The 15 most violent and dangerous countries in the world

The world can be a very hostile place. This is why, each year, the Institute of Economy and Peace establishes the Global Peace Index, which aims to determine the state of violence and the level of peace in the 194 countries of the world.

In this article you will find a list of the 15 most violent and dangerous countries on our planet, Those in which living is more risky due to wars or high crime rates.

How the Global Peace Index works

It is not easy to determine which countries are the most violent, the most dangerous and the most peaceful in the world. In 2017, the number of countries in the world stood at 194. The process of measuring the tranquility and danger of a country is complex, And it is necessary to assess a number of indicators, among which it is possible to find: the number of conflicts, both internal and external, peaceful or non-peaceful with neighboring countries, political instability, the presence of terrorism, the number of homicides that take place per 100,000 inhabitants, and so on.

The ranking of the calmest or most dangerous countries has been done since 2007 and since then Iceland has always been the safest and most peaceful country in the world. Last year, the top 5, besides Iceland, were completed by Denmark, Austria, New Zealand and Switzerland, the vast majority of European countries.

    The 15 most violent and dangerous countries in the world

    But which countries are at the other extreme? Which countries are the most hostile and violent? Below is a list of the 15 most dangerous countries in the world.

    15. Zimbabwe

    Violence is a serious problem in most African countries and Zimbabwe is no exception. Much of the conflict in this territory is generated due to the deterioration of the economy from the country. Although most crimes in Zimbabwe are not as violent as those in other countries on this continent, violent people are often armed with firearms and commit violent acts.

    14. Israel

    Although Israel is one of the most developed countries in the world, it finds itself in an area of ​​high conflict in the Middle East. It is for this reason that armed conflicts are common, Which makes it an insecure country due to the confrontation between Israel and Palestine. The struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-twentieth century and continues to this day is frequent. Recently, conflicts have resumed in the Gaza Strip and terrorism is part of daily life in the Holy Land.

    13. Colombia

    Colombia, like many Latin American countries, has become a very unequal society: the richest 10% of the country’s population earns four times more than the poorest 40%, according to the country’s human development index. . United Nations (UN). In reality, Colombia is considered one of the most dangerous countries in Latin AmericaHowever, other institutions claim that Honduras is more dangerous than Colombia.

    12. Nigeria

    Nigeria at the social level has many problems and conflicts. On the question of human rights, it is still an underdeveloped country. Corruption in government it is the dominant tone of a country in which civil servants take advantage of their position to enrich themselves. Cases of rape are not uncommon, nor are cases of torture and other cruel acts against prisoners or detainees. Discrimination based on sex, ethnicity and religion is common.

    11. Russia

    A considerably high crime rate is probably the reason why Russia is one of the most dangerous countries in the world. This country is marked by drug trafficking, money laundering, human trafficking, extortion, fraud and even murder committed. Many criminal gangs engage in corruption, the black market, terrorism and kidnappings. In 2011, Russia was ranked among the top countries for homicides by the United Nations.

    10. North Korea

    Few countries have figures on respect for human rights like North Korea. The population is strictly controlled by the state and all aspects of the daily life of its people are subordinate to the planning of Kim Jong-un’s regime. Amnesty International also reports severe restrictions on the liberty of its population, where arbitrary detention, torture and other ill-treatment lead to death and executions predominate.

    However, the paucity of reliable data obtained on this country means that much of the news and data on North Korea is tainted with propaganda from South Korea or the United States, a country with which it is still in contact. war.

    9. Pakistan

    Pakistan’s post-independence history has been characterized by periods of military rule, political instability, and conflict with neighboring India. The country continues to face difficult problems, such as overpopulation, terrorism, poverty, illiteracy or corruption, and it is among the most unequal countries among its inhabitants.

    8. Democratic Republic of the Congo

    This country is extremely rich in natural resources, but political instability, lack of infrastructure and a culture of corruption have historically limited efforts to develop, extract and exploit these resources. Since the Congo’s first civil war in 1996, the country has been devastated. Wars in this territory in recent years have killed 5.4 million people since 1998, with more than 90% of deaths due to malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutrition.

    7. Central African Republic

    After independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic was ruled by a series of dictators. The first democratic multiparty elections were held in 1993, when Ange-Félix Patassé was elected president.

    The period of peace did not last long, since in 2004 the war in the Central African Republic began. Despite a peace treaty in 2007 and another in 2011, clashes between the government, Muslim and Christian factions erupted in December 2012, which they led to ethnic and religious cleansing and massive population displacement in 2013 and 2014.

    6. Sudan

    Sudan is a country steeped in violence. For much of the history of Sudan, the nation has been full of internal strife and suffered from numerous ethnic conflicts, including two civil wars and the war in the Darfur region. Sudan does not take human rights into account, as it has repeatedly carried out ethnic cleansing and slavery remains a part of the country. The Sudanese legal system is based on strict Islamic law.

    5. Somalia

    The Somali civil war is an ongoing conflict that began in 1991. It developed from resistance to the Siad Barre regime in the 1980sBut over time, many armed rebel groups joined the conflict, competing for power in the country. So far the war has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives.

    4. Iraq

    Iraq was struck by a war that lasted almost 9 years. It officially ended in December 2011, but the country has so far suffered from various conflicts. Currently the main problem in Iraq is the Islamic State which continues to expand and take over large areas in the north of the country, including the provincial capitals of Mosul or Tikrit.

    3. South Sudan

    Since July 2011, when South Sudan became an independent state, it has suffered internal conflicts. Ethnic violence start as part of the Sudanese conflicts that were taking place between rival nomadic tribes, Which left a large number of victims and displaced hundreds of thousands of people.

    2. Afghanistan

    The war in Afghanistan began in 2001 and continues to this day. It refers to the intervention of NATO and allied forces in the current Afghan civil war. War broke out after the September 11 attacks and its public objectives were to dismantle Al Qaeda and deny it a secure base of operations there by removing the Taliban from power. Tens of thousands of people died in the war.

    1. Syria

    The main reason Syria has been ranked as the most dangerous country in the world is the Syrian civil war that is talked about so much today. This armed conflict it started in early spring 2011 with nationwide protests against the government President Bashar al-Assad’s forces responded with violent repression.

    The conflict gradually transformed from popular protests to armed rebellion after months of military sieges. The armed opposition is made up of several groups that formed during the conflict, including the Free Syrian Army or the Islamic Front. Estimates of deaths in the conflict vary widely, but range from 110,000 to nearly 200,000.

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