Given the accumulation of reviews – both positive and negative – that generated the news Marc Marquez (Bi-Spanish Moto GP World Champion) about his desire to register Andorra and to pay tribute to the country of the Pyrenees in his subsequent declarationsI decided to give my opinion on the case and thus contribute a grain of sand to the established debate. To this end, I propose an exploration at different levels of analysis: social, political and economic of the existing economic and fiscal situation in Spain.
My contributions are part of a logic of healthy, free and open debate. I don’t want to offend anyone. I would also like to stress that the Marquez controversy will not monopolize my analysis, but rather I intend to prevail in the context in which it takes place.
Conceptualization and brief history of neoliberalism
Today we live in a special period of capitalism. the neoliberalism, Stage of capitalism, is a liberal ideology and method of analysis, the result of a new economic vision of the world, development took place in the years of government of Roland reagan I Margaret thatcher, Who ordered the breaking of the pacts of Breton wood (1971). The latter established the rules of the global financial system, which had to respect the centrality of the dollar as a currency. With its breakdown a system called crystallized from floating changes.
the neoliberalism seeks, in general, to denounce a strong or interventionist State in the economy as well as to reduce the power acquired by the popular classes, reflected, in part, by a Welfare state. In the words of David Harvey, in his book Brief history of neoliberalism, “ Neoliberalism is above all a theory of political and economic practice which asserts that the best way to promote the well-being of human beings is not to restrict the free development of the capacities and commercial freedoms of the individual, in an institutional framework. framework characterized by private property rights, strong free markets and free trade. “In theory, it is very beautiful, but in practice it translates into policies whose aim is to dismantle part of the stateOr in other words, breaking down the public sector by keeping it just to maintain stability or social cohesion so that businesses can compete without too much regulation. This inexorably leads to less state intervention in the economy, so that private companies replace this management, previously guaranteed by the state, to offer more opportunities for their accumulation of capital at the expense of society.
In short, the neoliberalism, As good as globalization that accompanies it, it is the direct effect of the need of certain companies or large capitals (at their beginning mainly American financial ones) of securing economic expansion at the expense of the state and, ultimately, at the expense of the popular classes, Those who cannot enjoy it free exchange just as their accumulation of capital is too low to escape from the ideological and administrative reality imposed by them: the Nation state.
The normalization of neoliberal ideology
Marquez’s case has received a lot of publicity and he may not deserve as much punishment. On the contrary, a scandalous affair like that of the President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker and the “Tax resolution” in Luxembourg, they have had a relevance of testimony and have barely overcome the sieve of table setting. However, this event seems interesting to us because it takes place in a context of ideological domination. neoliberal, settles in the minds of much of us, crystallizing in the daily tasks of citizens.
The main problem lies in the undemocratic logic of neoliberalism. This new system liberal it is widely exploited by those who have the capacity to move capital out of some borders into others. The argument for a neoliberalConscious or not of being, is based on their perception of the freedom acquired by this hegemonic vision. the freedom for a liberal consists of the mercantilist logic: the free flow of capital, goods and people with almost no restrictions or regulations. Following this logic, Europe would be one of the freest places in the world. I do not share this perception, at least in part, because, as this ideology implicitly shows, freedom is linked to the ability to accumulate monetary resources and, ultimately, your social class. The more free you are, the easier it is to accumulate capital, as you can take advantage of other taxes and facilities available for major capitals.
The application in the case of Marquez? Very simple. While most of us do not have the capacity to accumulate, reality, which presents itself as a range of possibilities, is essentially that limited by Nation state. On the other hand, the Marquez or the Pujol they have a mass of capital the amount of which requires them to transfer from one side to the other understanding – actively or passively the possibilities neoliberalism their offer. First conclusion? the neoliberalism it gives more capacity to those who own it the most so that it can get rid of, for example, the national taxation, which in the case of elite athletes is 56%. This characteristic, recently denounced by many senior police officers in France (com Jean-Francois Gayraud), Brings a criminal dimension to the capitalist system.
