Are women or men smarter?

In a previous article, we wondered about the psychological differences between men and women. Today we question ourselves, without taboos or funnels, which of them is the smartest.

Are women or men smarter?

We have talked a lot about this cliché, and in this article we have tried to shed light on a controversy full of clichés. Are men or women smarter?

Are women more skilled at multitasking, but less so when reading a map? Without a doubt, men and women have different behaviors. A good number of theories have been proposed to discriminate the differences between the sexes. These differences are often discussed on the basis of brain dissimilarity; here we provide a summary of these factors.

The human brain contains between 10 and 15 billion nerve cells called neurons, and one trillion synapses, which are the connectors between neurons. However, the brain works in ways that are still unknown to medical science, and it is therefore difficult to determine how relevant the physical differences between humans are or how much they contribute to their behavior.

The brain: small differences

Women have one brain slightly smaller than men (On average about 100 grams lighter). However, we already know that size is not everything. Elephants, for example, have much larger brains than humans, but as far as we know, no one is suggesting that they might have greater intelligence. And although the female brain weighs a little less than that of the male, both sexes have a similar relationship between brain weight and body weight.

Women have 4% less brain cells than men, which doesn’t mean they use less of their brain capacity.

Another important difference is in the frontal lobe. This is responsible for making judgments, predictions, planning future actions and language. Women have more cells than men in this region.

The cerebral hemispheres

It is often said that the cerebral hemispheres have their clearly differentiated functions. The left hemisphere is responsible for processing analytical data, while the right hemisphere operates holistically., Understanding judgments with emotions. Men generally have a brain with a dominance of the left hemisphere; but women use the two hemispheres in a more balanced way.

The corpus callosum transmits information to both hemispheres. Women have a larger corpus callosum than men, which may explain why women score better on tests that assess speed of thought and speech.

The limbic system affects our emotions and tends to be more prominent in women. Likewise, the greater information transmission capacity of the female brain between the two hemispheres means that the woman presents a greater emotional sensitivity. The larger limbic system also means they feel negative emotions more strongly, which is why they have a higher risk of depression.

Gray matter and white matter

Information processing is carried out in gray matter. White matter is responsible for connecting different parts of the brain, making it easier for us to perform various tasks. Women tend to have more white matter than men, while men are endowed with more gray matter.. Smart, each in their own way.

The hypothalamus controls the endocrine system, which produces most of the body’s hormones. It regulates important functions such as sex, sleep, body temperature … In men, the hypothalamus is almost twice as large, and contains twice as many cells as the female hypothalamus.

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