High intellectual capacities: management and empowerment

The field of high intellectual capacities is one of the most interesting in the world of psychology, both in terms of research on this subject which is ongoing, and in terms of working with people with this feature.

The fact that there are people with this high degree of cognitive ability shows how far the human mind can go in sophistication; however, this intellectual development does not occur spontaneously without outside support. In childhood and into adulthood, context is key to making the most of your potential.

In this article, I will talk about how this management and empowerment of high intellectual capacities occurs through psychological support by specialist professionals.

    What are high intellectual capacities?

    The term “high intellectual ability” is often used as a synonym for intellectual giftedness, and on an informal level it is not entirely wrong to do so. However, technically these two concepts are not equivalent. And this is it all people with intellectual abilities have high abilities, but not all people with high abilities are gifted.

    The truth is that high intellectual capacities constitute a category of psychological phenomena which include intellectual endowment, on the one hand, and talents, on the other hand.


    Giftedness is a characteristic present in who demonstrate an exceptionally high degree of intelligence. In this case, intelligence is reflected in the scores obtained through the application of intelligence tests designed for this purpose, in which an IQ is obtained. People with intellectual endowments are considered to be those who exceed the CI of 130, that is, the richest 2.5% of the population.

    Thus, intelligence measured by CI is the central element of what we mean by giftedness. This implies that gifted people tend to express exceptionally intelligent behaviors in most areas of their lives, as intelligence is a trait that manifests itself in many ways and in a wide variety of situations: it is what makes it so. defines, its ability to adapt to circumstances. .


    Talent is the other element included in the concept of high abilities. People who express a high degree of talent they are extremely skilled in some sort of hands-on skills, And don’t have to be exceptionally intelligent in most areas of life. So, talented people are defined by the specificity of what they stand out in, while talented people show a high degree of intelligence in general, although they may not show any specific talent.

    How to improve high capacities?

    The first thing to be clear about is that improving high abilities does not mean that a person’s intelligence level is increasing very quickly; in fact, as far as we know, there are ways to encourage intelligence to reach its full potential, but this has been going on for years and spectacular results are not being achieved in the chart of the evolution of l ‘IC.

    So … what is the purpose of psychological support for people with high potential? Mainly the following.

    1. Detect areas of interest

    To maximize a person’s potential, you need to find an area of ​​learning or training that motivates you and is an exciting project. Without this ingredient, the level of intelligence or the facilities to dominate the capacities are equal; sooner or later frustration comes in and you stop making progress. Psychologists help improve people’s self-knowledge and order priorities and values, so that what is really relevant gets to the first page.

    2. Learn to learn

    Talent is above all the product of favorable predispositions to learning combined with a commitment to a systematic way of developing a series of skills. In many cases, people who excel at something are not particularly privileged in terms of innate skills, but they have managed to make learning a habit.

    Psychological support is used, among other things, to learn how to learn, which he happens to be able to do it efficiently, without wasting time or exposing himself to unnecessary frustration.

      3. Get used to detecting distractions and elements of risk

      There are contextual factors which, if left unchecked, can harm people’s intellectual potential. For example, an environment of hostile friends, exposure to drugs or habits that encourage sedentary lifestyles and a bad lifestyle, routines that prevent concentration, etc.

      4. Get in the habit of testing yourself

      There are people who, although they are very intelligent or have a great ability to develop areas of expertise, they do not lend themselves to continuing to progress in their skills. In psychology, we apply intervention programs that propose ascending curves of difficulty in which it is possible to always have objectives to be reached and criteria to determine to what extent progress has been made.

      Are you looking for psychological assistance?

      If you are interested in psychological assistance for high capacity powers, contact me. I am a psychologist specializing in the cognitive-behavioral intervention model and I offer services to individuals and organizations. I attend my consultation in person in Madrid, or via the online video call format. On this page you will find more information about my way of working and my contact details.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Acereda, A. and Sastre, S. (1998). Giftedness. Madrid: Synthesis.
      • Alonso, JA; Renzulli, JS; Benito, I. (2003). International Handbook of the Gifted. Madrid: EOS.
      • Coleman, MR; Harradine, C .; King, EW (2005). Meet the needs of students twice as exceptional. Teach exceptional children. 38 (1): pages 5-6.
      • Heller, KA; Monks, FJ; Sternberg, RJ; et al. (2000). International Staffing and Talent Handbook. Amsterdam: Pergamon.

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