One of the best fruits to eat in the summer is watermelon, Which in addition to being very refreshing, contains many health properties. Along with melon, it belongs to the botanical family of Cucurbits and both are very beneficial for the body.
Although some people think that this delicious fruit contains only water and sugar, watermelon contains a lot of nutrients and provides many vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. This fruit is a very healthy food and contains few calories.
Watermelons and the summer go hand in hand. Its refreshing quality and sweet taste help beat the heat, and for those who want to lose weight, this fruit is a very tasty dessert that doesn’t make you feel guilty when you eat it.
Properties and benefits of watermelon
There are different types of watermelon, some larger, others less rounded and others without the stripes that characterize them. Regardless of the type of watermelon eaten, they are all very healthy.
But … What are the properties of watermelon? In the following lines, we present the health benefits of watermelon.
1. Stay hydrated
Watermelon is associated with summer and this is not surprising since is a food with a high water content, 92% of its composition, And contains important electrolytes. It can be eaten at any time and is an ideal “snack” to take at any time. If we also leave it in the refrigerator, it will not only be delicious, but it will be very refreshing. As the summer season approaches, watermelon becomes a very attractive food.
2. Improves the immune system and prevents cell damage
This fruit is rich in vitamin C, essential for our immune system and therefore protects our body and helps us to fight, for example, against colds. It also maintains the redox balance of cells and protects them from reactive oxygen species, which damage our cells and DNA.
3. Heals wounds
The role of vitamin C in wound healing has also been observed in many studies since it is essential for the formation of new connective tissue. The enzymes involved in the formation of collagen, which is the main component of wound healing, are ineffective without vitamin C. In short, watermelon is involved in wound healing.
4. Improves bone health
Watermelon contains lycopene, which is especially important for the health of our bones. Dietary lycopene, present in certain foods such as watermelon or tomatoes, reduces oxidative stress which generally decreases the activity of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, two bone cells involved in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis.
Consuming lycopene is associated with healthier bones. Watermelon is also high in potassium, which helps retain calcium in the body, which improves bone and joint health.
5. Improves cardiovascular health.
Consume watermelon in large quantities, according to extensive research, positively correlates with improved cardiovascular function, As it increases blood flow by vasodilation.
A study by the American Journal of Hypertension found that watermelon extract supplementation lowers ankle blood pressure, brachial blood pressure, and carotid pressure in middle-aged obese adults with mild hypertension.
6. Helps lose body fat
Watermelon contains citrulline, which helps reduce the accumulation of fat in our fat cells. Citrulline is an amino acid that is converted to arginine with the help of the kidneys. When our body absorbs citrulline, it has the ability to block the activity of TNAP (non-tissue alkaline phosphatase), which causes our fat cells to produce less fatty tissue, and therefore helps prevent excessive accumulation of body fat. .
7. Improves eye health
This fruit is an excellent source of beta-carotene (Hence the reddish color of its interior) which becomes vitamin A. It helps produce pigments in the retina of the eye and protects against age-related macular degeneration. It also prevents night blindness, keeps skin, teeth, skeletal and soft tissue and mucous membranes healthy.
8. Diuretic effect
Watermelon is a natural diuretic that helps increase urine flow and protects the kidneys.. It is also involved in the process of removing ammonia from the liver. Watermelon is a natural and slimming diuretic, which will help you stay fit and healthy.
9. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant
watermelon it is rich in phenolic compounds such as flavonoids, carotenoids and triterpenoids. The lycopene carotenoid in this fruit is beneficial in reducing inflammation and neutralizing free radicals.
Cucurbitacin triterpenoid I is also present in watermelon and provides anti-inflammatory support by blocking the activity of cyclooxygenase enzymes which normally produce an increase in inflammation. Ripe watermelons contain higher amounts of these beneficial phenolic compounds.
10. Prevents cancer
This fruit, as I mentioned earlier, is a great source of vitamin C as well as other antioxidants. This is why you can help fight the formation of free radicals associated with the development of cancer. Lycopene intake has been positively linked to a decreased risk of prostate cancer, according to several studies.