trait you were born with and is completely impervious to change.. Like it’s the color of your eyes, the height or shape of your hair. If this were really the case, there would be no difference between people who have been educated and people who …

12 curiosities about the intelligence of dolphins

12 curiosities about the intelligence of dolphins

Dolphins are one of the most beloved and popular animals in the world. It is an animal species that has inspired humans since ancient times, with even romantic dyes, and is often a symbol of freedom, peace and joy. Among its many qualities, the intelligence of dolphins is one of the most popular, With their …

Kinesthetic bodily intelligence: what it is and how it is expressed

Kinesthetic bodily intelligence: what it is and how it is expressed

From the precise work of a life-saving surgeon to the graceful and sinuous movement of a dancer, through the mastery of the subtle gestures that give credibility to the actions of an actor, the exercise of one of these professions requires a high degree of capacity. Most people might think we are talking about fitness, …