15 examples of justifying an investigation

Scientific research is a fundamental project to obtain advances and new knowledge that allow us to better understand the world, to manage and manage all kinds of phenomena.

But research is not a spontaneous phenomenon: it requires planning, design and above all a motive to justify its execution. This reason should be particularly compelling in the event that financial and other resources are required for the investigation to start.

For this reason, before starting a scientific project, it is necessary to prepare a justification for this research. Below we will see different examples of justification for an investigation already what questions they have to answer.

    What is the rationale for an investigation?

    The rationale for an investigation is the part of a science project that exposes the reasons and arguments that led the person behind to propose and want to do it. This justification should be added when writing the work in writing, usually appearing at the beginning of it, both in the abstract and in the theoretical introduction. Its objective is to try to answer on what, how, why and why the research was carried out.

    Therefore, the part of the justification is a fundamental thing that any scientific work must explain, because it contains the reasons which made that one or more people decided to launch the investigation which, in the article or the book, is exposed. These are the reasons that are considered to make research useful and beneficial to the scientific community. It is very important to indicate the benefits for common knowledge of conducting or having carried out such research, as well as for advancing the understanding of a given knowledge and its practical applications.

    As its name suggests, the justification of an investigation is the part that justifies the work, that is to say that it is necessary to highlight within it a certain number of arguments which must be sufficiently valid and powerful to prove the need for research. When it comes to proving that the work will be useful, there are many options for arguing and defending such research.

    Among the most common we have the fact that this research has enabled science to advance in a particular area of ​​knowledgeSomething that serves as a backdrop for more complex and extensive research to be developed in the future. It can also be said that the research will be used to apply what has been discovered as a solution to a problem of importance to society.

    Another interesting argument used to justify an investigation is that, from what has been discovered there, it will be possible to develop a new method of something which has already been able to solve but which will be more economical, that is to say -to say that the research will make it possible to develop a new system to face a certain problematic but by lowering the costs, by improving the efficiency or by reducing the consumption of resources, by improving the quality of life of people who could not afford to pay the classic method or promote social and educational changes without having the liquidity of funds as an obstacle.

    Several examples of justification for an investigation

    Now that we know what the rationale is for an investigation and what questions to answer, using strong and valid arguments, we turn to see several examples of the rationale for investigating different areas. Most of them come from real research, only a summary of the introductory part has been presented in which the context of the area to be studied is a little exposed and what are the reasons, objectives and arguments that led to the research team to explore this topic further.

    1. The effects of television on the behavior of young people

    “Television has become the most influential medium in the development of patterns of behavior and thought in children and adolescents around the world, some of which are quite disruptive (violence, aggression, disrespect for teachers and other reference adults). The relationship between television and behavior in young people is suspected, but no clear causal link has been identified.

    This article is intended review the evidence for the adverse effects of television hypothesis, Try to better understand the effect of this medium on young audiences, its social repercussions and define how more responsible television should be. “

    2. Local development and microfinance as strategies for attention to social needs

    “Today, states are involved in two important processes which are viewed too broadly: economics and politics. It often falls into the mistake of neglecting the local, an area which, by focusing on the economic aspect, cannot understand without understanding the nature of small-scale social development (family, neighborhood, village … ) and the small economic transactions that take place there: microfinance If microfinance has been largely ignored, it certainly influences socio-economic policies, although often in unexpected ways.

    The development of a society can be approached not only globally, but also by paying particular attention to the local and trying to understand microfinance in its many dimensions: economic, social, environmental, political, cultural and institutional. The purpose of this article is precisely to explore these dimensions, by addressing the different theoretical approaches to the notions of local development and microfinance in order to build them into tools to meet the socio-economic needs of people with fewer resources.

    Since the needs and the capacity to meet them are indicative of the poverty of the society, these seemingly insignificant socio-economic aspects must be included in the political agenda, In order to understand and design better intervention strategies for the most disadvantaged ”.

