Nature is full of fascinating life forms, but the balance between them is delicate. Rapid changes in a natural habitat can cause a rapid evolution of their populations, which results, among other things, in the disappearance of some of them: their extinction. This is why today there are lists of endangered animals all over the world: species that may soon cease to exist on the planet.
In this article we will see what are some of the endangered animals in the world.
Endangered animals: extreme cases
Although there are hundreds of endangered animals, here we will focus on the large animals that are most at risk.
1. Java rhinoceros
The Java rhino is one of the single-horned rhino species living in Asia. Its large size, destruction of their habitat and poaching they reduced their population to less than 60 individuals.
2. Mountain gorilla
Although its population has increased slightly in recent years, this monkey is still in a very vulnerable state of conservation. It is believed that there are about a hundred in the wild, in the reserves of Central Africa.
3. Leopard Amur
This leopard from the cold zones it does not even reach 40 individuals living in freedom. It lives in parts of the North Korean peninsula and on its border with its union with the rest of the Asian continent.
4. Black rhinoceros
This is another example of how large animals are today in a situation of almost complete extinction. There are less than 6,000 members of this species in the wild, and it has gone so far as to cut their horns preemptively to prevent poaching.
5. Bornean orangutan
Over the past 20 years, more than half of the land that was once the habitat of this monkey has been devastated by human exploitation, so it’s no surprise that it is on the animal list. endangered.
6. Malayan Tiger
This tiger subspecies is a recent discovery that could have happened too late, As it is critically endangered. He lives mainly in the south of the Malacca Peninsula.
This small antelope-like bovine lives in Laos and Vietnam and was not discovered as a species until the 1990s.
8. Sumatran elephant
This elephant endemic to the island of Sumatra is relatively small, reaching just over two meters in height. It could disappear in less than three decades.
9. Sea cow
This cetacean, a close relative of dolphins, lives exclusively in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Only a few dozen specimens remain in the wild.
The axolotl is one of the most amazing amphibians, as it is able to regenerate virtually any part of its body, including its brain. Unfortunately, the destruction of their habitat (lakes in the valley of Mexico) means that today there are probably many more specimens in captivity than in the wild.
11. Real carpenter
This bird has become so strange that it is not known exactly if it still exists or if it has already disappeared from the face of the planet. Like the rest of the birds in his group, he lives by digging holes in tree trunks to eat his insects.
12. Large bamboo lemur
This type of primate belonging to the lemur family only lives in certain areas of the island of Madagascar. It is believed that there are only around 500 specimens in the wild.
13. Giant Chinese Salamander
It is another endangered animal that belongs to the amphibian group, like the axolotl. Specifically, it is the largest amphibian in the world, reaching almost two meters in length. She is hunted for her meat.
14. Paloma manumea
This bird is perhaps the closest relative of the Dodo that still exists. Like the latter, it can end up disappearing due to hunting and the destruction of its habitat.
15. Pondicherry Shark
This medium sized shark has been reduced to parts of Sri Lanka, The rivers of the island can go up.
16. Lora Turtle
Trawling kills this species of aquatic reptile native to the Caribbean Sea and the east coast of North America.
17. Sahafary jumping lemur
The body of this little primate measures less than 20 centimeters, and the eucalyptus cultivation which ravages many regions of Madagascar can lead to extinction.
18. Electric series
This shark-related fish is capable of generating an electric field of up to 230 volts around it. The few remaining specimens of this species live in areas of the American Atlantic.
19. Iberian Lynx
This species of lynx lives only in several regions of south-eastern Spain and Portugal. The main culprit for its disappearance is the destruction of its habitat caused by the construction of roads without safety steps.
20. Shanghai softshell turtle
It is one of the rarest large turtles that exist, because despite its large size (it can weigh over 120 kilos) its shell is not very hard.
- WWF, list of species: endangered.