Some novices (and experienced students too) who have before them thein preparation for a thesis, whether doctoral or academicThey are faced with the biggest challenge of their professional career: clearly defining the theoretical framework.
I am saying correctly because most of the responsibility for creating good research work, especially in jobs where their immediate future is at stake, will depend on how the theoretical framework was developed, the backbone of any academic project. Below we will go over some essential points to achieve this goal.
What is the theoretical framework and how is it defined?
As part of a research work or a thesis, the theoretical framework constitutes the central part of the study, Located between the introduction or prologue and the conclusions and / or final evaluations. In other words, the theoretical framework is the section where we will define the object of study well, and it will have to conform to the theory we wanted to prove.
This phase of the work must be carefully taken care of, well analyzed before being put on paper, and it must also be well exposed for the reader, because it is the part which explains the point of view to be presented and the criteria to be follow to correctly use the methodology.
The main function of the theoretical framework is to explain or develop what we know so far about a field of knowledge. In certain cases, if a good diagram of the theoretical framework is not made, this can definitively invalidate our thesis. This is usually the case simply because you don’t know how to properly contextualize what you want to say.
What is the purpose of this section?
The theoretical framework must be the showcase with which we want to demonstrate and legitimize our case study. It must be one of two sections of the thesis designed to add value to our scientific work, clearly resolve our final intention, and bring originality to other studies already carried out (The second section is the development of the research itself).
The theoretical framework will include the concepts that support the work in order to deepen the subject of analysis or research, all to guide and guide the study from an innovative and different approach, giving it its own personality and distancing itself possible similarities with previous work. .
In this way, in the theoretical framework, the main ideas will be ordered, the assumptions with which we want to strengthen ourselves, quotes from authors to contrast or strengthen our thesis, And we will analyze different variables that can affirm or refute a theory, as well as contextualize the object of study to which we are devoted.
How to develop the theoretical framework?
As we pointed out above, the way in which this part is developed in relation to the object of study is of the utmost importance. Mainly, the theoretical framework consists of analysis of the context or theoretical considerations of the research topic, As well as a frame of reference to approach our thesis.
This background is the review of previous work which will indirectly justify the development of our thesis. This point is another crucial element in determining whether our new work is of a new approach and provides added value compared to other research.
Depending on the type of work to be done, its nature, it is possible to develop the theoretical aspects retained. Which means it depends on whether our thesis involves the formulation of a new theory or a new concept, Or if it is exclusively to develop a subject already discussed.
It is crucial to know how to make and shape the theoretical framework. It is not an easy task. Sometimes there is a tendency to copy ideas, rephrase assumptions or underline an already defined concept. We must strive for originality, excellence and novelty to impress in courts or authors who must judge our work. Therefore, all contributions of other authors should be duly referenced and appear justified, providing relevant knowledge about the subject of the study and its scope, and without suddenly changing the subject.
In the theoretical framework consistency and order are essential, Feed the bibliographical references to give coherence to our ideas and research. Our idea can be developed by consulting different sources and using concepts, books and authors that allow us to enrich our study work.
When we collect all the information reflected in the theoretical framework, we must explain the reasons for your choice at the beginning of the document, without however providing a justification by source but a general justification explaining the selection criteria of the bibliography. That is to say to justify the use of the chosen authors, the books consulted and the methodology that will be followed to prove our thesis, giving rise to debate and reasoning.