As defined by Jon Kabat-Zinn (founder and director of the Minsfulness Centers), this practice is “the awareness that comes from paying attention, intentionally, now and without judgment”. It is therefore intentional attention with an attitude based on the absence of judgment.
Precisely the attitude of non-judgment, which is linked to a compassionate curiosity towards oneself, this turns out to be one of the most healing aspects of mindfulness, Also called Full Attention. At this point, it should be explained that the attitude of curiosity is incompatible with that of generating a specific expectation.
The difference between mindfulness and relaxation techniques
Sometimes I meet patients in consultation who explain to me their difficulty in trying to relax while applying relaxation techniques; it is precisely here that the purpose of Mindfulness differs, that it goes beyond relaxation.
Its objective is to allow us to observe the present moment without expecting anything in particular, In the absence of demands that usually end up generating guilt. And this is where we curiously end up achieving the long-awaited relaxation, which usually occurs when there is no force to come.
How to calm the mind with full awareness?
There is research on the role that the practice of mindfulness plays in reduce a number of symptoms such as chronic pain, anxiety, and psoriasis. Dr. Kabat-Zinn has spent 20 years studying the effects of mindfulness on these disorders and states that “participants experience a sharp reduction over the course of 8 weeks, both in the number of initially reported medical symptoms and in psychological problems. ., Such as anxiety, depression and hostility. These improvements occur in most participants in every class and regardless of the diagnosis, which means the program is important for people with a wide range of disorders. of doctors and different life situations “.
Psychologists Teach How To Control Stress Through Midnfulness; we usually start by paying attention to the breath, trying to focus on it while consciously diverting our attention from environmental events. This is done with practice, without haste, and with a compassionate attitude towards us. However, each case is unique and it is necessary to know how to adapt to the needs of the users.
What is compassion?
I would like to stop here to explain the concept of “compassion”, because all too often it is often confused with the grief, almost contemptuous, with which we look at someone. From the conception of mindfulness, compassion is understood as the attitude of loving and empathetic observation that will mobilize our acceptance because from here we get the training in our resources to come day to day.
With daily practice, we will come to have a sense of ourselves as a present consciousness that observes our thoughts as something worth hearing but not identifying them with what “I” am.
When we can observe our thoughts from a certain “distance”, because we are so much more than those thoughts, then our relationship to them changes. mindfulness it allows us to see the circumstances as observers and, from this privileged point of view, it will be easier to calm down.