There are different types of diets and most people associate them with the process of losing weight. But not all have this function, and not all diets are healthy. One of the diets that aim to improve our well-being and the health of our stomach is the astringent diet., Designed to reduce the symptoms of diarrhea.
The astringent diet is recommended in cases where a person suffers from diarrhea, regardless of the origin: transient, due to enteritis, Crohn’s disease or secondary to intestinal surgery. In this article, we will talk about this diet and delve into its features.
What is the astringent diet
The astringent diet is a diet that aims to take care of the digestive system when someone is suffering from an upset stomach or diarrhea.
Basically, with this diet, the subject includes easily digestible foods in their diet and with which the body does not need excessive energy to process them, in addition to foods rich in minerals and vitamins, which do not contain a lot of fiber and help retain fluids.
In this way, the balance between the nutrients ingested and the energy expended in the management of what caused the disease is restored, at the same time that digestive problems are not generated due to the delicate state in which it is. finds the intestinal flora. This is a type of temporary regime, typically used in relatively small temporary windows.
In contrast, the astringent diet is useful at any age, even children and the elderly.
What are the causes of diarrhea
We have all, at some point in our lives, suffered from diarrhea, which is when we no longer need to go to the toilet to defecate, often without being able to control the deposit of feces, which have little consistency. (they are not very solid). Diarrhea can last from a day to two or three weeks with acute diarrhea, and up to several weeks with chronic diarrhea.
This condition, which is usually a symptom rather than a disease, has different causes. They are as follows:
- some parasites, Such as those that cause giardiasis and amebiasis.
- Virus. These include the enterovirus or the hepatitis virus.
- Remote infections, Either by ingesting food (or water), or by person-to-person contamination.
- bacteria. Some of the best known are: salmonella, shigella, Clostridium E. coli.
Some medical conditions that do not include infection are:
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- celiac disease
- Lactose intolerance
- Inflammatory bowel disease. For example: ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease
- Small bowel surgery
- Pancreatic problems, for example, cystic fibrosis
- Ischemic bowel disease
- Surgical removal of the gallbladder
- Certain diseases of the endocrine system. For example: overactive thyroid, diabetes, or Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Recommendations for the astringent diet
Some recommendations for following this diet are:
- At meals, the amount to consume should be low.
- Eat more often. For example, 5 to 6 meals a day.
- Drink plenty of fluids, in small sips, to avoid dehydration. A good option is to take fat-free broths.
- Avoid foods high in fiber
- Eat relaxed to promote digestion.
- Avoid very hot or very cold foods
- Do not eat foods that cause gas.
- Food should be varied.
Phases of the diarrhea diet
When someone consumes this diet, the stool gradually becomes harder and, therefore, it is necessary to adapt the diet to the degree of improvement. For that, this diet consists of four phases.
1. Phase zero
This is the initial phase, in which solid foods are not consumed. In the case of children, it lasts about 4 hours, in the case of adults, the first 12 hours. At this stage there is a great loss of minerals and fluids, so it is essential to consume special drinks or drinks with salts (for example, a shell of dissolved sueroral hyposodium or drugs to recover the minerals) .
It is also possible to boil a liter of boiled water, add juice of 2-3 lemons, half a tablespoon of baking soda, half a teaspoon of salt and 2-3 teaspoons. sugar soup. Also, tea, chamomile, rice water, carrot water are ideal.
2. Phase two
After the previous phase, it is possible to incorporate other foods, such as boiled rice, boiled potato and carrot, Boiled pasta without boiled fish, boiled chicken, baked apple, etc.
3. Phase 3
In the third phase of the astringent diet, the foods that promote recovery are: vegetable puree (zucchini, carrots, beans, squash), fruit juices, boiled vegetables and legumes, boiled rice, chicken or fish, toasted white bread.
4. Phase 4
The fourth phase consists of gradually introduce complex foods until a normal diet. For example, banana, boiled vegetables, grilled meat or fish, 0% fat yogurt, decaffeinated coffee on top, fat free cream cheese, etc.
What foods should be avoided
There are a number of foods that should not be eaten as part of this diet, at least during the early stages.. Gradually, it is possible to introduce certain foods into the diet, once the improvement is evident. Foods high in fat are not at all positive for this type of diet, as are foods high in fiber.
Industrial sweeteners are also not found in carbonated drinks or highly digestible vegetables such as garlic, raw onions or peppers. Chocolate, alcohol, fried foods, red meat, butter should not be ingested. Dairy products should also not be consumed, at least until the fourth stage and always in their fat-free versions.
When we shouldn’t be on this diet
The astringent diet is not a diet that can be harmful; however, when it is not necessary to perform it (since there are no stomach issues or diarrhea) it will not be helpful.
However, when a person suffers from constipation, it is not advisable to carry out the astringent diet as it would potentiate this condition and therefore constipation increases.
In addition, it should be remembered that over time our physiology changes and therefore we cannot take for granted that as years ago this type of diet worked well for us, it will be. always.
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