During the day we are faced with a wealth of information, Which constantly bombards us and which we must deal with in order to be able to adapt to the environment.
Most of this information is not too relevant except when it appears, but sometimes it can be useful to remember it. For example, at the academic level, we are asked to capture, maintain and store in memory the data we receive.
But memorizing something in general is not worth exposing yourself once to this information: it is enough to hear a few words or read a few lines, we will only hold back if they have left a deep impression on us. It is also desirable that the memorization process is not perpetuated, but that it is efficient and leaves space for our attention to be directed to new elements.
How to memorize quickly? Throughout this article, we’ll come up with a number of different strategies that can help us make information retention faster and easier.
How to memorize quickly: strategies and procedures
There are many things that influence our ability to encode and store information. I some of these elements can be manipulated to promote learning. Below we will look at a number of possible methods or procedures to help us memorize.
1. Review the information
A fundamental thing in order to be able to learn and memorize something is to get this information to enter our mind over and over. With a single presentation, it is very complex to keep something in memoryUnless it has a deep emotional impact. Revision and repetition serve to strengthen the imprint that this information leaves in our memory, in some cases to make it automatic.
This is especially useful for unrelated information or that we cannot relate to other knowledge of our daily life, such as a list of words or multiplication tables, but this also applies to other types of information.
2. Make diagrams and summaries
Just reading text and waiting for it to be saved to memory can be a slow and inefficient process. It is advisable to speed up the production of summaries of the content covered and even diagrams to synthesize and organize the information. This allows you to work mentally with the information, process and manipulate in such a way that we make them understandable by ourselves.
3. Read and repeat aloud
Several studies show that compared to simple silent reading, it is more effective and efficient at memorizing the fact of verbalizing what we read, because we work not only at the level of visual representation but also at the auditory and motor level.
4. Explain to another
It may be advisable to give a short presentation or explain to another person the content we need to memorize. Similar to the previous point, working mentally with the information to put it into our own words and express it contributes to the fact that we can infuse meaning into what we have learned, which certainly promotes more memorization. faster and more efficient. .
5. Use multiple lanes
When we think about studying or memorizing something, we probably have the image of someone looking at the same information always presented the same way. Although repetition of information is necessary, it can be helpful if the material is presented in more than one channel. Of course, with perseverance and prudence, then if each repetition is different, it may cause damage when focusing in the content itself.
In addition, using different paths will allow people who are more comfortable with a particular type of memorization to increase their chances and the speed at which they learn (there are people, for example, who retain more visual information than verbal information or vice versa or those that work better with pictograms or drawings than with letters).
6. Use metaphors, acronyms and acronyms
A good strategy that makes it easier to remember content is not just to represent it as it is but to try to generate metaphors with the concepts or to put together the initials or parts of words to be learned. to make a shorter and easier to remember novel.
7. Create your own story
Another method that makes it easier to quickly memorize certain types of information is to find a relationship between the different concepts to remember and to make a short story or even a single sentence containing both. In this way, the memory of one will arouse that of the other.
8. Connect the new to the old
Another strategy for learning, and it makes this often happens naturally during the learning that we accomplish most easilyIt is about linking new information to be memorized with previous knowledge or experiences. This makes it possible to give meaning to the information and to give it meaning.
9. Look for a favorable location
Context is important to facilitate or hinder the learning process. In order to encourage memorization, it will be recommended look for an environment with adequate light intensity and if it can be natural, With a comfortable temperature and in which we can maintain a comfortable posture but not excessively lax. It is also important that no other disturbing element is present (cell phones, screens or consoles out of range) and that there is sufficient space available.
10. Context-dependent memory
Several studies show that the conditions under which we acquire knowledge also influence our memory: when we have received information in a particular place or under specific circumstances, it is easier to remember when those conditions are recreated. For example, if we learned something underwater, it would be much easier to remember it on a new dive than on the surface. That is why it is useful to always study in a space similar to that of the situation in which we are going to apply this knowledge.
11. Link information to something you are passionate about
While this is not always possible, it can be very helpful to relate what we want to learn to something that generates interest and satisfaction. In this way, the knowledge to be memorized can be easier to remember by relating to the positive emotions related to our hobby. For example, people who love the theater may want to do a little theatrical performance that incorporates what they need to memorize.
12. Take regular breaks
Many people spend long hours looking at and reviewing learning material, and may even spend sleepless nights trying to memorize. Still nailing your elbows is not bad, the truth is that it has been proven that studying traction for hours upon hours is not as effective as taking small, one-off breaks a few minutes during which we can disconnect and relax, then resume our studies.
Obviously, you shouldn’t overdo it either: maybe an hourly break that lasts about five minutes could be fine, even if it will depend on the pace of work and will not break a specific moment of concentration.
13. Basic requirement: eat and sleep well
In order to learn and maintain proper functioning and mental efficiency, it must be maintained a sufficient quantity and quality of sleep to regenerate and replenish our energies. The same can be said of nutrition: eating well will help us have energy and promote mental functioning.
- Sara, SJ (2000). Recovery and reconsolidation: towards a neurobiology of memory. Learning and Memory, 7 (2), 73-84.