The 30 most famous and popular types of music

Music has been a part of our lives almost from birth, and for many it is considered food for the soul.. There are different types of music, and each person can vary in their tastes. Research results show that music is a powerful form of social expression that can reinforce stereotypes and promote the expression of one’s own identity.

But beyond musical tastes, it is clear that the sensation of listening to the music of our tastes is unique and even indescribable. Music makes us feel incredible sensations and makes us feel different emotions: joy, ecstasy, happiness, sadness, love …

    The different types of music and musical genres

    There is a wide variety of musical genres, as music has evolved over time and each culture has developed its own musical styles. But … what kind of music is there? Which are the most important?

    Below you can find a list of the most relevant and popular types of music in our society.

    1. Classical music

    Classical music is a current that begins around 1750 and ends around 1820, Europe. Today, this type of music is associated with serious people, because it is a cultivated style, typical of a very formal, refined and elitist atmosphere.

    When we imagine this type of music, the image of large orchestras, with many instruments, led by the figure of a conductor, quickly comes to mind. The dress is formal, with an image of respect and seriousness. Classical music is expressed in concerts (soloist accompanying the orchestra) and symphonies (a choir of voices and instruments).

    • Some of its main authors are Wagner, Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Chopin, etc.

    2. Blues

    Blues is one of the most important and influential musical genres of recent times. It was born at the end of the 19th century when African slaves were transported to the United States. His lyrics have a melancholy air in which personal anxieties or social issues can be appreciated. It was the combination of African and Western music that led to the genre we know as “blues”.

    Different styles of blues have developed over the years, some in small towns in the southern United States and others in cities like Chicago and New Orleans. This style influenced almost every genre of popular music to come in this era: jazz, soul, hip hop, etc.

    • BB King, Eric Clapton, Duke Ellington and Stevie Ray Vaughn are some of its main representatives.

    3. Jazz

    At the end of art. In the 19th century, most African-American musicians played only the blues, but some also played classical music and learned European harmony. Some have even mixed European harmony with the rhythms and scales of the blues, and it is thanks to this mixture that “jazz” appeared.

    Jazz is characterized by a number of elements: improvisation, the treatment of rhythm (swing), the use of notes during backhand and syncope., Their voices (ex: scat), their orchestras (Big Bang), etc. One of the greatest jazz musicians was trumpeter Louis Armstrong, but artists like Frank Sinatra are also world famous. There are different types of jazz: Latin jazz, bebop, swing … but they all retain the essence of this style.

    • Louis Armstrong, Les Paul, Ray Charles and Tito Puente are world famous jazz musicians.

    4. Rhythm and Blues (R&B)

    As jazz became more and more popular in the 1930s and 1940s, another new genre began to develop. Many African Americans were professional blues musicians, but worrying about a professional future in music and making money was not easy. So many people formed small groups and looked for work in bars and “pubs”.

    If they wanted to work, musicians had to invent to attract audiences, and many young people of the time who frequented these places thought the blues was old-fashioned **. The groups were forced to create a new style, which would be called “rhythm and blues” or “R&B **”. In their early days, R&B groups were loud and lively and based their strength on drums, double bass and electric guitar. The singers were male or female with great voices, and the audience loved it. Today, R&B is still in force, but with great influence from another style that we will see later, soul.

    • The most popular artists today are Usher, Beyoncé, Chris Brown or R. Kelly.

    5. Rock and Roll

    In the early 1950s, another musician called “rock and roll” was in vogue.. This style was created by musicians capable of playing both R&B and Western Swing, a popular style of country dance. It used the same instruments as the R&B of the time (electric guitar, double bass and drums), and had a touch of blues and R&B, but the melodies were closer to those of country music.

    • Elvis Presley and Chuck Berry are representatives of the most classic rock and roll.
    • Elvis Presley is considered the king of this genre. You can see an example of this style in this video:

    7. Evangeli

    Gospel music is a musical genre that originated in African-American churches in the mid-twentieth century, Through the fusion of spiritual songs of black slaves who embraced the Christian faith and traditional hymns of white music. Gospel music is a type of music intended for the congregation, with simple music but with marked rhythms.

