It may seem complicated to most of us to understand how machines work. However, on the side of our brain, a artificial intelligence system it looks like a six piece jigsaw puzzle.
Perhaps this is why we think that in order to understand the way we think, perceive and feel, it is useful to create an analogy between our nervous system and an intelligent machine: maybe, we think, that this second could be used as a simplified model of what is going on. in our heads. We even believe that with the sophistication of new technologies, we will be able to create forms of artificial intelligence that work the same way we do, simply by quantitatively improving the capacity of our computer systems.
Artificial intelligence vs human intelligence: why isn’t our brain a computer?
That day doesn’t seem near yet. There are many differences that separate us from electronic brains, and these are not superficial issues, but structural ones. Here is a list of the main differences between artificial intelligence systems own computers and the functioning of our brains.
1. Its architecture is different
A machine equipped with artificial intelligence has a series of data input and output ports that we can easily identify. This does not happen in our brain: each sub-structure in its entirety can be both a data receiver and an information sender. It is also not known in which direction the information is moving, as endless ramifications and loops are a constant in the world of neurons.
2. It works differently
In any artificial intelligence structure, the channel through which data flows can be differentiated (Material) and the information itself. In a brain, on the contrary, the distinction between information and the material medium through which it travels does not exist. The data transmitted are in themselves material changes that determine the force of attraction that exists between neurons. If neuron A is more connected to neuron B than to C, the information is one, while if A becomes more connected to C, the information is another.
3. The data the brain works with cannot be stored
One consequence that we do not distinguish between chain and information is that there are also no big data repositories in our head.. That’s why we never remember something the same, there are always small variations. In fact, it has been proven that even in people with a highly developed autobiographical memory, they can have false memories.
4. The importance of context
Our organic brains adapt like a glove to all situations, Although each of the situations in which we live is unique. In addition, when faced with unpredictable contexts, different people are able to react in the same way. This is something that we do not find in artificial intelligence systems, in which different stimuli only lead to the same result if these stimuli are determined beforehand: if A, then C; if B, then C. Human beings, with all our faults, are made to live in a chaotic context. Our brain is able to interpret all stimuli, even if they come up unexpectedly and are completely new.
5. Artificial intelligence needs regularity
Artificial intelligence systems must be assembled in a very specific way in order to execute commands and get information from one place to another in the right way. Brains, on the other hand, are unique to each of us.
Aside from the web of approximately 100,000,000,000 neurons that support our thinking, the fingerprints that identify us in certain contexts all appear to be the same. In addition, our brains are constantly changing, even while we are sleeping. The great virtue of our brain is that it can function well at any time although it is subject to constant unpredictable changes – therefore it has been defined as the most complex system in existence.
6. Its origin is different
Any artificial intelligence system has been built by one or more intentional agents: Scientists, programmers, etc. Our brains, however, have been interrupted by evolution. This means that if artificial intelligence relies on certain methods of encoding information by following logical patterns and operations, our brain has to deal with a set of nerve cells that do their own job as nerve cells (this is worth the redundancy. ). If a machine works from instructions, the functioning of our brain is based on the interplay of interactions that occur between neurons.
7. We are more emotional than rational
Maybe this is a hasty statement (after all, how do you measure the rational and the irrational?) But instead, yes we can say that logical and systematic thinking can only be reduced to certain situations and moments in our daily life. While machines equipped with artificial intelligence can only work from arguments and premises, in our case, it is normal to skip the bullfight at this stage.
Do, for example, everything you do now. Does it meet the posture you have been sitting in on rational criteria, such as the need to keep your back in a position that does not harm it? Or have you ever decided that above your health the most important thing is to avoid the stress of keeping your back straight? Also, have you ever considered this topic? The truth is that although rational thought and logic have recently appeared in our evolutionary history, our brains have remained more or less the same for 200,000 years.