At the present time, there are several types of work, depending on a number of characteristics. There are also different classifications through which we can place one type of work or another.
In this article we have selected five parameters through which we will describe the different types of work, With their respective examples.
Type of work
We will classify the different types of jobs according to five parameters, obtaining a total of 13 types of jobs:
1. Depending on the main tool
The first classification that we will make of the existing types of work is based on the main tool of each of them. In other words, depending on whether your hands, your creativity or your intellect are mainly used.
1.1. manual work
The first of the types of work that we are going to describe is manual labor. This type of work involves main use of hands.
Many consider it to be the oldest work in the world; in fact, before the advent of the Industrial Revolution, manual labor was the most predominant, and indeed the only one known. Examples of trades that develop manual work: masons, carpenters, mechanics …
1. 2. Handicrafts
Handicraft work is actually a type of manual labor, although in this case it is it takes creativity and originality to be able to develop it.
1. 3. Intellectual work
Another type of work is intellectual work; intellectual work could be seen as “contrary” to the above, for in this case it is the mind that is essential to its development. In other words, that is to say the use of intellect and ideas is required, so these are usually jobs where a minimum of education is required.
In general, intellectual work concerns professions in the field of science and technology. These types of works appeared after World War I, when tourism companies, services, insurance, etc. began to appear.
2. Depending on the qualification required
The different types of work also they can be classified according to the qualification required to access them (Or for its good performance).
In this case we find: low-skilled (or unskilled), semi-skilled, skilled and highly skilled jobs.
2.1. Unskilled labor
It’s that kind of work where the person who develops it you do not need to have a minimum of studies or knowledge on a particular subject. These are generally more mechanical jobs, with a lower level of demand in an intellectual sense (for example: waiters, dependents, cleaning staff, etc.).
2.2. Semi-skilled work
The next type of work is semi-skilled work. It differs from the previous one in that here yes a minimum of knowledge on a specific subject is required for the good development of the work.
It is true, however, that this knowledge is generally not very specific (hence the term “semi-skilled”). Examples of them are: flight guests, beauticians,
2. 3. Skilled labor
We also have qualified work, where academic and professional training is necessary for the proper development of the work. In other words, that is to say a certain level of knowledge is required to qualify for this type of work.
These are usually jobs that require at least: a higher degree, a career, a master’s degree, etc. Examples of professionals who perform skilled work are: nurses, doctors, pharmacists, engineers, psychologists, etc.
2. 4. Highly skilled labor
In this case, it is a similar job to the previous one, although here the level of demand (in terms of training and experience) is even higher.
We are talking about the need to have a master’s and doctoral degree, many years of experience and similar requirements to be able to access it. Examples of them would be: certain specializations, certain engineering jobs, senior management positions, university professors, etc.
3. Depending on legality
The different types of jobs can also be classified according to whether they are registered or not. What does it mean? Let’s see:
3. 1. Recorded work
The recorded work is one in which the employer (or employer) pays a series of tax charges for each employee. (In other words, to register the employee with Social Security).
In other words, the employer must comply with the regulations in force and the laws applicable to his sector. The worker or employee, in this case, while contributing to the Inland Revenue, has a series of rights, such as: paid leave, unemployment, retirement, etc.
3. 2. Unregistered work
In contrast, unregistered work (also referred to as informal or non-formal work) would, in fact, be work done “in black”, When the employer does not register social security with his employees.
In other words, the employer or the hiring person would not pay the Inland Revenue anything to hire their employees. It would therefore be illegal work, not in accordance with the regulations. Moreover, in this case, workers are not entitled to unemployment, paid holidays, sick leave or accidents, etc.
Examples of this type of work are: prostitution, cleaning staff in some cases (usually when working for an individual), reinforcement classes, kangaroos or babysitters, etc.
4. Depending on who you work for
Depending on whether we are working for someone else (for another company) or for ourselves (having different clients, i.e. alone), we find two types of work:
4. 1. Self-employment
Self-employment is the most common; involved work in a certain company (or more), in exchange for a salary (salary) at the end of the month. There is an employment contract between the two, and the worker has their paid vacation and other benefits mentioned above.
4. 2. Self-employment
Also called independent, independent, at the level of the Treasury, they are registered in a different regime from the usual regime for people working in a certain company.
They pay monthly fees on top of the typical taxes we all pay (i.e. they pay their own social security).
like that, they are both employees and bosses (of themselves), because they choose their own clients and they generally have greater flexibility (schedule, salary, etc.). They usually have multiple clients and instead of having a paycheck at the end of the month, they issue them invoices.
5. Depending on the place of performance
Finally, depending on whether the work is done in person (for example at the office itself) or electronically (for example at home or in a cafeteria, with a computer), we find the following two types of work:
5. 1. Work face to face
Face-to-face work, as the name suggests, is that which takes place in the same company or the same work center.. Examples of face-to-face work? Any work that takes place in a corporate office; administration, marketing, economy …
5. 2. Telematics work (online)
Telematics or online work, on the other hand, is the one that it can be developed from any location that usually has an internet connection and a computer.
It is more and more recurrent work; many companies, in fact, opt for a type of work that combines face to face and telematic work (especially companies in the technology sector). Examples of professionals who usually do this type of work are: computer scientists, freelance writers …
- Hogg, MA (2010). Social psychology. Vaughan Graham M. Panamericana. Posted by Panamericana.
- Rotonde, GZ (2012). Types of work and training in the specialization of tasks in the organization. Journal of Social Sciences (RCS), 18 (1): 58-73.