The learning process is a very complex phenomenon, And more in humans.
Regardless of a person’s age and whether they are educated in school or just through other means, learning means mobilizing a lot of resources both in our body and in the way we interact with the environment. and with others.
Thus, in order to try to better understand how we manage to adapt to the environment, learning is often subdivided into several types of learning, each with its own characteristics. In this article we will see what it is memorization learning, What are the defining characteristics and several examples.
What is learning to remember?
While all forms of learning are related and often overlap, what characterizes memory learning is that everything is based on keep information as accurate and literal as possibleWithout trying to create an interpretation that is easier to relate to the knowledge we already have and therefore easier to “save” in memory.
Therefore, memory learning prioritizes precision over flexibility in interpreting new information that we need to incorporate into our memory.
Thus, learning to remember usually requires a conscious effort to remember something and proper management of attention so that other stimuli or memories are not mixed up with the memorization experience.
In addition, it should be borne in mind that learning to remember it is practically the opposite of meaningful learning, And therefore, there are many differences between the two.
While memorizing learning is based on incorporating memories as close as possible to the information we come into contact with the first time we set out to memorize, in meaningful learning the most important thing is to develop our own network of memories. memories. Concepts and memories that best explain what we have to learn, without worrying too much about being faithful to the original.
Features of this memorization process
Among the characteristics of this type of learning are the following.
1. It takes a voluntary effort
In this way of learning, it is necessary to rmake an effort to memorize the elements and at the same time concentrate in this task, because the attention
2. It uses different types of memory
In memory learning, different types of memory are involved that operate at different rates which allow information to be consolidated in the brain.
For example, on the one hand, there is working memory, which is used to mentally manipulate ideas and concepts a few seconds after coming into contact with these new elements; then this information passes into short-term memory, which lasts several hours, and finally, if it is well memorized, it happens in long-term memory, which runs for months or years.
3. Create mental representations as faithful as possible
In memorizing learning, all this behavior is reinforced which is oriented towards maintain a mental representation faithful to the original concept to memorize. Anything relating to the distortion of this representation is discouraged.
4. Create imperfect memories
This functionality is typical of all types of learning and has to do with the fact that all memories become distorted over time, Unless it is some content of semantic memory (which contains vocabulary such as the word “Russia”).
Therefore, the fidelity sought with memorizing learning is relative, it is not intended to preserve this exact information forever.
Techniques for learning this way
Here are some of the most commonly used memory learning techniques:
consists of repeat over and over again the reading or pronunciation of the content to be memorizedVery often at first and gradually less frequently.
This technique is based on finding an association between the words to be memorized and others that are already known, the words have a similar pronunciation and that we can relate to new concepts in one way or another.
Method of history
It consists of tracing a narrative that we have created and that allows unite in a single narrative thread all the words to remember.
In this case, we are reviewing by asking ourselves questions that we need to answer based on what has been studied. This way, we discovered things we didn’t know or forgot, revisiting them to improve them next time.
Advantages and disadvantages
It is common to find critiques of the idea of learning from memorization, but it should be borne in mind that memorizing learning it is very important in many aspects of life. For example, it is impossible to learn a new language without using techniques suitable for memorized learning, and so are many aspects of general culture.
So the key is knowing the pros and cons of memory learning so you know when to encourage and when to encourage other methods.
For example, the main disadvantage of learning memory is that it requires somewhat monotonous and mechanical methods based on repeating and reviewing content already seen. It can make it boringAs each new repetition does little more than consolidate the record, something that in and of itself doesn’t have to be very stimulating.
The advantages of learning to memory, on the other hand, are that it allows you to learn a wide variety of items from very similar and easy-to-master methods once the habit has been generated. on the one hand, and that its fruits are perceptible in the short term as long as the corresponding time and consistency are invested in it.
- Cowan, N. (1995). Attention and memory: an integrated network of paintings. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Eysenck, MW (2012). Fundamentals of cognition. New York: Psychology Press.