When we do a job or prepare a scientific articleWe often have to use concepts, terms, and definitions that have been developed by others, or we find that work done by others supports our own research or theories.
In order to reflect the authorship of these concepts, provide a particular author’s view of a reality and validate the information we provide we must cite the sources from which we extracted the information.
There are many formats that can be applied when creating quotes. One of the best known and used, especially in the world of psychology, is the APA format.
What does quote mean?
The word citation has many meanings, such as warning, giving notice to court, or summoning someone to go to a certain place at a certain time. However when we talk about making a citation at the bibliographic level it is a question of explicitly mentioning a source from which certain information has been extracted.
Both quotes can be made when you literally use the same words as the original author of an idea or to support in their work the arguments that were used throughout the document being created. It can also sometimes be used to show a particular author’s opinion on a specific topic. Citations are usually made both within the text and in a section at the end of the document, bibliographic references.
The APA regulation
One of the best known formats for making quotes is the APA format, which was created in 1929 by different professionals from different branches, especially from the world of psychology. this style it is named after the American Psychological Association, which developed it.
The aim of this format is to forge a model that allows the expression of ideas and concepts in a precise and clear manner, without major complications for the reader when identify and understand both concepts and their origin.
Since its conception, the APA format has evolved over time, introducing small changes that have brought it to its current version. It is one of the most used formats when quoting and not only in the different branches of psychology, but also in many other scientific disciplines.
How to cite websites in APA format
Quote in APA format is easyO, As it is based on the clarity of the format to use and apply. However, for this you need to know how to do it.
Below you can see some basic steps to cite correctly in APA format, especially when using a website as a source of information (While the differences with other types of sources are minimal).
1. Extract basic information from the original text
When we go through a text and take it as a reference or use an author or their theory, we have to extract different information if we intend to cite and reference it correctly. The name and initial of the author (s), year of publication, title, if it belongs to a textbook, journal, thesis or website and their name, publisher if applicable . The, the city and if so, on which page the information can be found.
On a web page we will usually only find part of this dataBut sometimes they can find books and magazines published on the web that they can have.
If we don’t have a name or date, can be specified by indicating Unknown or Anonymous instead of the first or sf (no date) if we don’t have the second.
2. Take into account the web address and the date
In this case, that of a web page, we will have more than the above to extract the URL or web address so that potential readers can access it if they wish to view it, as well as the date on which we collected the information from it. The latter is more important than it sounds, especially considering that the authors of a page may decide to close it or remove content for a specific reason.
3. Quote in text
If throughout the text we want to refer to an idea from a particular author or support our argument with work done by other people, we need to quote.
When an appointment is made throughout the text, it suffices to put in brackets the name of the author’s first surname and the year of publication, separating the two data with a comma. If there is more than one author, the names of all authors separated by commas must be placed first (except in the case of the last and penultimate, which are separated by an “i” or “&”).
If cited more than once, From the first can only use the last name of the principal and add “and choux”. or “et al.” to refer to the existence of more collaborators. This aspect is done in the same way for both article and book citations and web pages.
The basic structure is as follows: (Name of author, year of publication). For example, to cite this article throughout a text, it would suffice to put: (Castillero, 2017).
It is also valid to put the author’s last name in the text if we are making a literal or paraphrased quote, placing the year in parentheses. Using another different example, we could put: “As Einstein indicated in his theory of relativity (1915) …”
4. Bibliographical references
Once the text is written it is necessary to make a section with the bibliographical references that have been used, when we will use all the information previously collected in the first two points. Note that if there are more than one, they must be sorted alphabetically.
To correctly reference a web page, Must proceed by placing the author’s last name first, followed by a comma then the initial of their first name followed by a period. If there is more than one author, they are separated from each other by a comma or semicolon. In this case, not all of the authors of the source itself should appear.
The year of publication is then placed in parentheses, followed by a parenthesis for a period. Subsequently, the title of the article in question is placed, in italics, followed in parentheses by the type of publication in question.
After that, it is detailed which web page was collected, the URL which will be entered by a particle like “Fetched from”, “Available to” or “Consolated to” and then the URL in question. After that, the date of the consultation will be indicated in brackets.
The basic structure would be: last name, initial name. (Year). Title in italics. [Tipo de publicación]. Available on: URL [fecha].