6 consequences of pollution on health and society

All humans share everything on Earth with all living things on the planet. So, whatever the distance between a living being and another, which has a negative impact on the planet potentially affects each of the species.

It is obvious that there are consequences of pollution on health and society. Pollution in our environment is one of the agents that are negative for the ecosystems in which we live, having a significant impact on the lives of people and all living things.

    Main consequences of pollution for health and society

    Pollution is one of the main concerns of the world for its contribution to the destruction of the world as we have known it. In addition, it has a serious impact on human health and the environment.

    Most people think of industrial sewage pipes, oil spills, or toxic waste containers left in the environment. Despite this, the sources of pollution are generally more subtle and the most dangerous pollution.

    When we live in a pollution-free environment, we have a better quality of life. There are different types of pollution, though air and water pollution stand out from all of them. Below we will look at the main consequences of pollution on health and society.

    1. Water poisoning

    In addition to industrial waste and motor vehicles, There are other sources of pollution closer to our business than we might think. Fertilizers used in our gardens, oil thrown from the sink or used batteries without recycling are examples.

    During heavy rains, all materials can seep into the basement with water and poison the ecosystems we live in, affecting plants and animals. For example, water pollution ends up affecting marine life, which is one of our food sources.

    Raising farm animals also involves many problems for the basement. due to the debris of these animals. These can provide products derived from nitrogen or phosphorus, while cations such as potassium or magnesium which remain fixed in the subsoil and contaminate it, harming other species in the environment.

    Bacteria, viruses and parasites are also biological agents that can contaminate water used for human consumption. Pathogens can originate from human or animal feces due to improper water treatment.

      2. Harmful foods

      Although not intentionally added, natural or chemical contaminants can be found in foods. If the presence is mainly due to the result of different stages of production, processing or transport, as well as environmental pollution.

      Due to environmental pollution, some heavy metals can be part of our diet. Their effects depend on the concentration in which they are found and are due to their natural presence or to pollution from polluting sources such as motor vehicle engines.

      Arsenic, mercury, lead, cadmium and aluminum are the main causes of environmental pollution in food naturally, but they are joined by other metals or the same ones from global industrialization.

      3. Heavy pollution in cities

      The consequences of pollution affect the entire population for health problems and also at the level of society, being the people most directly affected are those who live in large cities. Coughing and wheezing are common symptoms seen among townspeople.

      It is estimated that 7 million people die each year worldwide due to pathologies linked to air pollution. In urban areas with a high population concentration, this is where there is more pollution, produces means of transport, industry, heating systems, etc.

      In a city, there is emission of large quantities of gases harmful to our health. Scientifically, a very close relationship has been found between poor air quality in large cities and increased disease rates. Highlights include cardiovascular and respiratory disease, as well as other organ complications, cancer, low birth weight, and complications of fetal growth.

      4. Damage caused by physical exercise

      Having polluted air is a source of concern even if we want to take care of ourselves by exercising. When engaging in physical activity, it is always best to do so away from sources of air pollution. If we don’t do it this way we can inhale many harmful particles, And in the face of the high demands for oxygen in our body, we need more breaths per minute.

      This way more pollutants can reach our airways, where they can stay from there.

      If there is no possibility to leave the city, it is better to select the areas and times with the lowest pollution rate. For example, the early hours of the morning are ideal for exercise, as there was no traffic during the night. There are also people who wear masks with special filters, This allows them to exercise wherever they want.

      5. Development of diseases

      Exposure to toxic substances, short or long term, it has a toxicological impact on living things, and obviously that includes us as humans.

      Among the types of pollution that are the main risk factors, air pollution stands out. Diseases such as asthma, lung cancer, ventricular hypertrophy, autism, retinopathy, or degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease have a higher incidence and progression if the person is exposed to this type of contamination. It also damages the immune system and the endocrine and reproductive systems.

      On the other hand, water contaminated with chemicals can also cause hormonal and reproductive problems, nervous system damage, liver and kidney damage, and cancer. Being exposed to water contaminated with substances such as mercury can lead to Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, heart disease and even death at very high concentrations.

      6. Species extinction

      Pollution destroys ecosystems and causes the destabilization of food chains, leading to the extinction of all forms of life.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Díaz-Fierros Tabernero, F., Díaz-Fierros Viqueira, F. and Penya Castiñeira, FJ (2000) Problems and perspectives of environmental health. Cahiers de bioéthique, 9 (42), 169-176.
      • Ferrer A, Nogué S, Vargas F. and Castell O. (2000). Toxic surveillance: a useful tool for public health. Med Clin, 115, 238.
      • Smith, KR, Corvalan, CF, Kjellstrom, T. (1999). What poor global health can be attributed to environmental factors? Epidemiology 10 (5), 573-84.
      • Weiland, SK, Husing, A., Strachan, DP, Rzehak, P., and Pearce, N. (2004). Climate and prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic eczema in children. Occup Environ Med, 61 (7), 609-615.

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