Human beings, like everything we know, are made up of matter. The study of this composition is the main objective of the branch of science known as chemistry. This has traditionally been distinguished between organic and inorganic matter, which has led to two specializations in this science, each dedicated to one of two types of matter.
But, What are the differences between organic chemistry and inorganic chemistry? In this article, we intend to answer this question.
Chemistry: his field of study
We call chemistry a the scientific discipline whose object of study is the composition and structure of matter and is responsible for studying and analyzing the reactions generated during the interaction between different elements.
This discipline is of great importance and is considered one of the main ones in the so-called natural sciences, from many other sciences. outraged it allows not only theoretical knowledge but also the use and practical application of this information in the creation of new materials and substances.
Within chemistry we can find different specialties, being one of the first and best known of the division between organic and inorganic chemistry. While the former is responsible for the study of the elements that are part of living things, the latter refers to the study of other elements.
Differences between organic chemistry and inorganic chemistry
Although fundamentally organic and inorganic chemistry are closely related, they have some differences. Below, we’ll take a look at the main differences between the two types of chemistry.
1. Types of compost you are working with
The main and most marked difference between organic and inorganic chemistry is found in the type of compounds that each one works with.
Organic chemistry works with all the components on which the structure is based or on which carbon appears and its interactions with other substances or elements (especially hydrogen and oxygen, as well as nitrogen). In other words, that is to say on the chemical bases of the matter that shapes living things (Life as we know it is based on carbon and its derivatives).
As for inorganic chemistry, it works with all compounds that do not contain carbon (except some compounds like carbon dioxide), their structure and properties and their interactions with other components.
2. Types of bonds between molecules
Another differentiator between the two is the type of bond between molecules that is usually observed in each. In organic chemistry it is very common to be covalent bonds while in organic chemistry ionic bond prevails.
3. Chemical reactions that envision
This difference is derived from the previous ones: although in both branches similar chemical reactions are observed or acting on the same principles, each of them has reactions in which one tends to specialize. In inorganic chemistry processes such as oxidation, crystallization, endo and exothermic reactions are explored and electrical conduction while in organic we find reactions such as combustion, fermentation, hydrogenation and photochemistry.
4. Fundamental research area
Research in chemistry, both organic and inorganic, has made it possible to acquire in-depth knowledge of the functioning and behavior of matter.
While organic chemistry allows to know the structure of biological material and how it is affected by the interaction with other compounds (thus evaluating for example the effect of drugs), inorganic chemistry allows the knowledge of the structure and the characteristics of non-living material and the realization of different compounds in such a way that new materials can be created.
Two very similar scientific intrigues
These are some of the main differences between organic and inorganic chemistry, the most notorious being the type of material studied and analyzed and the possible applications that can be extracted from each. The type of bond between atoms may be different and the reactions in which each specializes tend to differ slightly.
Despite this, the truth is that both help explain the behavior of matter and their constitution with very similar and often superimposed bases.
Although it seems clear that organic can be used for the manufacture of drugs and products that have a direct effect on our body such as drugs or food and inorganic for the production of materials and uses more related to industry. It is also true that of inorganic chemistry we also work with elements applicable in medicine and that of the organic it is possible to be explained and to produce different materials and to analyze different differentiable elements to ranges like the construction.