Yoga, although fashionable in the West, is an ancient practice which has been shown to have many benefits both physical and psychological. For many, it is not only a way to keep the body firm and healthy, but it is the key to their mental well-being.
Given its long history and popularity in Asian regions, yoga does not simply exist today, but rather, there are different types of yoga created with different purposes. Let’s see what they are.
The benefits of yoga
Anyone can learn to practice yoga, which is why it has so many followers. During the last decade, its practice in the West has developed in such a way that it is possible to enjoy its benefits in any gymnasium or in specialized training centers.
The benefits of this ancient art are the following:
- Improves flexibility
- Reduces stress
- Help with physical recovery
- Improves sleep
- Improves mood
- Increase strength
- It helps maintain balance and coordination
- anticipates injuries
- Improves concentration
- Improves endurance
- Improves intimate relationships
You can learn more about these benefits in our articles: “The 6 psychological benefits of yoga” and “10 benefits of yoga for athletes (according to science)”
Types of yoga
Over the centuries, this practice has evolved and many types of yoga have emerged. They are as follows:
The main feature of this type of yoga is the intensity with which attention should be maintained in the present. It is named after its founder Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar. It uses props such as wooden blocks, ribbons, harnesses, and reclining boards that help achieve more perfect postures and allow people with physical limitations to do the asanas.
2. Mindfulness in yoga
Mindfulness yoga or mindfulness yoga refers to a type of yoga in which mindfulness of the breath and the connection between body and mind are worked on. It’s meditation in motion, Where the important thing is to be aware of the union of body and mind and to recognize the limits of each. Compassion and self-care are worked.
This type of yoga refers to a series of exercises, in particular 26 demanding asanas and difficult to control which take place in a space where the temperature is at 42 ° C. The sessions last 90 minutes.
4. Hatha yoga
Hatha yoga is the most practiced in the world. There are other types of yoga, some more mental and some that promote love and are more selfless. Hatha Yoga is known as physical yoga, and although it also has a spiritual component (meditation, breathing …), it has a strong physical component.
A modern type of yoga that was established in 1997. It focuses on their heart-opening asanas and takes into account the spiritual and meditative benefits of this practice.
6. Passive yoga
Passive yoga it is a preventive and relaxing technique, And it is a curative therapy which encompasses all the vital areas of the human being: the physical, the mental and the emotional. It is also called Thai massage.
- If you want to know more, you can read our article: “Passive Yoga: Discover the Benefits of Stretching.”
7. Yoga Vinyasa
It is known as Yoga flow and refers to connection with breathing and movement of asanas. The transition from one to the other is smooth. Each session ends with savasana, which is the final relaxation posture.
8. Ashtanga Yoga
This type of yoga is also known as “Power Yoga”. Like the previous one, it focuses on the connection between asanas and breathing, however movements are faster and more physical.
9. Hot yoga
Like Bikram Yoga too it is practiced in a room at high temperature. However, he does not consider the sequence of the 26 postures of Bikram, but any type of yoga can be used.
10. Kundalini Yoga
It focuses on breathing (pranayama) and cardiac work, while paying attention to the development of consciousness. Each posture is associated with a different breathing technique, With the idea that this will intensify the posture. A very spiritual and meditative style.
11. Yin Yoga
Developed by Paulie Zink, Is a slow style of yoga in which the postures are held for long periods of time. It helps strengthen connective tissue, improve circulation, and increase flexibility.
12. Jivamukti Yoga
It is a type of Hatha yoga, but it is not just a physical exercise to keep the body in shape or to increase strength or flexibility. This style of yoga aims to lead to enlightenment and it is based on the idea of the unity of being, In which the relationship with others is of great importance.
13. Yoga Kripalu
A type of yoga that has three characteristic elements: knowing, accepting and learning from the body. It is based on a series of prolonged postures that encourage meditation. The person has to feel deeply to find the spontaneous flow in the asanas.
14. Restorative yoga
A work that requires deep meditation, with slow movements. A yoga of few postures and of short duration, but with the aim of a psychic cleansing, to feel like new.
15. Sivananda Yoga
A slow yoga practice in which 12 asanas are still used. This type of yoga has its origins in the a philosophy that relaxation, diet, exercise and positive thinking they work together to form a healthy yogic lifestyle
It is based on the idea of tailoring the goals to your own needs and skills. “Wine” refers to differentiation, adaptation and proper application. It is an innovative type of yoga, which it uses neither strength nor flexibility, If not proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF).
17. Prenatal yoga
Yoga can be of great help for moms. Prenatal yoga it is ideal for pregnant women. Thanks to Prenatal Yoga, future mothers will be able to take care of their body or maintain a healthy and relaxed mind, as well as a much more relaxed birth.
18. Tantric Yoga
A yoga that has its origins in control of all energies, including sexual. It is ideal to practice in pairs because it promotes union and balance between male and female energies.
19. Forrest Yoga
Forrest Yoga is a practice that requires great physical effort and aims to transport the transformation of the person beyond yoga sessions. It aims to overcome emotional blockages and find the way forward.
20. Ishta Yoga
This type of yoga was created by Alan Finger in the 1960s in South Africa. It is based on the idea of mental clarity and generosity of spirit. This practice combines the principles of Hatha and Tantra yoga. .
21. Heart-centered yoga
It is a type of yoga that was created in gyms in the United States. It was born in Denver in 2002 and has since spread throughout the West. Focus on the center of the body.
22. Integral Yoga
A gentler Hatha Yoga style, which has its origin in the ideas and guidelines of Sri Swami Satchidananda. In an attempt to integrate the mind, body, and spirit, this type of yoga includes chanting and meditation.
23. Yoga Moksha
Founded at Canada in 2004, it is also known as Yoga Mode. It’s a style that it has 45 asanas performed in an air-conditioned room, Like hot yoga.
24. Yoga Sridaiva
This style is very particular, different from the previous ones and introduces a new alignment system. It’s quite different from other types of yoga in which the knees are kept bent and the pelvis is always tilted forward. Defenders say they find new strength in this formation.