The Egyptian gods were the fundamental figures of beliefs and rituals in ancient Egyptian society.. These beliefs formed a complex system of interaction between gods and civilians, convinced of the control and supernatural powers of these deities, capable of altering the fate of people.
In this way, the attributes, offerings, prayers and other rituals dedicated to the Egyptian gods, were exclusively directed to gain the sympathy of these and to be able to count on their favors.
On the other hand, a well-known figure from ancient Egypt is the pharaoh who, in addition to governing, served as a link between the divinity and the people. The citizens expressed all kinds of reverence to keep their gods “happy” and for them to maintain a permanent state of order and peace.
The most important Egyptian gods
Below is a list of the most important Egyptian gods, with a brief description of each and an explanation of the influence they have had throughout history.
He was the father god of Seth, Nephythys and Osiris, and was depicted as a man with a goose on his head. No cult has been attributed to him because of his status as an earthly god. It was a symbol of fertility, and the earthquakes in Egypt were related to the god Geb with his laughter.
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The body of this female god it was made up of three different animals: the lion, the crocodile and the hippopotamus. Unlike the rest of the gods, Ammit was considered a demon and was feared for whatever he represented (death).
Father of Nut and Geb and husband of Tefnut. With his wife, they were the first Egyptian gods created by Atum. He was the god of the air and the sun; The main task of Shu was to hold the body of the goddess Nun and thus separate the sky from the earth.
Mother goddess of Nephythys, Seth, Isis and Osiris. By the composition of his thin, thin and elongated body, symbolized the sky. According to ancient Egypt, Nut swallowed the sun every night and gave it light at dawn. Its graphic representation is found in many temples, as well as in the coffins of the dead.
This god was also known as Ammon, and he was the main deity of the city of Thebes. He was the patron of the pharaohs of the same city, and was placed at the highest level of the pantheon along with the god Ra. The merger between Amon and Ra gave birth to the god Amon-Ra, and he was baptized as “the king of the gods”.
This god was represented as a man with a jackal’s head. Son of Seth and Nephythys, he was the protector of the dead. Anubis was responsible for bringing the dead to the day of their final judgment. It was also linked to the process of mummification and preservation of bodies.
He was a god of the underworld, the name had the meaning of “devourer of eternity”. He was depicted as a man with a canine head who lived in a lake of fire.
This female goddess was highly regarded in ancient Egyptian culture. Many temples have been dedicated to him, As she represented the goddess of war. The same god Ramses named his daughter Bint Anat (daughter of Anat in Arabic).
Unlike other gods, Bes was drawn with his gaze on his forehead, no profile. He was a stocky being, with a short head, his tongue sticking out, and he was considered the god of childbirth. It is believed that Bes scared demons at night and protected people from dangerous animals.
He was the god who represented the flow of the Nile. It was a man with big breasts and a big belly and an ornament on his head made of aquatic plants. It is believed that he lived in the caves of the river and his cult was forged around the city of Aswan.
Main enemy of the god Seth, this god was the son of Isis and Osiris. His portrayal has always been vague: some Egyptologists claim he was a man with the head of a falcon, others as a whole hawk, and some claim that Horus was a child with curls sitting on his mother’s lap.
After killing the god Seth, he became the king of Egypt, was the god of heaven, and was considered the protector of kings.
He was one of the few commoners to achieve divine status. He was an Egyptian mathematical expert and was chancellor during the time of the Third Dynasty. He himself had his own tomb built in what would be his last resting place (it has since been hidden and it is not yet known where it is).
A key figure in ancient Egyptian mythology, Isis was the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. It was linked to funeral rituals and he is said to have created the first mummy with the dismembered remains of Osiris.
When she resurrected Osiris, she gave life to Horus, so she was also considered the goddess of life, healing and a protector of kings. For ancient culture, Isis represented the ideal wife, loving, pious and affectionate.
Daughter of Geb and Nut, sister of Isis, wife of Seth and mother of Anubis, this goddess was known as the “lady of the palaces”. Like the goddess Isis, Nephythys she is considered the Egyptian goddess protector of the dead.
One of the most important gods, he was the first king of Egypt. It was assumed that it was he who brought civilization to the human race. Risen by his wife Isis, he thus became the god of the underworld and the chief judge of death.
He was the supreme sun god, represented as a man with the head of a falcon. Every night he went to the underworld to fight evil and chaos, and at dawn he was reborn. The Egyptian kings claimed to be the direct descendants of Ra, so they called themselves “Son of Ra”.
He was the son of Geb and Nut, brother of Osiris. He was considered the god of darkness, confusion and chaos. He was depicted as a man with an elongated muzzle head and long ears, possibly the skull of an anteater. Seth killed his brother and he stole the throne of Egypt from him, and most of the gods hated him. Horus managed to finish off Seth, in what was seen as the battle between good and evil.
Goddess of humidity and corrosion, she was the wife of Shu and mother of Nut and Geb. Along with her husband, they were the first gods created by Atum. It is represented in two ways: lion-headed woman or like a lioness.
He was considered the creator of the world by his thoughts and prayers, and therefore was considered the creator god. Ptah was related to craftsmen and he had a temple in his honor.
According to Egyptian mythology, it was first a lotus flower that existed during the creation of the world and was born from the source of life. He was considered the son of the creator god, Ptah, and the goddess Sekhmet. He was generally portrayed as a handsome, stocky young man.
Egyptian god represented by a large serpent, Was also considered another protective deity. He made forays with the god Ra on his nocturnal descent into darkness (remember Ra was a protector of good).
His name means “traveler”, Maybe related to the trip he made to the moon every night. This god played a major role in the creation of life and creatures. In this way, he was considered the god of the moon.
He is one of the oldest Egyptian gods in mythology and is depicted as a man with the head of a sheep. Originally considered to be the source of the NileHe was also considered to be the creator of children by bringing them out of the mud to introduce them into their mother’s womb.
She was the goddess of love, fertility, sex, war and power. She was Anu’s daughter. He is believed to have been the divine personification of the planet Venus.
This Egyptian god is a favorite in science fiction novels and movies. It was related to the blue beetle. Khepri symbolizes creation and rebirth. He was drawn as a man with the head of a beetle.