    It has great harmonic richness with a simple melody. It is a music characterized by massive choirs, with the touch of the palms, and a particular song in which the heart returns the sentences sung by the soloist.

    • Aretha Franklin, Whitney Houston and Andraé Crouch are widely recognized gospel musicians.

    8. Soul

    Soul music is a genre of popular African American music that has significantly influenced many later genres.. For example: funk music. dance, hip hop and contemporary R&B.

    It developed in the United States in the late 1950s, out of gospel music and other styles. While gospel was a more joyful type of music, with a moving heart playing the palms, the soul was slower and deeper music. “Soul” means soul in English.

    • James Brown, Sam Cooke, Mavin Gaye and Amy Whinehouse were worthy representatives of this musical genre.

    9. Rock

    In the 60s, rock and roll was losing its best artists. Elvis Presley was in the military, Little Richard had quit rock and roll, and Buddy Holly and Ritchie Valens had died in a plane crash. But many young people continued to listen to their records and some began to explore the origins of music.

    The young musicians also took an interest in R&B, studied its harmony and characteristics, and quickly learned to play it. Soon they were combining these older styles with rock and roll to create a new genre called “rock”. If rock and roll was dancing, rock is no longer danceable, and focuses on the transmission of pure and uncontrollable energy.

    Over time, more weight is given to the electric guitar and other rock sub-genres such as hard rock, psychedelic rock, punk rock or even folk rock.

    • The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix, Bob Dylan, David Bowie, Jim Morrison, Nirvana, Pink Floyd or AC / DC have taken rock to the next level.

    10. Metal

    Metal is part of the hard rock of the 1970s and knows an explosion of musical groups in the Eighties by all the Western countries. Its main characteristic is the importance given to the guitar and the drums, to generate strong and energetic sounds.

    Although many people use “heavy metal” and “metal” as synonyms, others distinguish between metal as a broad category and heavy metal as the original trajectory of early bands, including over the years. last decades there have been alternative subgenres.

    On the other hand, the use of vowels is very varied, ranging from highs to the use of techniques to make the voice more serious and bestial than normal. In the Scandinavian countries, in particular, it stands out the popularity of the metal subgenres known as black metal and death metal, In which the letters are virtually unrecognizable due to the use of the appeal form used.

    • Maiden, Manowar, Opeth, Metallica, Pantera, Anthrax or System of a Down iron are well-known representatives of the metal.

    11. Hadcore punk

    Hardcore punk is part of rock, giving a lot of importance to electric guitars and drums; however, the vocal part, very powerful and based on verses practically sung to screams, generally rivals in protagonism with the preceding ones. The musical pieces are generally short or very short, and do not seek technical complexity but rather the (energetic) expression of emotional states, the justification of political and social causes.

    • Bad Brains, Minor Threat, Dead Kennedys, Agnostic Front, Black Flag are classic examples of this type of music.

    12. Country

    Country music was one of the earliest genres of modern American popular music. It developed in the southeastern states of the United States as a blend of British Isles folk music, church music, and African American blues. Its characteristic instrumentation includes the acoustic guitar, mandolin, violin or banjo.

    • Willie Nelson, Johnny Cash, Taylor Swift, Patsy Cline or Garth Brooks are country artists.

    13. Funk

    In the 1960s, some soul artists such as James Brown developed a more rhythmic style called funk.. This genre was the starting point for many new styles of dance music like disco music, Funk is characterized by very powerful bass lines and energizing rhythm. Funk music has a distinctive “groove” and riffs that invite you to get up and dance.

    • James Brown, George Clinton, Jamiroquai, Prince and Maceo Parker represent this musical style.

    14. Disco

    In the early 1970s, nightclubs called discos employed DJs to play songs for the dance floors because it was cheaper than hiring a group. They started out with more soulful funk and soul songs, but in the mid-1970s they started to market songs that were easier to dance to, aimed at this audience.

    With a repetitive quaternary rhythm (usually between 110 and 136 bpm), an orchestral sound and its piano and electronic guitar (with clearly “funky” touches), disco music was born.

