Thousands of years ago, when the first philosophical questions began to be incorporated into the scriptures, these concerns were not as specific as those we often ask ourselves today.
The thinkers of Antiquity tried to answer very metaphysical and general questions, such as: what is the energy which guides in a coordinated way all that happens in nature?
The concept of karma, born in Asia, Is based on the idea that reality is articulated by a law of retribution according to which what is given in a moral sense is obtained.
What is karma?
In various Eastern religions and philosophies such as Hinduism or Buddhism, karma is an energy that surrounds everything and that it makes the moral actions which are performed return in the same style to the person who performed them. In other words, it is a kind of metaphysical compensation mechanism.
For example, if someone hurts someone, it is not necessary for them to be the victim of the mistreatment of another person, but karma will be responsible for making the consequences of that action also negative and its intensity is in a proportion similar to the harm caused.
Somehow, the idea of karma introduces the idea of justice into the workings of the world. Justice that is imposed without us having to do anything. According to some currents of belief, karma is practiced by deities, while for other non-theistic religions like Buddhism, there is no god who operates this energy, but in this way you stop reality, everything like those mechanisms which are described by natural scientific discoveries. laws.
Actions and consequences
The whole idea of karma is based on the belief that the consequences of our actions always correspond to the moral value they have. In other words, all the bad and all the good that we do will come back to us in the form of consequences of the same value as the issued shares.
Moreover, the actions that produce a certain karma are not just movements. For most of the Eastern philosophies and religions that have adopted this concept, thoughts are also expensive.
The origin of the concept
Etymologically, “karma” means “action” or “to do”. This is why it has not always been used with the metaphysical and religious meaning to which we are accustomed in the West.
It is believed that the first mention of karma as a concept related to retribution appeared in Hindu sacred texts in the 4th century BC. C. More specifically, appears named in the book Chandogya Upaniṣad, Written in Sanskrit.
Due to its antiquity and the influence that Hindu cultures have had throughout history, the idea of karma has been adopted by various Asian societies and merged with religions born in the south of the continent.
Types of karma
Traditionally, it has been believed that there are three types of karma. They are as follows.
1. Karma of Prarabdha
The karma that is noticed at the time the action is performed. For example, by lying to a person, the nerves cause them to speak non-fluently and the nerves and discomfort appear.
2. Karma Sanchita
The memories that stayed in our minds and they have an effect on our future actions. For example, the sadness that comes from not turning down someone and that the next time we fall in love, we don’t give up on expressing what we are feeling.
3. Karma Agami
The effect that an action of the present will have in the future. For example, binge eating given for several weeks will make you feel worse in the months to come.
The moral value of punishment
These three types of karma are different sides of the same as seen from different time perspectives. Sanchita karma of the past produces Prarabdha karma in the present, which generates Agami karma in times to come.
All three together form a sequence of causes and effects effects that we cannot control. However, depending on the way of thinking that uses the idea of karma, whether we can choose to do good or bad i.e. two types of cause and effect chains with different moral value for us and for the others.
Oriental Philosophies and Psychology
Karma and other Asian concepts, such as Yin and Yang and meditation based on religious rituals, have become fashionable in some forms of alternative therapy. However, it should not be forgotten that these ideas they only make sense in a framework of beliefs without an empirical basis and that, therefore, we cannot say that taking karma into account will allow us to make life treat us better. The concept of karma is not and cannot be reinforced by scientific findings.
It is true that believing in karma makes us experience reality in a different way (as with any new belief that we adopt), but it is not possible to know whether this change will be for the worse or for the better.