Since it was first brewed in Arab countries, then exported and spread throughout Europe in the 17th century, coffee has become one of the most consumed drinks in the world.
Very known for its stimulating properties and its ability to fight against fatigue and fatigue, as well as other beneficial properties, since the origins of its consumption have been developed various forms of preparations, existing today a wide variety of types of coffee that we can drink. That’s why throughout this article we’ll take a look at some of the most common and well-known in the market.
What is coffee?
Although this is a widely known concept, before we talk about the types of coffee, it may be appropriate to make a brief mention of what we call coffee.
We call this the drink obtained by the infusion made with roasted beans (whole or ground) of the coffee tree or coffee tree, a small shrub native to Africa and Asia and which was then exported all over the world. With a bitter and intense taste, it is a product rich in caffeine, which has stimulating and activating properties for our body.
The type of flavor and the properties of the drink obtained will depend to a large extent on the conditions under which the plants from which the grains are to be obtained grow, being for example light, humidity, climate, grain separation method and the roasting process before grinding things to consider in addition to the existence of different species and varieties to explain the variations in taste and potency.
Three basic types depending on the origin of the plant
Although there are a large number of countries where coffee is grown, the truth is that in general we can find three main types of coffee depending on the variety of the plant that is grown, being mainly two species used and the third of the options is the combination of grains of both types.
The most used and appreciated type of coffee is the one that corresponds to the first variants used to make the drink: Arabica coffee.
This species from Ethiopia and with several subspecies tends to be delicate and provide a bean with a very aromatic flavor and a considerable amount but inferior to the other existing variety in terms of caffeine content. Despite its African origin at present, it is generally more cultivated in countries of South America, Asia and Central America..
Although it tends to be less used in general, this strain has the important characteristic of having a much higher level of caffeine than the previous one, which pit turns out that the taste it produces when drinking is much more intense. and with a rather bitter tone.
Much of the coffees we have drunk come not only from one of the previous two species and their varieties, but we are usually faced with a mixture in different proportions of the two. The exact proportion may depend among other things, the type of elaboration we are trying to achieve.
Main types of coffee according to their preparation
In addition to the type of coffee from which it is obtained, it is very useful to keep in mind that there is a wide variety of types of coffee depending on the type of preparation we make with the beans or if we l ‘accompany items like milk, cocoa or even alcoholic drinks. Some of the best known are as follows.
1. Espresso / Solo
One of the most basic and simple types of coffee, it consists only of an infusion of coffee that this is done by boiling water in contact with the grain. It can be prepared in seconds. It is a short type of coffee, and its size is usually around 30 cl. The use of coffee of the Arabic variant is common. It usually has a bit of foam on the top.
This espresso variant is characterized by the same amount of coffee as the previous one but used for it a smaller proportion of water.
3. Cut or stained
One of the most popular in general, cut or macchiato is a type of espresso coffee to which a small amount of milk is added, which stains or stains the coffee.
American coffee is a type of coffee derived from espresso that is characterized by the addition of a much larger amount of water than usual in this type of preparation, resulting in a product with a less potent flavor. and a little more watery, which makes it less bitter. and facilitates a sweet taste. In that case an espresso would be prepared first and boiling water would be added to it on the outside.
5. Length / width
So-called long coffee is a type of coffee in which the extraction of water in contact with the coffee beans is carried out for a longer time, which leads to a greater amount of brewing. It differs from the above in that here is directly the infusion which occurs in greater quantity, Without having to add water to the outside. It is usually served in mugs or even long glasses.
Cigalón is a coffee prepared like an espresso to which a certain quantity of spirits is added to it in addition to the infusion, being generally cognac, marc or whiskey. For this in general first prepare the previously heated liquor, To which coffee will be added and later other items such as sugar can be added. If the brandy is used with the lemon zest, we have the so-called burnt coffee.
7. Coffee with milk
Similar to the cup, latte involves the incorporation of milk into the coffee, but this time an equal or similar proportion of milk and coffee is used. It tastes sweeter and much less intense, but still potent in terms of the presence of caffeine.
8. Cafe Bombon
A much sweeter version of the latte is the well-known variant of café bombon, in which normal milk is replaced by condensed milk. The most common is to put it first, then add the coffee.
Capuchin is another of the more common coffees, being similar to latte except that in this case we will only find about a third of the coffee, the rest being milk. In general, much of it is foamed, and usually add a little cocoa powder powder to give it a sweeter taste.
It is a variant of the latte in which, in addition to milk and coffee, chocolate or cocoa in the form of syrup or powder is used.
11. Irish coffee
A type of double espresso to which whiskey is added and a layer of whipped cream or cream. Usually served in a cocktail glass.
12. Viennese coffee
A type of coffee that can be single or double espresso is accompanied instead of milk for cream or cream, In a lower proportion than the coffee itself.
One of the few variations of the conceptualization is directly in the form of cold coffee, the smoothie is made with instant ground coffee, ice cream and cream or cream pudding.
Little known and also conceptualized as cold coffee, this variety is characterized by the incorporation in addition to coffee, ice and milk. one or more scoops of ice cream, whatever the taste (But usually chocolate). It’s practically closer to a dessert than an infusion.
The ones mentioned so far are probably the most well-known types of coffee, but they are far from the only ones. There are many possible variations more or less common in different countries or regions, and even today others come out from time to time that incorporate new flavors or ingredients.