    • Michael Jackson, Madonna, Earth Wind & Fire and Cher represent this musical genre.

    15. House

    In the early 1980s, a new style of dance music developed in the “gay clubs” of New York and Chicago. As in disco music, the songs had catchy tunes with lyrics that were about having fun or having sex. house is characterized by quaternary rhythms of disco music, but rhythm machines are frequently used and synthesizers instead of classical drums and other instruments, although the electronic piano remains the central focus of most house music.

    • Erick Morillo, Tina More, Tim Deluxe and Mac Demetrius are world famous house artists.

    16. Techno

    Another genre of dance music called techno developed in Detroit in the early 1980s. when nightclub DJs started making electronic dance tracks they used drum machines and electronic synthesizers with keyboards to add chords and melodies.

    They also started taking short samples from another song (sampling) to add them to their tracks. In techno, the groove is darker than in house and even has a wacky touch. A sub-genre of techno, developed in the 90s, is trance.

    • Gigi, Chris Korda, Basshunter and Ellen Allien from Augustine are techno musicians.

    17. Pop

    Pop music is not really a musical genre. “Pop music” means popular, and as the name suggests, it is music for the masses. Technically, outside of pop music, we would find classical music and other similar art forms. However, the term “pop music” is often used to refer to the most popular types of music and close to social conventions that the music is successful and capable of being heard by millions of people around the world in virtually everyone. all situations: nightclubs, shops, advertisements, etc.

    Pop therefore includes different types of musical genres and has more to do with the audience the songs are aimed at. For example, Michael Jackson, known as the King of Pop, composed and performed songs of different genres: soul, funk, disco, rock, R & B, etc. Alone is the best-selling album in history, called “Thriller”.

    • Michael Jackson, Madonna, Britney Spears, Mariah Carey, Shakira, Elton John, and Justin Timberlake are popular artists.
    • Here you can see one of Michael Jackson’s great classics: Billie Jean.

    18. Ska

    Ska originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s, And contains elements of spirit music, calypso music, jazz, and rhythm and blues. In the early 1960s, it was the dominant musical genre in Jamaica and had a big impact in the UK.

    Ska’s music is very dancey, upbeat, fast and exciting. Ska has influenced other styles born in Jamaica like rocksteady or well-known reggae, with which it is very similar, although the latter is characterized by the fact that it is not an accelerated musical genre, unlike the ska.

    • Prince Buster, Ska-P, Desmond Dekker and Tommy McCook are highly respected ska artists.

    19. Reggae

    Reggae music originates from Jamaica, influenced mainly by ska and rocksteady., But also for other styles such as blues or jazz. In general, the lyrics of reggae songs are related to social criticism, although some songs address different themes. Jamaican artist Bob Marley is its greatest representative.

    • Bob Marley, The Cafes, Lee Perry, Jimmy Cliff and Gregory Isaacs are great reggae musicians.
    • You can hear this great artist in the following video:

    20. Drums and bass

    The literal translation for drum and base is “drums and bass”, Because it is characterized by fast drum beats (usually between 160 and 180 bpm) and marked basslines. Today this energetic style of music is considered an “underground” style of music, but its influence has been very noticeable in the pop culture of many countries such as the UK.

    • Pendulum, Noisia, Sub Focus, DJ Fresh and High Contrast are exceptional drum and bass artists.

    21. Garage

    The Garage, also known as UK Garage, is a style of electronic music that originated in the United Kingdom.. It is a very dancing genre and strongly influenced by drums and bass, in which it is possible to find vocals sung or rapped with a different style from hip hop rap. Rappers like this are called Garage MC’S.

    • Zed Bias, So Solid Crew, MJ Cole and The Streets are big representatives of UK Garage.
    • Here is an example of a garage:

    22. Flamenco

    Flamenco is a traditional Spanish music, born in the south of Spain and closely linked to the gypsy culture.. Nevertheless, the roots of flamenco lie in the cultural metamorphosis that took place in Andalusia at the time of its creation: indigenous, Muslim, Gypsy, Castilian and Jewish; they fostered their distinctive sound in which voice and guitar play a prominent role.