    3. Expression of rabies virus G protein in carrot and corn

    “Rabies causes heavy economic losses, both in terms of treatment methods and preventive vaccines.” Current vaccines are difficult to access and acquire for the population of developing countries, because they do not have the logistical or economic resources because the entire population is vaccinated against this disease, which is why it is necessary to develop new alternatives to rabies vaccine, made with resources that can be obtained in countries with subsistence economies.

    Among the benefits of plant-based vaccines are reduced costs of production, storage, transportation and distribution. In addition, it is possible to administer plant tissues to humans or animals without the need to purify the protein of interest. For this reason it is interesting how the G protein of the rabies virus is expressed in vegetables, especially in carrots and corn, Plants widely cultivated throughout the world “.

    4. Full use of shellfish waste

    “Each year the shrimp industry discards hundreds of tonnes of crustacean scraps, especially the exoskeleton (shell) and cephalothorax (head). These pieces contain a substance, chitin, which may have applications in the preservation of foods Highly perishable, such as fresh fruit.

    Currently, several methods have been used to preserve the fruit and not all of them are environmentally friendly. The objective of this research is to determine whether the application of a biofilm of chitin and chitosan, obtained by green chemistry, is beneficial in prolonging the shelf life of fruits and propose it as a new ecological method of crop conservation“Because these two substances are neither harmful nor aggressive for the environment.”

    5. Reduction of depression in the elderly through reminiscence therapy

    “There is little work on modifying autobiographical memories with different age groups. However, some research has pointed out that life review based on autobiographical memory retrieval is effective in altering these memories in people with depression.

    This work is based on the results of several studies that indicate a significant reduction in symptoms of depression in older people who have been subjected to a program with individual reminiscence sessions, a program that promotes recovery from positive and negative events. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between depressive symptoms of old age and the characteristics of autobiographical memories“In other words, what role do acquired memories play in explaining the symptoms of depression?”

    6. Alteration of pharmacological treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes

    “Diabetes mellitus is a disease strongly determined by genetics, in which the individual presents alterations in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, with a relative or absolute deficit of insulin secretion. Between 85 and 90% of patients with diabetes mellitus are type 2 diabetics and it is chronic.

    By affection to a treatment is meant the behavior of the patient when the latter agrees with the medical prescription, by taking the prescribed drugs, by following the prescribed regimes or by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Affection with a treatment is important to assess the clinical course of a pathology. Studies show that 50% of people with chronic conditions stick to their treatment, with several risk factors for not doing so.

    We consider it important to identify in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus what is the frequency of non-involvement in therapy, how it is related to metabolic control as well as to detect more precisely what are the associated risk factors. the most common, in order to carry out programs tending to change behavior in order to encourage them to follow the prescribed treatment“.

    7. Relationship between family climate and school climate

    “Classical studies, like that of Bernstein in the 1970s, suggest that negative or positive attitudes of adolescents towards teachers can be determined by their family’s perception of education. Both the family environment and the attitude towards authority in the classroom itself seem to be two factors of great importance in explaining violent behavior in adolescence in the school context.

    With this in mind, the main objective of this work has been examine the relationship between the two contexts based on the adolescent’s perception of the family and school climate, Analyze the role that different individual factors play in the interaction between these two contexts ”.

    8. Prevention of gender-based violence in universities

    “University colleges are no strangers to gender-based violence. As a social problem, gender-based violence affects women of all social classes, ages, cultures and economic levels, and transcends conventional stereotypes associated with those who suffer from it, why and where it happens, it is the same as whether it is a socio-economically unfavorable context or whether you are in the most select private university: violence against women is everywhere.

    Therefore, the aim of the present research was analyze the existence of gender violence in Spanish universities and identify and develop measures that can help prevent it, Detect the main objectives, motivations and contexts in which there is a greater possibility of this happening in the university population “.

    9. Linguistic study in children with Down syndrome

    “This final diploma project focuses on Down syndrome, in particular on delineating the basic capacities of people with this intellectual disability, focusing on the literacy processes during primary education.

