The 11 psychological keys to teamwork

Knowing how to work in a team is a capacity that is increasingly in demand in the labor market, where the multidisciplinary practice of professionals specialized in various fields is often necessary. However, achieving this is not just an individual process: it is possible to intervene in the group to improve the working performance of the whole team “from the outside”, or rather, by focusing on the whole unit.

So let’s go some of the most used psychological keys for teamwork in the context of organizations.

    What are the main psychological keys to teamwork?

    These are the psychological keys to teamwork that must be integrated both individually and collectively to function effectively.

    1. Create information channels

    Channeling information is essential to the proper functioning of any work team, and its importance is all the greater as the number of participants in the common project is large. We must not wait for the communication channels to emerge spontaneously, we must design them in advance, because otherwise there will be only informal communication, which is based only on personal affinities and not on the global vision of the team.

    Many collective projects fail due to poor organization of information, due to the assumption that important data spontaneously reaches its destination; that is why it is very important to establish clear and concise strategic information flow channels.

      2. Motivation strategies

      Motivation is another of the essential elements that contribute to successful teamwork and this can be achieved in several ways both generally among all members of the organization and individually. It is important to keep in mind that paying for working hours, while one of the main pillars of motivation, is far from the only one.

      Thus, the example of others can be used as a motivational strategy to improve performance: seeing the progress of classmates helps to give “a boost” to the whole group in general.

      3. Common and individual objectives

      To achieve greater involvement in a work team, it is recommended that some of the end goals or objectives be common to all members of the work team, and some other part be individual in nature.

      We thus obtain a double motivation on the part of each member, who has a collective goal shared with all his peers, and at the same time has a personal motivation to achieve a goal that rivals only him.

        4. Knowing how to delegate

        In any hierarchical organization, it is essential to know how to delegate effectively to ensure its proper functioning and not to overload any member with work.

        This capacity for delegation is particularly important for team leaders and middle managers.because they are responsible for maintaining good organization and are usually the ones who have to perform more tasks simultaneously throughout the day.

          5. Global vision

          An overview of the work that takes into account all the relevant elements that are part of the team and also the interactions between them it is essential to identify possible workloads in some members or parts of the process that are not functioning properly.

          Common success depends on the particular performance of each member of the organization, which is why it is so important to do an analysis with a global perspective in which each work participant is integrated.

          6. Effective leadership

          A good leader is someone who knows how to organize the tasks of his subordinates, who inspires and who is able to set the course for the organization in times of uncertainty.

          This is why it is so important to be clear about a leader don’t just “send”, for their efforts and dedication will mark the course of the work’s ultimate success.

            7. Time management

            Good time management is another of the defining characteristics of effective teamwork, because more working hours does not always mean more production.

            But this is not just an individual process (although it is clear that each team member should try to make the best use of their working time); Workflow issues should also be detected to avoid congestion and unnecessary waiting periods in general (which can be caused by poorly distributed tasks). Remember that the simple fact of assigning many jobs to many workers does not make sense of this whole distribution.

            To succeed at work in the shortest possible time it is essential to have time management and productivity expertsbecause, as Parkinson’s law says, “the work expands to fill the available time”.

            8. Clear incentives

            Certain incentives, such as the promotion and promotion processes, are essential in any work team and usually also act as motivation mechanisms for every member of the organization.

            These promotion processes must be clear and transparent to motivate and not be used as tools for unfair treatment., which also promotes the orientation and pursuit of the professional goals of each worker.

              9. Effectiveness in meetings

              Meetings are one of the classic elements of teamwork; however, they often end up being unproductive, inefficient, and completely useless because sometimes they are used as a “fetish” as if their mere existence was something good.

              Holding business meetings should always be linked to a specific goal or objective and it is not advisable to extend them too long without a specific goal.

              10. Consider the emotional

              Any self-respecting organization takes into account the emotional side of the team members, which is very helpful in achieving a positive outcome at the end of the job.

              Inspiring and recognizing the emotional needs of each worker has a positive effect on their emotional, physical and professional state. At the end, a computer cannot be managed as one would manage a machine made up of gears: for the wolf and for the wicked, the emotions cannot be detached from the decision-making of the workers.

              11. Work diversification

              In any teamwork, there are people with different areas of specialization and with different backgrounds., and this should be reflected in the division of labor. That is why they must be allocated according to the aptitudes and capacities of each one.

              In addition, it is very important that each person is very clear on the start and end of their field of intervention, so that if problems or inefficiencies are detected, those involved quickly know that they must take the initiative. to correct the situation without waiting for instructions given “from above”.

              Want to know more about team management?

              If you are considering a team management training you might be interested the international team coaching program, a training program organized by the European School of Coaching (EEC).

              This is a 100% online course based on the systems view, approved as CCE (Continuing Coach Education) by the International Coach Federation (ICF). and 53 hours, spread over 5 days. To find out more, contact us or visit our website.

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