Our ability to solve mathematical problems has long been considered the clearest form of expression of ours intelligence.
He measured the time required to detect serial mathematical models, solve a mental calculation operation or answer geometry exercises. Today, this ability is still very important to assess the cognitive abilities of human beings, but our conception of what is (or can be) intelligence has broadened.
This is why proposals such as the theory of multiple intelligences have emerged, one of the components is the Logical-mathematical intelligence formulated by psychologist Howard Gardner.
- To find out more: “The 12 types of intelligence: what do you have?”
A definition of logical-mathematical intelligence
This type of intelligence can be defined as our ability to reason formally to solve problems related to numbers and the relationships that can be established between them, As well as to think by following the rules of logic.
Mathematical and logical intelligence goes hand in hand with mathematics and logic, because thinking about both requires following the rules of a formal system, Without content: one plus one equals two, whatever units you’re working with, just like something that can’t be, no matter what. In short, to be more or less endowed with a logical-mathematical intelligence it allows us to recognize and predict causal links between things that are happening (If I add 3 units to these 5, I will have 8 because I added them, etc.).
The implications this has for the way we think and act, as noted above, are clear. Thanks to this intelligence, we are able to think in a more or less coherent way, to detect regularities in the relations between things and reason logically.
We could say that, beyond our unique way of seeing things and using language in our own way to define things that happen in the world, logical-mathematical intelligence it allows us to adopt logical rules that link our thinking to that of others.
Cognitive skills beyond language
It is important to note that this type of intelligence does not directly explain our way of thinking in general, nor our use of language or the interpretation of our own reality. These factors largely depend on our ideology and the use of language that characterizes us.
Logical-mathematical intelligence doesn’t help us wonder if we’re adding the kind of units we should add, for example, just like logic doesn’t tell us which aspects of a problem we should prioritize and solve first. ., Or what our goals should be. However, once certain rules are set, what remains can be assessed as logical-mathematical intelligence.
An example: when we ask a mathematical problem, we can choose to solve it or not and, once we accept the rules of declaration, we can solve it right or wrong. But we can also refuse to solve this problem because it would not be useful for our purposes for any reason, or to respond incorrectly to the message because we do not accept the imposed rules out of hand.
How to improve in logical-mathematical intelligence?
You probably guessed it, because it’s almost obvious: deal with tasks that require you to use this type of intelligence. At first it can be very tedious for some people, but the progress that can be made is spectacular and very useful for everyday life, especially those related to mental arithmetic.
You can start with notebooks to learn math at your own pace or attend specialized academies (although most of them have an academic approach). You also have the option of almost start from scratch on free training sites like the highly recommended Khan Academy, where you can measure your progress and choose the learning branches to your liking.
One of the keys: logical thinking
As for the part that refers to logical thinking, you might find it more enjoyable from the start, as the best way to develop it is through dialogue and discussion through arguments, be careful not to fall into mistakes.
Something that is typical, for example, of any night out at the bar or a family Christmas dinner, but which can be spread at many other times in your life. To have how logic works at your fingertips, you can search for books of your choice that deal with logic and logic errors.
- Gardner, Howard. (1998). Answer to “Multiply by eight intelligence problems” by Perry D. Klein. Canadian Journal of Education 23 (1): 96-102. doi: 10.2307 / 1585968. JSTOR 1585790.
- Operskalski, OT, Paul, EJ, Colom, R., Barbey, AK, Grafman, J. (2015). Mapping injuries of the four-factor structure of emotional intelligence. In front of. Buzzing. Neurosciences.
- Triglia, Adrián; Regader, Bertrand; and Garcia-Allen, Jonathan. (2018). “What is intelligence? From CI to multiple intelligences.” EMSE publication.