8 memory games for the elderly

Old age is one of the stages of development with the most specific needsConsidering the fact that when people reach old age, they start to have physical and neurological wear and tear.

In this article we will see a list of memory games for the elderly, Which can be useful in taking care of these people, providing them with fun activities to have a good time with them while stimulating their minds.

    The most entertaining memory games for the elderly

    Relatives or caregivers should try to provide the best possible quality of life for the elderly. A good way to do this is keep them socially active and stimulate their memory in order to delay cognitive wear and tear.

    In this way, it is possible to stimulate the tissues of the neurons so that the nerve cells pass through more connections between them, so that the memories can be accessed from more than one thought path. In short, memory games for the elderly promote that neurons communicate with each other in a way other than the environment and the person’s usual daily life encourages them to communicate.

    for that it takes advantage of what is called neuronal plasticity, The brain’s capacity to adapt to new situations by modifying its functioning and, at the microscopic level, also its morphology (taking into account the neural networks that compose it). It is a property that we maintain throughout our lives.

    Thus, carrying out activities that require the use of memory is a challenge that brings together parts of the brain that were previously relatively isolated.

    Let’s see some ways to achieve this.

    1. Board games

    Board games are given to adults in their old age an important source of social contacts. This is important because people who are at this stage of life tend to isolate themselves. All board games allow the elderly to feel useful and cared for by others, in addition to stimulating their memory.

    In this case, the level of cognitive stimulation will depend on the board game implemented. Some good alternatives are still games like dominoes and cards.

    The game of chess is the best alternative, since people who practice this sport have a higher level of memory and concentration even after reaching old age.

      2. The game “I see, I see”

      It consists of selecting an object with the sight and telling the other participants which letter begins the object that we have chosen, so that those who look around us discover what it is, taking into account nearby objects and the l hint we gave them.

      This is one of the memory games for the elderly who have plunged deeper into old age, And serves to stimulate memory related to language.

      3. Memory game with cards

      This involves placing the cards that make up the game upside down, each card having an identical pair.

      The first to play will return two and see if they match, and if so, put them aside for him. Then the second player will repeat this procedure, and at the end of the game, whoever has the most pairs wins. It is one of the most versatile memory games and can be adapted for people of any age.

      4. The word formation game

      It is one of the best alternatives for exercising memory in the elderly, especially in terms of the ability to speak and write.

      It is place a letter inside a table with several squares; then the older adult will have to form all the words he can without them being repeated.

      5. The game of “Simon Says”

      This game adapted to the needs of old age is also very useful to keep your mental processes active. It can be played with three or more people.

      One of the participants will be the so-called “Simon” and the others will have to do as he commands, provided he uses the expression “Simon says” before giving the order.

      For example, by saying “Simon says raise your left arm,” everyone should do it. But, if instead he only says “raise left arm” then no one has to do anything, or he will end up being disqualified.

      6. Find the differences

      This game consists of placing two images which at first glance look the same, but differ in certain details. The participant must carefully observe the two digits and keep saying what are the specific differences in each of them.

      The size of the numbers should be considered before starting the game, and older people often have visual difficulties.

      7. Complete sentences

      This is one of the most entertaining games when it comes to playing with older adults considering that many of them often know a lot of sayings.

      The idea of ​​the game is to put unfinished sentences in a container and take them out at random. Once read aloud the other participant will have to complete the sentenceThen it will be the next one and at the end the one who manages to finish more sentences in less time will win.

      8. Assemble puzzles

      It is par excellence one of the best famous memory and concentration games.

      When we use it to stimulate the memory of the elderly, we have to take into account several factors, such as the number of pieces of the puzzle (they should not be too many), that the sustained attention in old age is not. not so prolonged, and the size of the parts should be large so that the person can clearly distinguish them.

      Finally, the reason for the puzzle should not be something very abstract, to avoid the player being confused and not wanting to continue playing.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Cowan, N. (2001). The Magic Number 4 of Short-Term Memory: A Reconsideration of Mental Storage Capacity (PDF). Behav Brain Sci. 24 (1): 87-114, discussion 114-185.
      • Feldman, Robert S. (2005). Psychology with applications in Spanish speaking countries. Mexico: McGraw Hill.
      • Moscovitch, M. (2007) Thesis: why is the engram elusive? In: Roediger, HL, Dudai, Y. and Fitzpatrick SM, eds. Memory science: concepts. New York: Oxford University Press, pages 17-21.
      • Keller, TA; Fair, MA (2016). Structural and functional neuroplasticity in human learning of space routes. NeuroImage.
      • Schwabe L .; Wolf OT (2010). Learning under stress affects memory formation. Neurobiology of learning and memory. 93 (2): 183-188.
      • Woods, B, Aguirre, E., Spector, AE, Orrell, M. (2012). Cognitive stimulation to improve cognitive functioning in people with dementia. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2 (2): CD005562
      • Woods, B., O’Philbin, L., Farrell, EM, Spector, AE, Orrell, M. (2018). Reminiscence therapy for dementia. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 3: CD001120.

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