    The aim of the study is get information that will help families with a member with this syndrome, In order to help them progress while taking into account their linguistic skills and to develop resources which allow the acquisition of theoretical and practical skills to be able to progress professionally, socially and personally ”.

    10. Effects of the implementation of a VAT system in the United Arab Emirates

    “The six member countries of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (CCEAG) have agreed to launch a common market to increase investment and trade among its members. To facilitate this proposal, countries agreed to implement a value added tax (VAT) system for 2012.

    It is absolutely necessary to assess the basic principles and the social and economic implications that this new measure could have before being officially implemented.. The aim of this work is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the proposed VAT system and the socio-economic repercussions it could have for the Gulf countries, as well as to identify potential risks and develop preventive strategies. “

    11. Study on the benefits of reading aloud for students

    One of the more traditional teaching techniques is reading aloud to students. One student reads aloud, while the others follow the reading in their respective books, knowing which line goes and in case the teacher reads it aloud. asks, move the student to another to read aloud.

    Still classic, the benefits of reading aloud and listening for the acquisition of content in the classroom have not been thoroughly evaluated. Among the suspected benefits of this technique we have that the student not only learns to control the volume of his voice or knows how to project it in a public context such as the classroom, but also, in case he needs to listen., Allows to improve. the capacity for active listening, for internalizing academic knowledge.

    The aim of the present research is to find out to what extent these suspicious benefits are real, and see if students’ reading aloud method, both by the teacher and by one of them, improves comprehension skills and nurtures critical thinking in the student, By following the class more and asking questions about the content while simultaneously acquiring it ”.

    12. Project to increase the production of Chinese wind turbines

    “Before 1992, the Yavapai ranch was traditionally operated. About two-thirds of the ranch was not closed and a fairly simple irrigation system was used. The cattle were free all year round. without exposing potentially fertile areas that could be used for growing fruits, vegetables and grains. preferred areas for livestock were those close to water sources, wasted in the absence of a complex irrigation system that irrigated the entire property.

    It is surprising how badly the Yavapai Ranch is operating since, given its potential profitability, it turns out to be a great opportunity for wasted production. The reason for this project is to improve the irrigation system and to make better use of the land, in the hope of a greater increase in production and therefore greater obtaining of income that supports the farmers. investment costs. Outraged, grazing control should improve the vegetation cover of historically exploited areas on the ranch but passively “.

    13. Teach math and understand its usefulness in real life

    “To date, the way we teach math has focused on giving the student a definition or formula, showing an example of how to use it, and expecting that he is able to imitate him, without even explaining it. The certainty of understanding what to do, nor of encouraging the development of the student’s creative and integrative capacity, the emphasis is more on memorization than on comprehension. Traditional tools do not provide the tools to investigate, analyze and discern the problem.

    The main objective and goal of this project is to teach students to use mathematics in their daily life, learning that it is useful for all kinds of fields beyond the subject of mathematics: economics, technology, science … So it is proposed to give them real examples, in which they themselves have to use their knowledge and their ability to solve to come up with a process of solving the same, speaking to each other or communicating more accurately any your mental processing.

    The justification for this project is the large number of students who, after being told what to do or what formula to apply, disconnect it from reality itself. Rare are the pupils who at the end of the mathematics subject, it is as if they had learned nothing, in the sense that they are not able to see the relation between what has been learned in this subject. and their real life. Mathematics is not in the curriculum to teach unnecessary content, but to help people understand reality and solve real life problems, Like any other subject “.

    14. Study on the reproduction of sockeye salmon in Canada

    “The purpose of this study is to observe and analyze the habits of Fraser River sockeye salmon (British Columbia, Canada). The rationale for this research is that, due to global environmental changes and increasing water temperature, it has been found that the population of this species in this area has changed, not being sure that the species is safe and even suspecting a possible risk that sockeye salmon could become a species in Endangered. “

    The impact of humans on this species is well known and historical, as the exploitation of natural resources in its habitat and other economic activities had already significantly altered the ecological niche where sockeye salmon thrive and reproduce. Know what have been the adaptation and change processes of this species more specific conservation programs can be developed, in addition to launching environmental projects to prevent the total disappearance of sockeye. “

    15. Rationale for the treatment and use of laboratory animals

    “ The use of animals in scientific research is something that has historically been considered necessary since the existence of ethical codes that protect people against participating in experiments without their consent or against any kind of harm, to both physical and mental, animal research has opened up much debate, as the use of non-human animals is made to test techniques that would never be used in humans, such as disease implantation, testing potentially dangerous drugs or to extirpate vital parts.

