Humans often we ask ourselves questions about our existence and the world around us, thus expressing an innate tendency to reflect and analyze our being and our environment.
Some of these unknowns have a simple answer, but others not so much, because there are facts that the human mind finds difficult to understand. Sometimes, moreover, the environment is too complex and, therefore, venturing to defend a truth radically may not be the best option.
Philosophical questions difficult to answer
In this article you can find a selection of philosophical questions very complicated to answer. They are as follows:
1. What is the secret to being happy?
We have all asked ourselves this question at some point in our lives, and without a doubt many philosophers and scientists were interested in answering it. In fact, what’s the secret to being happy? Does happiness have the same meaning in Western social society as it does during war? A complex response that opens up a great debate.
In this sense, several investigations have been carried out. You can discover the most remarkable results of these studies in this article: “The 10 keys to being happy, according to science”.
2. Will there be life on other planets?
One question that philosophers and scientists have asked is whether there is life elsewhere on our planet. Some people claim to have seen flying saucers and others to have been abducted by aliens, although there is no evidence that this is the case. If we look at the statistical reasoning, it seems unthinkable that there is no other type of life given the myriad of galaxies and planets. However, it can also be argued that the fact that no extraterrestrial organisms have visited us may be an indication that life on other planets may be scarce or nonexistent. At least not sufficiently evolved.
Now whether the aliens walked on Earth or not, Is there life in other regions of the universe? We do not yet have an answer to this question, but it is certain that human beings will continue to seek life form outside of our planet.
3. How can the Universe be infinite?
One of those hard questions to answer is if the cosmos has limits. Humans only know a small part of the Universe, but it appears to be infinite. Can this be possible? In fact, many astronomers claim that the universe is expanding, so technically it would not be infinite but finite. From a lot of people’s point of view, it seems hard to believe and even imagine.
4. Are we good or bad by nature?
According to Ortega i Gasset, man is thrown into the world without an instruction book. We don’t have a guide on how we should behave. But are we good or bad by nature? Were we born with the empty table Locke was talking about? Scientists claim that the environment conditions us remarkably, but what influence does genetics have then?
These questions are undoubtedly difficult to answer. Logically, the environment plays a decisive role in our behavior as demonstrated by Philip Zimbardo in his experience at Stanford prison. But still, it seems hard to believe in those times that, for example, during the Nazi era, so many people were able to kill so many poor innocent people. Most of us don’t think there are such cruel people capable of committing barbaric acts like the Holocaust.
5. Is there justice?
If we look around we will realize that life is not fair. Barbaries are the order of the day in different parts of the world, and how people are judged varies by culture. Is life itself fair or unfair?
6. What is the best moral system?
The previous point leads us to reflect on what is the best moral system and, in fact, it is extremely complex to distinguish between good and evil. Some people can claim at all costs that violence is always unjustifiable. But … what does an individual do in time of war if a group of subjects commits barbarism against his family? Without a doubt, the context has to do with the answer to this question, and life is too complex to believe in universal morals and ethics.
7. Is there life after death?
There is no evidence to suggest that after death our soul dwells in “paradise” or in a better world. But it must also be said that the opposite has not been proven. This question, which fits perfectly into esotericism, has also interested certain philosophers who have maintained that there is something beyond death. However, What is this “something”? Difficult to answer.
8. Is the Big Bang Theory true?
Perhaps we tried to answer this question rather by scienceBut from the human mind, it is almost impossible to understand or imagine the Big Bang theory. Although science seems to have found evidence for the Big Bang, then what is the time? This question can lead us to think about something whose answer is certainly complex and difficult to visualize, because it is very counter-intuitive.
9. Why is there something instead of nothing?
Our presence in the Universe is too complex to be explained in words. Our daily life leads us to live life and to let ourselves be enveloped by the everyday problems, which we normally perceive and by which we perceive that life has meaning. But maybe at some point some of the questions will come to our mind: “How can we have life? How can there be all of these things in the Universe? Or, Why do these physical laws that govern us exist? Nothing in modern physics explains why we have these laws and why the Universe works this way.
10. What is the meaning of life?
Existentialist and humanist philosophers have often questioned the meaning of life and its meaning. This can be interpreted at the individual level from identity research. Now, does this make sense in life or is it a coincidence?
11. Do we have free will?
In the words of Rousseau: “Man is born free, but chained on all sides”. This brings us to the dilemma of determinism. In the philosophy of action, there are two currents with two different views: according to the compatibilist perspective, of which David Hume is the greatest defender, the determinism of action is compatible with the possibility of attributing moral responsibility and free will.
However, there is also the incompatibility perspective, which he maintains that it is not possible to consider determinism and moral responsibility together. In fact, recent studies suggest that we make decisions before we even know it, and Antonio Damasio, in his book The Error of Descartes, argues that emotions are present even in decisions that we believe to be rational.
12. Can we experience the world objectively?
Many times we think we perceive the real and objective world, but is this really the case? Everything we see, feel, smell, etc., passes through our sensory receptors and reaches our brain to process information. However, What would the world be like if we saw hawks or smelled dogs? Surely different.
13. Does God exist?
Does God exist? For atheists, of course not. For believers, of course, yes. Only agnostics admit their ignorance on the answer to this philosophical question. Science has found no evidence that God exists, and in fact, the study of cognition and psychological mechanisms has historically been linked more to atheism than to other areas of knowledge. You may want to read more about this topic in this article: “Can You Be A Psychologist And Believe In God?”.