The creative brain: where the genius resides

Creativity is a complex process which requires the activation of various areas of the brain. So far, it’s not entirely clear whether creativity requires specific neural architecture or not. The research team of cognitive neuroscientist Roger Beaty of Harvard University seem to have found differences in the brains of highly creative people.

Its investigations revealed 03:00 neural networks with strong connections involved in the process of creativity in the parietal and prefrontal cortices. This study began to identify controlled thought processes and spontaneous ideas. Everything seems to indicate that creativity in a person could be predictable from the strength of their neural connections in these three networks.

    Mapping the creative brain

    According to this study, creativity or creative thinking would involve 3 different neural networks and they would work at the same time. They are as follows.

    The default or default neural network

    She’s the one involved in the processes of imagination, When daydreaming or when our mind wanders without an object of attention. It is distributed in the medial area of ​​the temporal, parietal and prefrontal lobes. It seems that it could play a key role in generating ideas and possible solutions for their implementation.

    The executive control network

    It is related to the evaluation of ideas to determine if they match the creative goal. It is a collection of regions that are activated when we need to control thought processes or focus our attention. Includes the anterior cingulate gyrus. It seems to provide important links between the components of the attentional process.

    The neural network of relevance

    This network acts as a mechanism for switching between default and executive control networks.

    Keys to understanding creativity

    Creative people may be able to simultaneously activate those brain systems that don’t normally work together. Although the keys to understanding the process of creativity do not seem to be the only ones in large-scale neural networks.

    Our brain controls the stimuli we receive through our senses in what we might call “information blocks”. Whenever we receive new information, new neural networks are created which are immediately linked to existing information. We thus create mental models from which we can easily extract the information needed to resolve questions that may arise later.

    The problem is, while they are very useful for solving tasks without too much prior analysis, some of these blocks get so rigid that they are very difficult to modify. Creativity is basically what it does challenge these rigid neural networks and spark creative and imaginative thinking.

    Creative personality

    Researchers like Mayers or Taylor have proposed certain creative personality traits. The most creative individuals they use divergent thinkingIn other words, several solutions to the same problem. They have intrinsic motivation and are more tolerant of ambiguity and risk, rather than working more automatically.

    On the other hand, the creative subjects they are less interested in the practical aspects of lifeThey generally have a good sense of humor and generally respond better to clutter. In addition to seeing things from the same point of view as others, they also see them differently. They can work on several things at the same time and have a great curiosity.

    Were you born with it or can you train?

    The latest research gives fascinating results in terms of the process of creativity. However, even today, this question has no answer. We’re starting to get a feel for the neurological basis of this process, and it seems that the creative brain it is wired differently, But we still don’t know why.

    More research is needed in the future to determine if these neural networks are fixed or if the mind can be trained to become creative. In various sectors, it is suggested that creative writing, art or music training could alter neural connections. However, for now, the question remains open.

    Author: Sonia Budner.

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