    If throughout the 20th century and the 20th century we have developed multiple codes of ethics that deal with the ethical treatment of laboratory animals, the simple fact of using them without their consent is an aspect that animal movements do not neglect. Research should only be carried out if there is a clear scientific objective, and this involves minimal harm and suffering to the animal.

    This point is not the justification for an investigation itself, but rather what is deemed necessary to justify an investigation using animals. The scientific aim of the research it must have great potential benefit for scientific knowledge at the expense of suffering, Preferably not very serious, from the animal. The species chosen should be the most appropriate, not threatened or protected by law and know how to treat them in the least stressful way possible, but involving some kind of scientific benefit. “

    bibliographical references

    • Afonso, R. and Bueno, B. (2010). Reminiscence with different types of autobiographical memories: effects on reducing depressive symptoms in the elderly Psicothema, 22 (2): 213-220 University of Oviedo Oviedo, Spain.
    • Durán-Varela, BR, Rivera-Chavira, B. and Franco-Gallecs, I. (2000). Affection of pharmacological treatment in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. National Institute of Public Health.
    • Moreno Ruiz, D., Estévez López, I., Murgui Pérez, S. and Musitu Ochoa, G. (2009). Relationship between family climate and school climate: the role of empathy, attitude towards authority and violent behavior in adolescence. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 9 (1): 123-136. University of Almeria Almeria, Spain
    • Valls Carol, R., Torrego Egido, L., Colás Bravo, P., and Ruiz Eugenio, L. (2009). Prevention of gender-based violence in universities: evaluation of the university community on support and prevention measures. Interuniversity Teacher Training Journal, (64), 41-58.
    • Mballa, Louis Valentin. (2017). Local development and microfinance as strategies to meet social needs: a conceptual theoretical approach. Mexican Journal of Political and Social Sciences, 62 (229).
    • Sarabia-Bañuelos, P. et al (2015) Integral use of crustaceans: obtaining chitin and chitosan from their cephalothorax and exoskeleton by ecological methods and carotenoproteins for human consumption. (Doctoral thesis) National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City
    • Rojas-Anaya, I. (2009) Expression of rabies virus G protein in carrots and maize and its evaluation as an oral immunogen (doctoral thesis) National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City
    • Calderón-Bernal, E. (2015) Linguistic study in children with Down syndrome. (Final diploma project) University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
    • Escobar, Marithza. (2006). The effects of television on the behavior of young audiences from the angle of convergence and cultural practices. Universitas psychologica, ISSN 1657-9267, Vol. 5, Num. 2, 2006, p. 205-222. 5.
    • Al Mehrezi, MA. (2013). Effects of the implementation of a VAT collection system in the whole of the United Arab Emirates and in the emirate of Ras Al-Khaimah in particular
    • Kleeck, AV, Stahl, S. and Bauer, E. (2003). Reading aloud to young children in the classroom Teaching activity: Research and practice ideas.
    • Griñón, M. (2009). Mathematics and their didactics II. Course 2009-2010. University of the Basque Country. Retrieved from: http://www.ehu.eus/ikastorratza/5_alea/casas/casas.pdf
    • Healey, Michael. (2011). Cumulative effects of climate change on Fraser River salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and their management implications. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 68, 718-737. 10.1139 / f11-010.
    • Festing, S. and Wilkinson, R. (2007). The ethics of animal research. Discussion point on the use of animals in scientific research. EMBO Reports, 8 (6), 526-530. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.embor.7400993

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