According to the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity and overweight have become two of the most important problems that occur in human societies around the world.
These are health disorders with the ability to affect the quality of life of people through a wide variety of pathologies: hypertension, diabetes, wear and tear on the joints of the legs or high cholesterol, to name a few.
But beyond the conditions that are expressed in specific organs and cell tissues, there are also other ways that being overweight negatively affects us, and which have to do with its psychological impact.
The psychology of weight loss
Many times the main reasons obese people want to lose weight have less to do with extending their life years, but with stopping feeling bad about themselves, to the point where they come to feel very guilty about something over which they actually have less control than it seems.
These psychological effects of obesity and overweight are generally the anxiety of seeing in a mirror, the insecurity of the relationship with others, the fear of showing off too much in a bathing suit or going out to party, the belief that no one can be loved physically, etc. In practice, these types of problems have as much or more persuasive power than the biomedical reasons for deciding to try to lose weight.
However, this psychological factor is usually only taken into account when thinking about the reasons for fat burning and adopt a more defined appearance. Not much is said about the role psychological variables play throughout the weight loss process, although in reality they are fundamental.
The importance of the psychological in the fight against overweight
The belief that losing weight just by eating healthy foods can end up leaving us worse off than we were. The reason for this is that this strategy is based on the idea that being overweight and obesity is a problem of unwillingness, which occurs when you act inappropriately by giving in to impulses and not practicing this. what you say. The theory of healthy eating.
Therefore, we often forget that the tendency to accumulate more or less fat has a large part of its causes in geneticsSo many people end up unable to diet without any plan other than sticking to it rigorously, and then the rebound effect and feelings of guilt that end up throwing in the towel arise.
Due to the lack of information on the link between genetics and the propensity to accumulate fat, there is no possibility that their starting position will be much more disadvantageous than that of the models they want to identify with, and therefore need rather than having a weekly feed. table as a reference.
Therefore, any weight loss formula that supports all of your weight in the need for dieting will be hopelessly lame, Because you will forget two things. First, he will ignore that the genetic make-up of each individual only allows them to stay under a certain weight consistently and without compromising their health.
Secondly, we will forget that, under the idea that it is the “force of will” which must favor the transformation of the person, hundreds of psychological variables are hidden by interacting with each other in a very complex way, and that if we can come and learn from them, achieving the right weight is much easier than forcing them to eat certain things on a daily basis.
Long term, focus on adopting new habits and routines of general behavior and stress control this is much more useful than blindly relying on food, as if hanging a table of food in the fridge would already lead us to follow that nutritional plan for several years in a row.
In the vast majority of cases, what overweight people lack is not information about what healthy eating is, but other habits, something that initiates them into the dynamics of having a better life. healthy, in the same way that knowing how a bicycle works doesn’t we can use it again. The price to ignore can not only be a bad impression of drying out the diet “to lose weight”, but also of gaining even more weight than before starting the diet, due to the sudden rebound effect caused by the weight loss. body response to adjustment to abstinence.
What to do?
As we have seen, weight loss always goes through get an overview of all the elements that go into fat accumulation: Biological predispositions, food intake, exercise and modifiable behavior patterns in relation to psychology. Focusing on just one of these areas will not only not add up, but will add problems to the ones we already had before trying to be healthier.
Regarding the psychological variables, it is necessary to take into account relevant aspects such as stress management, the existence or not of binge eating attacks due to anxiety, problems falling asleep, expectations of success during the attempt to lose weight (modulated by the interpretation that is made of what happened in previous failures), fatigue at work, level of self-esteem and many others.
This is especially important at the start of a weight loss program, because at this point people find out how much more their attention tends to focus on everything related to high calorie foods. But it is also essential to maintain an always healthy life over the yearsBecause if not, he returns to a way of life in which no attention is paid to what he touches to eat.
For all this, when losing weight, it is advisable to have the supervision of both nutritionists and psychologists, so that biological and psychological variables are monitored and, therefore, our ability to control ourselves has effects. positive about the results we get in our body. .