The example of acts of tax evasion is often offered Google He Apple to legitimize the action of the young athlete. That these companies take advantage of a system of free movement of capital to tax where better conditions offer them, is absolutely true. But that does not legitimize others to do so. In fact, the responsibility of a patriot, sitting Catalan or Spanish (not too important), is the answer to your Nation. And even more at a historic time when its citizens need it the most, because they don’t appreciate it. freedom. It should be understood that the young pilot takes advantage of the segregation of a large number of fans who are reflected in him, precisely because of his status as a national “brother”; of prodigal son. A few days ago the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), an organization made up of most of the world’s most developed states, showed statistics that ranked Spain as the fourth OECD country with the most inequality between rich and poor. Only three countries overcome this bad figure: Turkey, the United States and Mexico. In addition, the study showed that Spain won the trophy for the country where these inequalities have worsened the most since the economic crisis. Welcome to Marquez Money for those who cannot afford to heat themselves or to fill the fridge! Or to be more realistic, welcome to try and save our public accounts and our decimated welfare state, in part, by the nearly $ 100 billion bailout from Spain’s private bank.
To add another cherry to the question, it should be mentioned that in Spain some companies and fortunes have been evaded by some. 107.35 billion dollars in 2011 according to Tax Justice Network. Elite athletes are part of that elite capable of escaping the capital of state taxation and there are many cases found in Spanish sport (Lionel messi is one of those cases, recently prosecuted and finally reached an agreement with the Treasury to pay what was demanded of it).
The nation: “farce for the rich, a reality for the poor”
It has often been debated whether capitalist interests always respond to the interests of Nation state. The truth is that this question is complex and I would like to cover it assuming that both cases are possible (in the next article I will offer a more in-depth analysis of this debate). The case of Marquez leads us to question the schizophrenia arose between national ideological values and the contradiction with the individualist interest fruit of neoliberal capitalism. The tax evasion of large fortunes, as we mentioned in the previous point, places this question at the center of the debate.
National ideological anchoring acts as a limiter, because it confers a sense of identity of horizontal solidarity without distinction of class (identity distinctions prevail) and binds society within a framework with “real” borders. the neoliberalism and the globalization they open these borders to the brim while maintaining the ideological reality of the nation to close the claims of those who do not benefit from the privileges deriving from the possession of large capital. My personal opinion is that a patriot is the one who pays taxes in his country, exercising political responsibility, and not the one who strongly shakes the flag.
Marc Marquez will be in trouble. The media pressure seems to have exerted a significant weight: Cervera seems to have understood that he feeds himself, in part, thanks to the Spanish fans and, without them, his image as a national idol and advertising icon can be punished, losing a part of its advertising. appeal and, ultimately, be able to compromise a significant income. Schizophrenia occurs when this great mass, which gives it this social value, sees in its desire to change residence a betrayal of national values. These values, for the most part, remain chained to the reality of Nation state (Both sentimentally and tributally). The nation, as we have said, is a concept that prevails over the question of identity over the question of social class, allowing a kind of solidarity or pact between classes. When this cultural paradigm is threatened, all the popularity gained by excellent work in the motorcycle world and its wide media repercussion can be destroyed in seconds.
Marquez understood a lot in a short period of time (or should have). Her national responsibility for his countrymen could be one of those things. This money does not give everything, could be the second. The third, and more complex: that the national ideology it is incompatible with the interests of large fortunes, those who are freed from this reality in addition to a neoliberal system which allows them, exclusively, a greater mobilization; certain rules called. To be legitimized in the eyes of public opinion, Marquez must understand that he must play the fiscal party with the same rules as them. In the next few days, we will see which representation will prevail in the head of the “crack” biker:national solidarity He freedom of capital peculiar to modern capitalism. I have no doubt …