Quoting a sentence, a text, an entire paragraph … is this task which has always led students and authors of books and articles specially dedicated to the field of research and / or teaching. Plagiarism is often reported or scientific work is suspended for incorrect use of the format during citation.
There are, however, several styles and regulations to cite in this article we will focus exclusively on the APA format for book citation.
- Related article: “How to cite a website with APA regulations, in 4 steps”
What to quote?
An appointment is that phrase or phrase taken directly from another work to contextualize an idea or theme in a new book or research task. In other words, quoting reinforces, contextualizes and serves as a support to clarify an idea to be presented.
The citation functions are diverse and it will depend on the use that each author wants to make of it. They can be used to initiate debate, to expose affinity with a particular author, to expand a text, to clarify an idea, or simply to provide a more consistent definition.
9 steps to quote with APA regulations
In this article we will explain the steps to correctly cite a book in APA format since, depending on the type of information you want to add to a new work, we can use one style or another in the same regulations (textual or non-textual).
1. Collect information
When preparing a new work, it is very important to extract basic and precise information from the author or book you want to include, as this will enrich our thesis when clarifying certain information. It is important go to primary sources as much as possible.
2. Consider the work and the author
This step is very important because a wrong choice of book or author can determine a wrong interpretation of the topic or the idea that you want to reach the reader. First of all, the author must have some recognition, that he is an expert on the subject and that the ideas are reliable. In the event that you are trying to convey the ideas of the author himself (however good they may be), you need to focus on that person’s words, not on the interpretation that others have made of them.
3. Textual quote
In this case, an exact copy of the fragment to be extracted must be made., Transcribe the text faithfully and verbatim. This way, the copied paragraph is in quotation marks, and according to APA regulations in parentheses must be the name of the author (s), the year of publication and the page from which the text is extracted. For example:
“The Orient was almost a European invention, and since ancient times it had been the scene of romances, exotic beings, unforgettable memories and landscapes and extraordinary experiences” (Edward Said, 1978, p.19 ).
4. Text citation emphasizing the author
First the author in question is mentioned, put in brackets the year and finally the page is written just behind the copied fragment. Sample quote:
Edward Said (2002) wrote that “The Orient which I describe in my book as being created in some way by British and French conquerors, administrators, academics, travelers, artists, novelists and poets is always something that is <> ”(p.10)
5. Detailed textual citation
In this case, it is a text of more than 40 words and is written without quotes. in a separate paragraph with an indentation of 5 spaces on the left side, By citing the author first, putting the year in brackets and indicating the page at the end of the text. Here is an example:
By Sigmund Freud (1930):
The psychoanalysis founded by him could be considered from a triple perspective: as a therapeutic method, as a psychic theory and as a method of study of general application, which could then be devoted to the analysis of the most varied productions. what he himself called “applied psychoanalysis”. (P.9)
6. Specific non-textual citation
Quoting in a non-textual manner means making a brief summary of part of the work or of the source consulted, without copying word for word the idea to be presented. Example:
Sigmund Freud (1930) prefers to focus on the pathways to happiness … (p.29)
7. Generic indirect citation
Just quote the author and the year, without adding the page. It is written without quotes:
Karl Marx (1848) refers to capital as …
8. Cite several authors
When they are two authors, it is easy. Two surnames are written and the year: Marx and Engels (1855). When there are three or more authors, if they are cited for the first time, the names of all authors and the year should be included. When cited for the second time, only the last name of the first author is entered and an “et al” is added: Varoufakis and. al (1999).
Finally, we find ourselves in the last section when we quote the authors of a book. In the last section of the new work or work that has been prepared, all bibliographic references of citations used in the new text will be added in alphabetical order:
Karl M. and Friedrich I. (1848). The Communist Manifesto. Madrid: Editorial alliance.
Said, E. (1978). Orientalism. Barcelona: Random House Mondadori.