The British Isles are a collection of islands that form an archipelago located in northwestern Europe, made up of two large main islands and a set of smaller islands around it. There is one of the powers that has historically had the most power in Europe: the United Kingdom.
But we often refer to the inhabitants of these islands as English, or we do not correctly distinguish between Great Britain, the United Kingdom and England. And although they are deeply associated, they are not synonymous: they do not imply exactly the same thing. A UK resident does not need to be English, for example, or even British.
So what are they the differences between England, UK and Great Britain? In this article, we will take a look at it.
Main differences between UK, Great Britain and England
Although a large part of the population today know the differences by general knowledge or because they traveled to the UK at some point, it is not uncommon for there to be doubts and doubts. confusion as to what it is exactly or how they differ. Kingdom and England. This can lead to tricky situations in which an inhabitant of one of these regions is offended by confusing or identifying with another: for example, identifying a Scotsman with an Englishman. That’s why we’ll take a look at some of the main differences below.
Unit type: political or physical
One of the things that differentiates Great Britain from the other two entities mentioned above is the fact that currently only what is meant by Great Britain is only the largest of the islands in the archipelago. from the British Isles. England and United Kingdom they refer to political units, not just territorial. However, in the past, the Kingdom of Great Britain was a political entity and not just a physical one.
Differences at political entity level
One of the differences between the aforementioned territories is that they include different political entities. The UK is a country made up of four different nations: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. like that, although England is part of the UK it does not represent the whole country, But to one of its parts (especially the most populous and the most important economically and politically).
As for Great Britain, it is understood as such on the island where three of these nations are located, namely Scotland, Wales and England. In fact, they once formed the Kingdom of Great Britain, which was generated by the political union of the Kingdoms of Scotland and England. The United Kingdom (technically the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) would not exist as such until the incorporation into the political unit of countries of the territory of Northern Ireland in 1800.
All the territories that are part of the United Kingdom (including Great Britain which in turn includes England) they share the nationality, the monarch, the prime minister and the British parliament. But even so, there are differences in terms of the political system: while England does not have its own political system other than the one mentioned, the rest of the territories which are part of Great Britain and the United Kingdom have their own ministers and parliaments in addition to the central.
Territory occupied by each
Another major difference is in the physical terrain. England is a country located on the island of Great Britain, however it does not occupy it in its entirety but shares it with other countries. More precisely with Scotland and Wales.
As for the United Kingdom, it is part of the set of countries on the island of Great Britain, however it also includes part of the island of Ireland (More precisely, Northern Ireland) and the various smaller islands that border them.
One of the most common causes of confusion is that the official language of the UK is English, which is said to be the native and native language of England. But that doesn’t mean that there aren’t other languages in the country, with each of the nations that are part of the UK having its own language, which is co-official alongside English in their respective territories. : Scottish, Welsh Irish. In fact, the differences are larger than you might think, because if English is part of the Germanic language and brass the other languages of the United Kingdom are mainly of Celtic origin.