We humans are animals with a lot of potential. These can manifest in multiple contexts, either in the form of physical actions or in the form of capacities that characterize us.
With the dimensions of the human being, we refer to the way in which the potentialities of the human being are given, which are related to the fact that correct development occurs, both individual and collective, of aspects like good -being and personal growth.
Humans are biopsychosocial in nature, which means that we are animals who need interactions with others and who are aware of our abilities, thoughts, reflections and, in essence, our own existence.
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Dimensions of the human being
In this article we will explain the eight dimensions of the human being, What are the following.
This dimension has to do with the body itself, understood in structural terms.
Our body is the physical tool that allows us to perform actions, to establish contact with others and it acquires great importance in the way we identify and perceive ourselves.
This dimension includes the habits that people wear to maintain the body, outside or inside, and to prevent it from being damaged or developing disease.
Among the habits that can be taken to prevent the physical dimension from being negatively affected are healthy eating, sports activities, and visits to the doctor to see what condition the body is in.
2. Social or socio-political
Human beings are sociable and that is why they interact with others it is one of the most important dimensions present in your life.
As members of a society and, more specifically, of family, ethnicity, friends, or any other group, you must stay in touch with other people to ensure your survival.
Aspects such as developing emotional bonds, having good friendships, living in a family without dysfunctional dynamics all contribute to being able to achieve well-being and happiness.
As intelligent beings that we are, human beings have tried to explain our world and extract the laws that explain it.
We have always sought to acquire as much knowledge as possible, so that we can predict what is happening in our environment rather than using the new learning acquired to improve survival.
The cognitive dimension refers to the ability of the human species to use its intellect and to create new concepts, to modify its environment and to progress from them.
4. Emotional or affective
Emotions are an aspect of great importance for human adaptation. In fact, it is thanks to this that in the last decades the idea of emotional intelligence has been championed.
Being afraid of a lion is not only one thing that guarantees survival, but feeling sad at a funeral or showing pride and joy in one’s own goal are things that facilitate proper social interaction and motivate one to continue. to develop as a person.
Emotions are the result of a stimulus, internal or external. Improving this dimension implies acquiring a better knowledge of oneself.
The emotional dimension refers not only to the ability to feel emotions, but also to identify them in others and to know what one is feeling at a given moment and its cause.
5. Communicative or linguistic
Language is, without a doubt, the most remarkable ability of human beings. Thanks to it, we have been able to reach the civilizations of today, and this is what allows the diffusion of our knowledge over long distances through written systems.
The communicative dimension refers to this capacity of the human being to be able to create more or less complex systems of signs and symbols with which he can interact with others.
And it is this language that allows us to convey our ideas, opinions and experiences without having to be physically represented. It is enough that the interlocutor knows the same code that we use and thus the exchange of information will take place.
Surprising as it may sound, language allows us not only to share knowledge, but also to change reality.
Giving an order, inviting reflection, explaining how to do something are acts of communication which, in turn, materialize in actions that change the environment and the actions of others.
6. Spiritual or transcendent
Although the name of this dimension may seem to be limited to more religious aspects, the truth is that the word “spiritual” is an umbrella in which philosophical thoughts are included like understanding the meaning of one’s own existence.
Human beings, as animals with highly developed intelligence, seek to understand aspects that go beyond the physical, to reach a transcendent level.
There are phenomena that the laws of physics cannot explain, which can be a real mystery that besides being frustrating can be even more interesting.
As proof, since time immemorial, human beings have created religions and superstitions to give an explanation, perhaps fantastic and irrational, to the unknown.
The idea of God, spirits, ghosts and incarnations are just a few examples of the human being’s search for what he cannot physically see or perceive.
Beauty is an abstract and arbitrary idea. Despite this, it is something that has acquired great significance throughout the history of mankind.
Culture has not only served to create useful goods for the most basic needs of human beings, it has also served as the basis for creating art, in order to be admired.
The sight of something beautiful can generate a whole series of emotions and sensations that enrich the human experience.
The aesthetic dimension is clearly something that manifests itself not only in all cultures of the world, but in addition each person has their own vision of beauty.
Even people who say they’re not good at anything fine art has tried to do something artistic at some point in their lives.
8. Ethics and morals
People need to know how to behave so as not to live in a world of uncertainty and anarchy which will undoubtedly lead to a situation of chaos and where the law of the strongest will prevail.
The ethical dimension refers to the ability of human beings to recognize what is most correct, Either on the basis of their own criteria or according to what social standards indicate.
Human beings must try to act while guaranteeing the greatest possible good to others.
Recognizing that others have the same rights as us, that the freedom of one can mean the end of that of the other, and that to live in peace and harmony we must regulate our behavior are aspects of this dimension.
- Hernández, D (2015). Education: a vision of the dimensions of the human being and of life. Academic file, 57.
- Martínez, M. (2009) Fundamental dimensions of integral human development. Polis, Journal of the Bolivarian University, 8 (23). 119-138.