    Flamenco is characterized by talented guitarists (the “virtuosos”) and cante jondo, a singing style that emphasizes the deepest feelings.

    • Paco de Lucía, Tomatito, Enrique Morente, Estrella Morente and Diego el Cigala are great flamenco artists.

    23. Salsa

    Salsa is a musical style closely related to the dance of the same name. The word salsa as such has its origins in the Bronx of New York, although the influences are purely Latin, Cuba being probably the country with the most weight in its creation.

    Afro-Cuban rhythms like mambo, guaracha, son, montuno, Afro-Cuban jazz, among others, have spread throughout Latin America and have also reached the United States, where the Cuban population is remarkable. . Salsa is one of the most popular styles of music among Hispanic cultures.

    • Héctor Lavoe, Tito Puente, Celia Cruz and Ray Barreto perfectly represent this type of music.

    24. Hip-hop

    Hip hop developed in the late 1970s and originated in the slums of New York City. for African American teens. Along with this style, other artistic movements such as breakdance and graffiti were also born. Many of these young people were unemployed, but some found work as DJs.

    During block parties (public and crowded parties that brought together many members of the same neighborhood), they mixed musical themes while other young people raped to repetitive rhythms. Today, hip hop has evolved remarkably and, along with R&B, is of great importance in the world pop scene. In addition, in its variant called “trap”, it is often mixed with many types of music and sound effects which are not in themselves musical.

    • 2Pac, Notorious BIG, Violators of the Verse, Eminem, 50Cent, Vanilla Ice, Wu-Tang Clan and Snoop Dogg are some representatives of rap.

    25. Reggaeton

    Reggaeton (also known as reggaeton) is a musical genre that originated in Puerto Rico in the late 1990s.. He is influenced by hip hop and Latin American and Caribbean music. The voice includes rap and vocals and is a very dancing musical style. Along with hip hop, it is generally categorized as “urban music”.

    • Daddy Yankee, Don Omar, Archange, De la Ghetto and Zorman are great representatives of Reggaeton.
    • You can hear a bit of this style in the audiovisual content below.

    Type of music, depending on the instrument you are using

    In addition to the musical genres mentioned above, music can be classified according to instrumentation.

    26. Vocal music or “a cappella”

    Vocal music is characterized because it uses the voice, and this is called a chapel. It can be individual or in color. It is also possible to perform instrumentation with the voice, this is called the “beatbox”, which usually includes percussion, although some individuals are able to imitate other instruments like the guitar or the guitar. saxophone.

    27. Instrumental music

    Instrumental music is music in which only the instruments are used, not the voice. There are two variants: the symphony, which is performed by an orchestra; or electronic when created by electronic instruments. It can be used in movies or karaoke.

    On the other hand, there is no clear line between instrumental music and non-instrumental music. For example, a person’s voice can sometimes be digitized to sound like the note played by an instrument.

    Other types of music

    In addition to the above, there are other types of music.

    28. Pragmatic music

    Pragmatic music is that used to tell a story or an event. It is a type of descriptive and extra-musical music. For example, the music used to describe a landscape: what matters is not the music itself, but the effect that the music has as part of the story.

    29. Furniture music

    As its name suggests, the music of the furniture is ambient. For that, it is rather discreet and sounds at low volume, so it accompanies the creation of pleasant contexts. It is mainly used in the hotel and tourism sector.

    30. Soundtrack

    The soundtrack is, from a musical point of view, the vocal and instrumental music used in movies., And aims to improve the emotions of the viewer. An example of this type of music is “Eye of the Tiger” from the “Rocky” movie collection.

    However, there are different nuances in the different ways a soundtrack can be used. For example, sometimes you can just express the emotions a place evokes, while other times you express the tone of the moment of the story you are going through, in a way almost independent of where you are. . action.

      Bibliographical references:

      • Michels, U. (1985). Atlas of Music. Barcelona: Editorial Aliança.
      • Nils, LW; Merker, B .; Brown, S. (2000). The origins of music. Cambridge: MIT Press.
      • Seaside, CE (1938). Psychology of Music: New York: Dover Publications.

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